Sunday, February 7, 2016

1) View point: Civilian supremacy, or civilian inferiority?

2) Papua Human Development Index Remain Lowest 
3) Residents Complain of Lack of Health Workers
4) Labor Sitars is Still Wandering Outside Prison
5) No Dengue Hemorrhagic Cases in Merauke Hospital


1) View point: Civilian supremacy,  or civilian inferiority? - 
Dei Atmanta, Jakarta | Opinion | Sun, February 07 2016, 3:16 PM -

After nearly 18 years of reform, public recognition of the Indonesian Military (TNI) as both defender of the state and a choice for national leadership has barely changed, although the once mighty force has stepped away from practical politics.

Candidates with military backgrounds have marked political contestation ever since democratic elections were held in 1999. Many still believe Indonesia needs the guardianship of military figures, as civilian politicians are often perceived to be unprepared to lead the nation in the face of global challenges. 

After 10 years under Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, once billed as a reform-minded Army general, Indonesians almost put their trust in another general, Prabowo Subianto, in the 2014 election. Prabowo eventually lost the race to up-and-coming local politician Joko “Jokowi” Widodo, but clearly the public psyche of looking to a leader with a military background remains alive. 

A recent national survey of 1,225 eligible voters in all 34 provinces between Jan. 4-15 by an organization called the Segitiga Institute found that the current TNI chief, Gen. Gatot Nurmantyo, could be a serious contender for president against incumbent Jokowi if the two were to go head-to-head in the 2019 election. 

Previously, the more prominent polling organization Saiful Mujani Research and Consulting (SMRC) discovered in its survey that the TNI was considered the country’s most credible institution, eclipsing the President, the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), the National Police and the nation’s political parties. The majority of some 1,200 respondents surveyed chose the TNI, identifying them with peace and stability, SMRC executive director Djayadi Hanan said.

We may argue with the validity of those findings but nevertheless, many seem to dream of a president with a military background for various reasons. Reformasi has stripped the military of its political powers, but definitely not its influence.

The military has accepted the principle of civilian supremacy. But supremacy has turned into inferiority, as evidenced by the reluctance of the civilian regime to make the military fully committed to the universal rights that characterize democracy. 

Look at cases of gross human rights violations that dragged a number of Army generals to the ad hoc human rights court. All the officers on trial were acquitted, despite mounting pressures to end impunity.

A much-awaited formal investigation into alleged atrocities committed in the aftermath of the Sept. 30, 1965, aborted coup blamed on the communists looks unlikely to materialize, although the National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) has submitted its report to the Attorney General’s Office.

In countering the demand for justice from victims and families of the 1965 tragedy, active and retired generals have repeatedly warned of “a communist resurrection”. 

Even the Defense Ministry launched last year a state defense program in which civilians — including students, workers, government employees and taxi drivers — undergo a month-long military-style training program to strengthen patriotism and fight “foreign ideologies”, including communism.

Painstaking efforts to amend a law to bring military soldiers accused of ordinary crimes to civil courts have so far failed. Military resistance has stood in the way of revising the Military Tribunal Law.

The system has also kept the military safe from the radar of law enforcement institutions like the KPK, although the defense sector is highly prone to corruption because of the huge amount of money involved. 

In its latest survey, the global watchdog Transparency International placed Indonesia among countries with a high risk of corruption in arms procurement due to a lack of transparency and accountability.

The TNI’s absence from practical politics is by no means a setback for the military. Instead, the move away from practical politics has allowed the military to avoid corruption investigations and the protracted bickering that has tainted lawmakers as well as their political parties. 

History reveals much about why the public still longs for military figures to lead the nation. The TNI typifies the characteristics of what some scholars define as a “political army”. The TNI has been involved in and has developed a close connection with all stages of the evolution of the country, similar to military regimes in other developing nations.

Since the birth of this nation, either in war or peace, the TNI has never lost its relevance. It is this historical presence that has made it unlikely, for instance, for Indonesia to promote national reconciliation, despite demands for justice for victims, survivors and relatives of 1965. 

Each stage of modernization, or development, leads to an opportunity or the perceived “need” for military political intervention. Development needs stability and the military will fulfill it; and when a crisis happens, the military jumps to the rescue. 

Recently the military deployed its personnel to help farmers in many parts of the country support the government’s food sufficiency program. 

Not only will the program close the gap between grassroots people and their “protectors”, it will also help the military keep its relevance and credibility intact.

The two surveys carry a stern warning for civilian politicians — they must address their inferiority complex to regain public confidence. With bickering civilian politicians constantly seeking figures in uniform to boost votes, people are left with more credible-looking alternatives, like active or retired officers, regardless of whether or not they have a blood-stained past. 

The author is a staff writer at The Jakarta Post. 
2) Papua Human Development Index Remain Lowest  
1Hari ago
Jayapura, Jubi – A Papua lawmaker, Wie Long Tan, said the government and stakeholders in Papua have to find the root of economic inequality and the Human Development Index (HDI) of Papua that is still lagging behind other regions in Indonesia. He said since Papua became part of Indonesia in 1969, its human development index has been the lowest in Indonesia. Every year, tens of trillions rupiah are disbursed to Papua yet it must be acknowledged that there are errors in the process to improve the welfare of the people. “I think there is something wrong. When it comes to a great program, great planning, the money is available. Human Resources in Papua is ready. Now why do people feel is not prosperous especially people in the village and the new regencies. The government has to find the root of the problems, “said Tan, on last week. According to him, the various policies to improve the welfare of the people of Papua needs to be re-evaluated. “Supervision, program and planning needs to be improved. Besides, there is the coaching. Leadership from the top level down to take it, both the executive and the legislature directly go down to every village , “he said. This is necessary because the needs of the community in every village is different. The need of the two villages can not be used as a reference, he added. “There’s no way the needs of people in Jayapura with communities Waropen or Mamberamo. If this is done I believe the vision and mission of Papua can be realised, “he said. Desk Chair in Kemenkopolhukam Papua, Major General (TNI) Yoedhi Swastono said President Jokowi gives more attention to Papua. There are eight basic policies for Papua Jokowi as a reference in the construction ministry in Papua including welfare, education and social economy.“ There are development programs have been implementing. The emphasis of autonomy grants is on education and health. If seen since 2002-2015 has been allocated for Papua Rp52,6 trillion and West Papua was Rp15.2 trillion. Why the result was not as expected ? It should be discussed together, “said Yoedhi last week in Jakarta. (Arjuna Pademme/Tina)

3) Residents Complain of Lack of Health Workers
1 hari ago
“Health workers and doctors have not come to the work. So we reported to the department,” said secretary of the Health Care Forum (FPK), Ibrahim Kosi in Wamena on last week.Since that time there was no service in the clinic and people who seemed treatment was overwhelmed. Secretary of department of Health Jayawijaya, Sem Beay promised to call the head and staff of the health center. It was informed that the officers were not in health centres because they has not come back from the village or town since Christmas and New Year holidays. A resident of Hubikosi district, Siska Hilapok expressed her disappoinment on the lack of medical services in health centers. According to her, the reason the officer is still on holiday seemed to legitimise laziness officers ‘ to extend’ vacation time. Head of Hubikosi health centres (Puskesmas), Markus Rumere when confirmed by Jubi stated his staff and doctors did not come to the work because of the lack of vehicles. Information collected by Jubi found out that at the beginning of each year, there were no medical officer at the health center due to christmas and the new year holidays. Early 2015 also faced similar complaints of citizens and at that time Puseksmas was blocked. (Wesai H/Tina)
4) Labor Sitars is Still Wandering Outside Prison
1 hari ago
Sorong , Jubi – Convicted of money laundering and illegal logging, Labora Sitars has not returned to the Penitentiary Class IIB Sorong after given a permit to get hospital treatment for his illness. He disappeared in February 2015, a week after he want sent to prison to serve time. However it was known that he went out of prison because of illness. Now His bed was already worn. Therefore, a prison officer was forced to fold the mattress provided for him. Head of prison class IIB Sorong, Maliki, Hanafi when confirmed by Jubi on last week, said Labora Sitars is still in a secret place outside the prison. “He is in a secret place and has not been back, “said Maliki. When mentioned about the removal plan to other prison outside Papua, Maliki said that he was is still waiting for official instructions from the ministry of Law and Human Rights. If there is already a definite instructions, then certainly Labora Sitars will soon be moved from prison Class IIB Sorong. “So, we are waiting for instructions of ministry of Law and Human Rights, “he said. Attorney of Labora Sitars, Usman Hadi asserted that his client did not run away, he is in Sorong and will be going back to prison. “He’s still in Sorong Just wait, he will be back, “he said. (Niko MB/Tina)
5) No Dengue Hemorrhagic Cases in Merauke Hospital
1 hari ago
Merauke, Jubi – The head of Merauke health department, Stephen Osok said, until now, there have been no recent cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever at the Regional General Hospital and community health centres. If there were, the report has been  obtained and acted upon. “If there are reports about patients with dengue, it is not true. Because until now, the hospital has not reported yet, “said Osok to Jubi on last week. Merauke regency is included endemic area, so that in each year has always appeared a number of cases, including dengue fever. “Indeed, if there is dengue patients in the clinic, is certain to be referred to hospital for further treatment,” he said. While minister of health, dr. Nila moeloek few days ago appealed to all people to keep their house clean. “I ask that no puddles around the house and should apply three M which are drain, bury and cover the used goods. So that people will be avoided from the attack of mosquitoes, “she added. (Frans L Kobun/Tina)

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