Speech Prime Minister Moana CARCASSES Kalosil on 4 March 2014
on the HR Council-Geneva - Switserland THE REPUBLIC OF VANUATU
Speech Prime Minister Moana CARCASSES Kalosil on 4 March 2014
on the HR Council-Geneva - Switserland
THE REPUBLIC OF VANUATU
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE MOANA KATOKAI KALOSIL
PRIME MINISTER OF THE REPUBLIC OF VANUATU
THE HIGH LEVEL SEGMENT OF THE FIFT SESSION
OF THE HUMAN RIGHT COUNSIL
GENEVA, SWITSERLAND - 4th MARCH 2014
H.E. President of the Human Rights Council
H.E. Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr. Bani Ki Moon
Ladies and Gentlemen
The Republic of Vanuatu is very pleased to be addressing this meeting today.
I have come here to join the leaders of the world to discuss and raise
concerns on different human rights challenges affecting millions of innocent
citizens across the entire globe, from the island countries and in countries
Mr. President, the focus of my statement here today will be on two important
but very highly critical issues to the entire population of my country. First
I want to focus on the rights of our indigenous people to practice their
cultural and spiritual rituals in the two of our islands in the Tafea
Province, South of Vanuatu. And Secondly, I will bring to the forefront or our
debate some of the issues regarding human rights abuses in West Papua that
have been very disturbing to the community of democraties around the world.
Mr. President, my country’s struggle to achieve political independence in 1980
was marked with incidences of social protests and emergence of some political
movements within our country. We were Melanesians being governed by Britain
and France in our own mother land. Prior to 1980, we were stateless in our
country and we were neither French of British citizens. And for almost 4
decades, we were exposed to foreign rule. So we had to struggle to construct
our identity as free people to live in dignity. Independence was our
objective. And this was a compelling thrive that motivated our leaders to
achieve nothing less than political independence.
We did not fight for independence because we were economically and financially
ready. We did not fight for independence because our colonial masters were
killing our people. No. We fought for our political independence because it is
our God given right to be free. Freedom was our inalienable right. It is a
human right. And Vanuatu was proclaimed independent on 30 July 1980.
Thirty three years after our independence I am delighted to say that France
has begun to demonstrate its willingness four our indigenous people to visit
two of our very sacred islands, Umaepnune (Mathew) and Leka (Hunter) in the
southern part of our country to fulfil their cultural and spiritual
obligations. Rituals and ceremonies have continued to be held on other islands
of the Tafea province annually despite the blockage previously imposed by the
French authority for our tribesmen to travel to the sacred islands Umaepnune
and Leka islands to fulfil their cultural and spiritual duties.
Mr. President, I want to now focus my attention on the chronic human rights
challenges that has affected the indigenous Melanesian peoples of West Papua
since 1969. And I do this with great respect and humility.
My country is here in this meeting to amplify the concerns for human rights in
West Papua. We are very concerned indeed about the manner in which the
international community had neglected the voices of the Papuan people, who’s
human rights have been trampled upon and severely suppressed since 1969.
Mr. President, you are presiding over the noblest organ of the United Nations-
the Human Rights Council. But what do we do when rights of the Melanesian
people of West Papua is challenged with military interventions and presence?
Since the controversial Act of Free Choice in 1969, the Melanesian People of
West Papua have been subject to on-going human rights violations committed by
the Indonesian security services. The world has witnessed the litany of
tortures, murders, exploitation, rapes, military raids, arbitrary arrests and
dividing of civil society trough intelligence operations. The Indonesian
National Commission on Human Rights (KOMNAS HAM) concluded that these acts
constitute crimes against humanity under Indonesian Law No. 26/2000 (KOMNAS
In this climate of fear and repression of political dissent, and blatant
negligence by the international Community including the UN and the powerful
developed countries since 1969, we find this forgotten race still dare to
dream for equality and justice. Yet the democratic nations have kept silent.
Mr. President, as a Melanesian citizen, I have come here to call for immediate
action. Injustice in West Papua is a threat to the principle of justice
everywhere in the world. I do not sleep well at night when I know that in 2010
Yawan Wayeni, known as a separatist was videotaped by the security forces as
he was lying in a pool of his own blood with his intestines seeping from a
gaping wound in his abdomen. It concerns me that in October 2010 Telenga Gire
and Anggen Pugu Kiwo were tied by the military and were severely tortured. It
concerns me when I see the video footage of a group of Papuan men bounded and
being kicked in the head by uniformed soldiers who are meant to protect them.
I am worried because between October of 2011 and March 2013, 25 Papuans were
murdered and nothing has been done to bring perpetrators to justice. And it
embarrasses me. As a Melanesian, to note that roughly 10 % of the indigenous
Melanesian population have been killed by the Indonesian Security forces since
1963. While I acknowledge the 15 years of reformation that has taken place, I
am also worried that Melanesians will soon become a minority in their own
motherland of Papua.
Mr. President, in a world so now closely connected with innovative technology,
there should be no excuses about lack of information on human rights
violations that have plagued the Papuan people for more than 45 years. Search
the internet and research papers by academic institutions and international
NGO’s and you will find raw facts portraying the brutal abuse of the rights of
the Melanesian people in Papua. But why are we not discussing it in this
counsel? Why are we turning a blind eye to them and closing our ears to the
lone voices of the Papuan people, many of whom have shed innocent blood
because they want justice and freedom. Many are martyrs that have been
persecuted and brutally murdered because the carry the unspoken voices of the
millions now living in fear in the valleys and lofty mountains of Papua. They
are demanding recognition and equality and a respect for their human rights
and to live in peace. Will this august council hear their cries and now go
forward to protect their human rights and put right all wrong of the past?
I have listened attentively to the voice of a former Civil Servant Mr. Filep
Karma and student Yusak Pakage who were sentenced to 15 and 10 years in prison
and speaking from behind bars, calling on our countries in the Pacific to
speak out against the injustice against them. These are the children of the
warriors who have stood firm to fight during the second world war in the
Pacific and who helped bring peace and security in our part of the world. It
is now our duty to bring peace to their tribal villages and communities by
affording them their basic human rights that most of us here take for granted.
I am very encouraged that the matter has now reached the European Union
Committee on Human Rights and we look forward for some actions to improve the
human rights conditions of our brothers and sisters in Papua. I further call
on the Governments of the developed countries including the African nations
and the island countries of the Caribbean and the Pacific to condemn the issue
of human rights violations. I want to echo the words of Martin Luther King
Jr., who said in his speech in 1963 that, “nothing in the world is more
dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.” We the
democratic nations must not ignore the cries of the Papuan people.
Mr. President, the concerns we are raising here is more than a question of
keeping 70 % of the wealth from oil and gas in West Papua, it is the question
of political status. The concerns we are raising here, is more than the
question of economic status were 80 % of wealth from Forestry, Fisheries and
general mining are kept in Papua. It is a question of the respect of the human
rights and existence of the Melanesian people. Our concern is not to see how
much they have been fed by a golden spoon, but to see the measure of respect
for freedom accorded to the Papuans as equal citizens. And to what degree the
civil society are given the right to express concerns about the quality of
governance in their motherland. For this should be a measure of a vibrant
Mr. President, access must be allowed for the UN human rights monitor,
international journalists and international human rights NGO’s to visit West
It is clear from many historical records that the Melanesian people of West
Papua were the scapegoat of Cold war politics and were sacrificed to gratify
the appetite for the natural resources which this country possess. Mr.
President, if the UN Representative, Mr. Ortiz Sanz had described the West
Papuan issue as a cancer growing “on the side of the and that his job was to
remove it”, it is very clear today from what we have seen that this cancer was
never removed but simply concealed. One day, this cancer will be diagnosed. We
must not be afraid if the UN had made some mistakes in the past. We must admit
our mistakes and correct them.
Mr. President, as I close, my government believes that human rights challenges
of Papua must be brought back to the agenda of the United Nations. I call on
the Human rights Council to consider adopting a resolution to establish a
country mandate on the situation of human rights in West Papua. The mandate
should include investigation of the alleged human rights violation in West
Papua and provide recommendations on a peaceful political solution in West
Papua. This will help to assist in supporting H.E. President Yudhoyono’s
pledge to hold dialogue with Papua.
Thank you once again for the opportunity to express my views in this forum.
Long God Yumi Stanap. I God we Stand. Thank you.