Friday, May 10, 2013

1) Papua peace journalist tries to drum up NZ support amid Indonesian crackdown


1) Papua peace journalist tries to drum up NZ support amid Indonesian crackdown
2) Children in West Papua removed for ’re-education’ seen on streets of Jakarta
3) Rainbow Warrior in Papua to highlight bio-diversity
4) Six Suspects Accused Aimas Makar

5) Freedom of expression suppressed in Papua as third peaceful protester dies


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1) Papua peace journalist tries to drum up NZ support amid Indonesian crackdown

Peace negotiator Octavianus Mote … exiled from West Papua by the Indonesian government in 1999. Image: Jamie Small/PMC


A UN Commissioner says that over the last year her office has received 26 reports of alleged human rights violations in West Papua, many of which are linked to law enforcement officials. Jamie Small reports for Asia-Pacific Journalism.
Pacific Scoop:Report – By Jamie Small
A prominent West Papuan journalist and activist has visited New Zealand to gather support for West Papua’s inclusion in the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG)  while an Indonesian government crackdown was killing and arresting Papuan demonstrators.
Former editor of Kompas newspaper Otavianus Mote visited in his role ats chair of the five elected “peace negotiator” representatives of West Papua.
He says his visit has raised support among a solidarity group in New Zealand, but he doesn’t think the government is supportive of the cause.
West Papua marked the 50th anniversary of Indonesian occupation last week on May 1.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay issued a statement condemning the actions of Indonesian police and military forces which reportedly killed at least two pro-independence protesters.
The authorities also arrested at least 20 on April 30 and May 1.
Navi says that over the last year her office has received 26 reports of alleged human rights violations in West Papua, many of which are linked to law enforcement officials.
Peaceful negotiations
“I think that peaceful negotiations are possible, but on the other hand, Indonesian troops continue to act against civilians in West Papua,” says Mote.
He says West Papuans have asked permission to exercise peaceful freedom of expression and gathering, but the [Indonesian] government would not allow it.
Previously a Netherlands colony, control of West Papua was handed over to Indonesian dictator Sukarno by a UN authority in 1963 in disputed circumstances. This was part of a broader, militarised struggle by Sukarno to force Western colonial rule out of the area.
In 2001, the region was granted a special autonomy by the Indonesian government. But Mote says the special autonomy status has failed.
The predominantly Melanesian people of West Papua do not identify – ethnically or culturally – with their Javanese colonisers.
Mote says Indonesia is making a concerted effort to fully colonialise West Papua. There is a constant influx of Asian Indonesians to the region, accompanied by oppression and killing of the indigenous people of West Papuan.
Of the 3.5 million people living in West Papua, Mote says currently only 48 percent are West Papuans. He believes that in 10 years’ time, this number could be as low as 20 percent.
‘Genocide process’
“This is a crime against humanity. This is a genocide process,” he says.
On top of this, Indonesia is supporting widespread environmental destruction in West Papua.
The island of Western New Guinea is covered in dense rainforest and Mote says it is a “lung of the world”.
In the southern regency of Merauke, a multi-million dollar joint government and corporate project called the Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE) is being initiated.
According to Mote, MIFEE could cut down four million hectares of rainforest, and bring in up to six million Indonesian people.
Mote says in the regency of Merauke, only 30 percent of MPs are West Papuan. And even if the local government opposes the project, the central government in Jakarta would go ahead regardless.
“There is nothing we can do,” he says.
Political divisions
The Indonesian government is increasingly building infrastructure at the cost of the environment. One reason for this is the manipulation of local political divisions.
In 1999, there were nine regencies in West Papua. Now there are 31. The Indonesian government has plans to divide the two provinces of West Papua into seven.
The creation of each new province or regency requires the construction of infrastructure. This means cutting down forest and bringing in Indonesian public servants, military and workers. Mote says this is a driving factor in the “extinction” of West Papuans.
“In 10 years, the number of West Papuans [in West Papua] will be 20 percent. This is not a political statement, it is fact.”
Each regency is allowed to build its own military district, and Mote says that two or three regencies together will command “a couple of battalions of Indonesian troops”.
The government has appointed Bambang Darmono to accelerate development in West Papua.
Military roads
Darmono is an ex-military major, and was notoriously in command of Indonesian occupying forces in the northern Indonesian autonomous region of Aceh from 2002 to 2005 when waging war against the GAM rebels.
He is calling publicly for all new roadway constructions in West Papua to be completed by the military, creating a reason to bring in more troops.
Mote says standard practice in Indonesia is for a captain to be in charge of provincial troops.
“But to control just three and a half million people, we have a couple of generals and an amazing amount of military in West Papua.”
Former Green Party MP Keith Locke says New Zealand should be supportive of all Pacific people, and it should back West Papua’s entry into the MSG, and hopefully its inclusion in the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF).
“If New Zealand doesn’t support its neighbours consistently, it undermines its own reputation for human rights,” he says.
Mote says that once the West Papuan population is suppressed, Papua New Guinea will be the next target for Indonesia.
Colonisation of Papua New Guinea would force refugees into Australia, New Zealand and other surrounding nations.
Environmental destruction
Also, environmental destruction in West Papua could be affecting global warming, which is a big issue for island nations such as Nauru.
Mote says West Papua is willing to do whatever it takes to get international support in negotiations.
He says the nation is willing to give land and sovereignty to people from Nauru displaced by global warming, and can offer an island for American and allied military bases.
Hone Harawira, leader of the Mana Party, says there is a “cultural and actual genocide” happening in West Papua.
“I am involved [in the West Papua issue] for no other reason than that I see indigenous people being injured by someone else,” he says.
Harawira says the issues facing West Papuan people are similar to Māori issues around the Treaty of Waitangi.
“But the difference there is that Indonesia is a highly militaristic nation.”
He says Indonesia needs to be challenged wherever they are, especially places that are not really Indonesia, like West Papua.
Harawira says that New Zealand needs to “support a call for West Papua to be raised to a clarity status with the PIF so UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon can take up their cause”.
Community policing
Green Party MP Catherine Delahunty says: “The New Zealand government never wants to annoy Indonesia, and that’s why we’re doing really inappropriate things involving community policing [in West Papua].”
She says that during the visit of West Papuan activist Benny Wenda earlier in the year, parliament’s speaker David Carter would not allow a forum on West Papua because he had received information from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) that it was a politically sensitive topic.
Mote says the United States were given early mining rights in West Papua by the Indonesian government. Even today, the US is getting gold and copper from West Papua, and the United Kingdom is getting oil.
Mote also says Indonesia is using the war on terror as a tool to gain support to crack down on peaceful movements in West Papua. The International Crisis Group (ICG) has drawn comparisons between West Papuan student activists and Islamic extremists.
A common fundraising exercise was reently condemned as “terrorising civilians”.
He says this is empowering the Indonesian government to crack down on West Papuan freedom of expression with international support.
Mote adds: “Indonesia is putting through legislation to enact terrorism law in West Papua.”
Jamie Small is a Postgraduate Diploma in Communication Studies student journalist on the Asia-Pacific Journalism course at AUT University.

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2) Children in West Papua removed for ’re-education’ seen on streets of Jakarta
Posted at 01:57 on 10 May, 2013 UTC
A human rights researcher says the alleged removal of West Papuan children for ’re-education’ in Jakarta is part of an unofficial but very organised plan.
Andreas Harsono says the plan involves many Government people, but is not an official policy. He says there is a blurring of the line between the state and the religion of Islam.
He says there are Papuan children on the streets of Jakarta, some as young as 10 years old.
He says children in West Papua often live with relatives, as tribal and family links are strong, meaning children are often taken to Jakarta without their parents’ knowledge.
“I am usually suspicious, where do those children come from. How could they end up with their curly hair and dark skin, in Jakarta and years after years I noticed that ther must be something different. Why these children who are supposed to go to school and supposedly in their homeland are stranded on the streets of a big city like Jakarta.”
Andreas Harsono says he has seen West Papuan children working in car parks and for bus drivers and falling into pickpocketing.



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3) Rainbow Warrior in Papua to highlight bio-diversity
Posted at 03:29 on 10 May, 2013 UTC
The Rainbow Warrior, the campaigning vessel for the environmental NGO, Greenpeace, is in Papua in Indonesia, to highlight the country’s biodiversity.
The Jakarta Post reports that the iconic vessel got a warm welcome when it docked in Jayapura, the provincial capital.
Its skipper, Peter Willcox, says Indonesia has globally important biodiversity but deforestation and marine destruction is threatening its sustainability.
He says all industrial players, especially Freeport in Papua, should stop harmful extractive practices and move toward a sustainable business for the sake of the country’s people, environment and economy.

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A google translate of article in Surapapu. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
Original bahasa ata

4) Six Suspects Accused Aimas Makar
Friday, May 10, 2013, 6:18 News, Featured Editor43 viewsAdd a comment

50 YEARS annexation of Papua, Papuan imprisonment PEOPLE WITH ARTICLE STILL KEEP GOING Makar (PHOTO: MELANESIA.COM)

PAPUAN, Sorong - This afternoon, Friday, (05/10/2013), six civilians in the ethnic origin Moi Aimas, South Sorong regency, who was arrested after a joint military and police operation on Tuesday, (30/4 / 2013) and has signed a Letter of Authorization by the Defense Counsel of LP3BH Manokwari.

The suspects sixth respectively on behalf Kodimko Clement (71), Obeth Kamesrar (65), Antonius Safuf (62), Obadiah Kamesrar (40), Jordan Magablo (42) and Heng Mangamis (39).

"They have been charged by police with allegations Makar articles 106, 107, 108 and 110 of the Criminal Code, as well as articles 160 and 164 of the Criminal Code criminal acts disturbing public order," said Yan Christian Warinussy, one of the lawyers of the six defendants.

Warinussy said sixth defendant is currently being examined by police investigators from Sorong Police Resort, with counsel consisting of Advocate Emilianus Jimmy Ell, SH from Sorong, together Advocate Theresje Julianty Gasperz, SH and Advocates Should Yensenem Samuel, SH from LP3BH MANOKWARI, erta Advocate Usmany Damus, SH DPP PERADIN of West Papua and the Young Advocates Frida Y.Kelasin, SH from Peradi Papua.

According Warinussy, the Defense Counsel gain full support for full-time work of the Agency Workers AM Synod of the Evangelical Christian Church (GKI) of Papua, pursuant to a Memorandum Assignment Number: 209/G-15.d/V/2013 dated May 7, 2013.

"Memorandum of the Task Team has been mandated with the duty and responsibility to assist and advocate for issues that occurred on the territory of the congregation of GKI GKI services in Papua," said Warinussy, through a press release sent to the editor suarapapua.com, Friday afternoon .

Furthermore, the team has also signed a power of attorney with Klaibin brother Isaac, who was accused by the authorities while the police as the leader of TPN OPM in West Papua.

"Isak Klaibin also allegedly hit the same charges as a criminal Makar," Warinussy lid.

Just a note, the six defendants were arrested in connection with the preparation of the anniversary of the annexation of Papua into Indonesia, on May 1, 2013, which is always Papuans commemorated as the day of national mourning.

Oktovianus POGAU
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9 May 2013

5) Freedom of expression suppressed in Papua as third peaceful protester dies


The death of an activist after she participated in a peaceful protest in Papua, Indonesia, is a tragic reminder of the precarious state of freedom of expression and assembly in the region, Amnesty International said.
Salomina Kalaibin died in hospital on 6 May due to gunshot wounds she received six days earlier at a peaceful commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the handover of Papua to the Indonesian government by the United Nations Temporary Executive Authority.
Two other people were killed and at least seven other protesters were wounded during the event. At least 22 individuals are currently detained for having participated in the peaceful activities. Many allege the security forces were responsible for the violence.
“The death of the three political activists is a stark reminder that in Papua, speaking out comes with a high price,” said Isabelle Arradon, Asia-Pacific Deputy Director at Amnesty International.
“It is imperative that authorities in Indonesia urgently set up a comprehensive and independent investigation into allegations of unnecessary use of firearms by security forces during the protests, make the results available to the public, and bring those responsible to justice.”
“Failure to take action will send a message that the security forces in Papua operate above the law.”
On 30 April, police and soldiers opened fire on a group of people who had peacefully gathered in Aimas District, in the city of Sorong, to organize commemorative activities the following day. Two men, Abner Malagawak and Thomas Blesia, were killed on the spot while Salomina Kalaibin, a woman, died six days later due to gunshot wounds to her stomach and shoulder.
Two others also suffered gunshot wounds during the incident. Police claim the shootings were done in self-defence.
At least six people have since been arrested and charged with “rebellion” for possession of the Morning Star flags, a symbol of Papuan independence which is prohibited under a 2007 government regulation.
On 1 May 2013 police opened fire into the air to forcibly disperse hundreds of peaceful protesters who had gathered at a market complex in Kwamki Baru, Timika and allegedly shot five people. At least 10 protesters were taken to Mimika District police station and charged with “rebellion”.
That same day, at least one person was shot in the city of Biak when security forces opened fire at a group of at least 50 people who had gathered to raise the Morning Star flag.
Article 6 of Indonesia’s Government Regulation No. 77/2007 prohibits the display of separatist logos or flags and Articles 106 and 110 of the Criminal Code prescribe heavy punishment for “rebellion”.
“The fact that Indonesian law is being used to criminalize freedom of expression, coupled with a situation in which abuses by security forces are rarely brought to civilian courts is a dangerous situation for peaceful political activists and human rights defenders in Papua,” said Arradon. 

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