Saturday, July 24, 2021

1) Indonesian Forces Arrest Papuan Rebel Who Escaped from Prison in 2016


2) Papua struggles to bring COVID-19 cases under control 

3) As COVID cases spread, Papuans urged to remain vigilant 
4) PON National Games can boost Papuan economy: Indef researcher 
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https://www.benarnews.org/english/news/indonesian/papua-rebels-separatist-arrested-07232021132103.html

1) Indonesian Forces Arrest Papuan Rebel Who Escaped from Prison in 2016


Ronna Nirmala Jakarta. 2021-07-23 

Updated at 3:26 p.m. ET on 2021-07-23


Papuan activists attend a protest in Surabaya to mark the Free Papua Organization’s anniversary in Indonesia, Dec. 1, 2020.


Indonesian police arrested a Papuan separatist leader who was on the run after he escaped from a prison in Papua with several others in 2016, while serving a life sentence for the killings of three police officers, officials said Friday. 

Osimin Wenda (also known as Usmin Telenggen) was picked up while riding a motorcycle in Puncak Jaya regency on Thursday morning, Papua province police spokesman Ahmad Musthofa Kamal said.

“The team stopped him in the Wandigobak village and immediately arrested him,” Kamal told BenarNews in a statement.

Osimin, 30, was arrested in 2013. The next year, a Papua court sentenced him to life in prison after finding him guilty of premeditated murder, aggravated robbery and arson attacks.

Kamal said his crimes included participating in an attack on a police station in Lanny Jaya regency that killed a local police chief and two of his subordinates in November 2012.

During the same month, Osimin and other rebels ambushed an entourage led by then-Papua police chief Tito Karnavian – now Indonesia’s minister of home affairs – in Lanny Jaya, Kamal said. There were no casualties.

Five years ago, Osimin and 13 other inmates, including several separatist rebels, escaped from the Abepura prison in Jayapura, the provincial capital. Authorities blamed the prison break on a shortage of guards.

While on the run, Osimin allegedly was involved in an attack that killed a motorcycle taxi driver in Lanny Jaya regency in 2018, Kamal said.

Sebby Sambom, a spokesman for the West Papua National Liberation Army, the armed wing of the Free Papua Movement, could not immediately be reached for comment on the arrest.

Before his first arrest in 2013, Osimin was part of a group of guerrillas under the command of Lekagak Telenggen, a rebel chief in Puncak regency.

Earlier this month, security forces arrested an alleged guerrilla, Yoniku Murib, and four others under Lekagak’s command.

While being interrogated in custody, Murib revealed that the Lekagak Telenggen group was responsible for some attacks in Puncak this year, according to Faisal Ramadhani, director of general crime investigations at the Papuan police.

A low-level separatist insurgency has simmered for decades in Indonesia’s far-eastern Papua region, which makes up the western half of New Guinea Island and comprises two provinces: Papua and West Papua.

In 1963, Indonesian forces invaded Papua and annexed it. The region, whose population is mainly Melanesian, was incorporated formally into Indonesia after a U.N.-sponsored ballot called the Act of Free Choice in 1969.

Locals and activists said the vote was a sham vote because only about 1,000 people took part. However, the United Nations accepted the result, which essentially endorsed Jakarta’s rule. 

The natural resource-rich region remains among Indonesia’s poorest and underdeveloped ones.


Police honor guards stand near the coffin of one of their officers in Mimika, Indonesia, a day after he was killed in a gun battle between police and separatist rebels in the Papua region, April 28, 2021. [AFP]


Recent violence

Kamal said the security situation had improved in Papua after a spate of rebel attacks on civilians and clashes between insurgents and security forces in the past few months.

“Thank God, the past few days have been calm,” Kamal said. 

“Investigations, arrests and operations to hunt armed criminal groups are still being carried out by joint forces.”

In the latest incidents, rebels opened fire on security personnel who were guarding food supplies in Nduga regency on July 6, wounding three soldiers, Jayapura military commander Brig. Gen. Izak Pangemanan told the state-run Antara news agency.

On July 11, a police officer was wounded in a shootout with insurgents in Yahukimo regency. A day later, two soldiers were injured in a shootout with another group of rebels in Nduga, said regional military chief Maj. Gen. Ignatius Yogo Triyono.

Late last month, suspected separatist rebels killed four construction workers and took four people hostage in Yahukimo regency. Police said the hostages were later freed.

In April, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo ordered security forces to step up efforts to eradicate the armed groups after separatist insurgents assassinated an army general, who was also the regional chief of Indonesia’s intelligence agency.

As part of the crackdown, the government declared the separatist rebels a terrorist group. The designation alarmed rights activists who said it could lead to more human rights abuses against Papuan people.

Cahyo Pamungkas, a researcher on Papua at the Indonesian Institute of Sciences, said the designation of separatists as terrorists meant that dialogue was increasingly out of reach.

“The result is that the authorities will become more and more overzealous in anti-insurgency operations. There are no more overtures for dialogue and violence and military force has become a solution,” Cahyo told BenarNews.







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2) Papua struggles to bring COVID-19 cases under control 
 5 hours ago

Papua has been struggling to cope with a drastic rise in COVID-19 cases over the past few weeks, with the Delta variant of the coronavirus beginning to tighten its grip on Indonesia's easternmost province.

 
Cases of the more contagious and transmissible Delta variant in Merauke district were confirmed quite recently by the Health Ministry's Health Research and Development Agency (Litbangkes).

 
As disclosed by the Merauke COVID-19 task force spokesperson, Neville Maskita, on July 20, 2021, the cases of the Delta variant were confirmed based on lab tests of samples sent to the agency's laboratory.

 
"The Litbangkes announced on Monday evening (July 20, 2021) that the COVID-19 Delta variant had spread to Merauke, Papua, based on the lab test results of samples sent to the agency," Maskita said.

 
On July 22, the task force recorded 421 COVID-19 cases, with the majority of patients placed in self-isolation and 40 hospitalized at the Merauke public hospital.

 
To deal with the COVID-19 surge in the district, the task force has asked the Health Ministry to deliver more medical oxygen and ventilators. "May the ministry meet our request," Maskita said.

 
Currently, coronavirus infections have spread to 18 districts and cities across the province, according to the Papua COVID-19 task force.

Related news: Papua planning partial lockdown in August: official

 
Six of the affected areas are located in Papua's mountainous regions in the districts of Jayawijaya, Lanny Jaya, Tolikara, Pegunungan Bintang, Paniai, and Puncak Jaya, the task force's spokesperson, Silwanus Sumule, said.

 
The 12 other affected regions comprise Jayapura City and the districts of Jayapura, Merauke, Boven Digul, Asmat, Mappi, Mimika, Biak Numfor, Supiori, Kepulauan Yapen, Nabire, and Keerom.

 
On July 21, Papua recorded 570 additional cases, bringing the total number of infections since the pandemic struck the province last year to 31,204 .

 
Of the total number of COVID-19 patients, 24,825 have fully recovered from the infection, 688 others have succumbed to the virus, and 5,691 remain hospitalized, Sumule informed.

 
"Local residents are again requested to keep complying with the government's health protocols anytime they do outdoor activities," he said.

 
Amid the alarming spike in infections, the Papua administration has asked residents to be prepared for a month-long lockdown in August, 2021 after the micro-scale public activity restrictions (PPKM Mikro) end on July 25.

 
During the lockdown, all entry points to Papua province would be closed to curb an exponential increase in COVID-19 infections in communities, spokesperson for the Papua governor, Muhammad Rifai Darus, said earlier.

 
The detailed rules of the lockdown, which would entail the closure of airports and seaports from August 1 to August 31, 2021, were deliberated at the Papua COVID-19 task force's meeting on July 21, he informed.

 
On July 19, 2021, Papua Governor Lukas Enembe and his counterparts from all over Indonesia held a virtual meeting with President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) to discuss the country's COVID-19 pandemic situation, he said.

 
Following the meeting, Governor Enembe initiated a meeting with his subordinates to discuss Papua's COVID-19 pandemic situation, he added.

 
Enembe also issued a letter, No.440/7736/SET, notifying the enforcement of PPKM Mikro until July 25, 2021, Darus said.

Related news: Prepare for lockdown in August, Papuans warned

 
Though the Papua administration has been regularly evaluating the enforcement of the PPKM Mikro, the governor has instructed all authorities to intensify coordinated COVID-19 mitigation efforts, he added.

 Papua has come under the spotlight of Indonesia's media outlets as it is scheduled to host this year's PON National Games and National Para Games (Peparnas).

 
The PON National Games will take place in Jayapura City and the districts of Jayapura, Mimika, and Merauke from October 2 to October 15, while the Peparnas will be held from November 2 to November 15.

 
At least 6,400 athletes and 3,500 officials from 34 provinces across Indonesia are expected to participate in Papua's PON National Games, which will feature 37 events.

 
Meanwhile, 1,935 athletes and 740 officials will take part in the National Para Games in Jayapura City and Jayapura district, which will feature 12 events.


Related news: As COVID cases spread, Papuans urged to remain vigilant

 
To ensure the safety of athletes and officials participating in the PON National Games and National Para Games, President Widodo has asked the concerned agencies to inoculate all athletes.

 
The President has also instructed that local residents living near all venues of the sporting events and athletes' villages be vaccinated, according to Youth and Sports Minister Zainudin Amali.

 
The Papua administration is striving to flatten the COVID-19 curve though the situation seems to have become quite challenging for the province's healthcare system, with several hospitals overwhelmed with COVID-19 patients.

 
To address this situation, Papua cannot work alone. The central government and all related stakeholders must assist the province to bring the soaring COVID-19 cases under control.

 
It is time to show the spirit of "gotong royong" (mutual cooperation) and a true sense of Indonesianness to the Papua administration and people in dire need of help in the province.


Related news: Papua PON to boost local economy: Jayapura District Head

Related news: PON National Games can boost Papuan economy: Indef researcher

By Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Fardah Assegaf


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3) As COVID cases spread, Papuans urged to remain vigilant 
 8 hours ago




Several COVID-19 patients are treated outside the Jayapura Public Hospital's intensive care unit facilities, as a temporary measure, as the hospital has run out of beds. (ANTARA/HO/pihak ketiga)

Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA) - The Papua COVID-19 task force has asked locals to remain vigilant as coronavirus infections have currently spread to 18 districts and cities in the province amid the continued threat posed by the Delta variant.

Six of the affected areas are located in Papua's mountainous regions in the districts of Jayawijaya, Lanny Jaya, Tolikara, Pegunungan Bintang, Paniai, and Puncak Jaya, task force spokesperson Silwanus Sumule informed.

Twelve other affected regions are Jayapura City and the districts of Jayapura, Merauke, Boven Digul, Asmat, Mappi, Mimika, Biak Numfor, Supiori, Kepulauan Yapen, Nabire, and Keerom, he said.

On July 21, 2021, Papua added 570 COVID-19 cases, bringing the total number of infections since the pandemic hit the province last year to 31,204, he said in a statement received by ANTARA on Saturday.

Of the total COVID-19 patients, 24,825 have fully recovered from the infection, 688 others have succumbed to the virus, while 5,691 remain hospitalized, Sumule informed.

"Local residents are again requested to keep complying with the government's health protocols anytime they do outdoor activities," he said.

Amid the alarming trend in infections, the Papua administration has asked residents to be prepared for a month-long lockdown in August, 2021 after the micro-scale public activity restrictions (PPKM Mikro) end on July 25.

Related news: Prepare for lockdown in August, Papuans warned

During the lockdown, all entry points to Papua province would be closed to curb an exponential increase in COVID-19 infections in communities, spokesperson for the Papua governor, Muhammad Rifai Darus, said earlier.

The detailed rules of the lockdown, which would entail the closure of airports and seaports from August 1 to August 31, 2021, were deliberated at the Papua COVID-19 Task Force's meeting on July 21, 2021, he informed.

On July 19, 2021, Papua Governor Lukas Enembe along with his counterparts from all over Indonesia held a virtual meeting with President Joko Widodo to discuss the country's COVID-19 pandemic situation, he said.

Following the meeting with President Widodo, Governor Enembe initiated a meeting with his subordinates to discuss Papua's COVID-19 pandemic situation, he added.

Related news: Papua planning partial lockdown in August: official

Enembe also issued a letter, No.440/7736/SET, notifying the enforcement of PPKM Mikro until July 25, 2021, Darus said.

The Papua administration has been regularly evaluating the enforcement of the PPKM Mikro, but the governor has instructed all authorities to intensify coordinated COVID-19 mitigation efforts, he added.

Papua will host this year's PON National Games, which are scheduled to take place in Jayapura City and the districts of Jayapura, Mimika, and Merauke from October 2 to October 15, 2021, as well as the National Para Games (Peparnas) that will be held from November 2 to November 15.

Related news: Indonesian women's doubles pair Polii-Rahayu win Olympic opening match

Related news: Mimika government urges president to consider about hosting PON XX

Reporter: Evarukdijati, Rahmad Nasution

Editor: Fardah Assegaf


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4) PON National Games can boost Papuan economy: Indef researcher 
 7 hours ago

Jakarta (ANTARA) - Convening of the 2021 PON National Games in Papua could drive the local economy if economic events take place in concert with the Games, Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (Indef) researcher Bhima stated.

"The continuation of construction projects (in Papua) is one example of a project that could be synchronised with the PON event," Indef researcher Bhima noted here today.

Bhima particularised that proper supporting infrastructure, encompassing athletes lodging and reliable internet connection facilities, were required to hold the Games, thereby making the local construction sector crucial. The locals will also be offered new job opportunities in the construction sector.

Moreover, the Indef researcher noted that the local food and beverage industry offered business opportunities for entrepreneurs to promote local foods. He cited an example from the 2018 Asian Games hosted in Jakarta and Palembang when demand for Palembang’s local delicacy of fried fishcake pempek had spiked significantly.

"Papua also has other unique local delicacies, such as lontar milk pie cake, bagea sago cake, Manokwari's roasted fish, and papeda sago congee. (Entrepreneurs) are required to only prepare an eye-catching packaging and engage in aggressive promotion at online marketplaces for market survival after the conclusion of the Games," Bhima explained.

Related news: Mimika government urges president to consider about hosting PON XX

Apart from construction and food industries, Bhima also suggested local car renting companies to join the economy bandwagon during the Games, consequently kickstarting the recovery of local transportation businesses.

The Papuan government also expects economic development sparked by the PON National Games, scheduled in October 2021, to continue after the conclusion of the Games, particularly in the local micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSME) sector.

Papua Province Regional Secretariat Deputy for Economy and People's Welfare Muhammad Musa'ad stated that the 2021 PON National Games should offer a momentum for entrepreneurs to develop their businesses.

"As in arranging an orchestra, we are striving to first create synergy and fusion from all business sectors (in Papua) for our economic development," Musa'ad stated in Jayapura on Tuesday (July 13). 
Related news: Papuan entrepreneurs roped in for PON, Peparnas: MSMEs Office
Related news: Obeying health protocols is key to successful convening of Papua's PON


   

Reporter: M Baqir Idrus, Nabil Ihsan
Editor: Suharto

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Thursday, July 22, 2021

1) Delta taking hold of Indonesia's Papua



2) Papua Hospital Purchases Oxygen Production Machine from France
3) Babinsa personnel allegedly shot civilian in Papua’s Mappi

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https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/coronavirus/delta-taking-hold-of-indonesias-papua-c-3477221

1) Delta taking hold of Indonesia's Papua

Agustinus Beo Da Costa AAP

July 22, 2021 4:33PM

 

Hospitals in Indonesia's easternmost region of Papua are nearing full capacity amid a surge in COVID-19 cases, with health officials bracing for the full impact of the virulent Delta variant on one of the country's least-developed areas.

The bed occupancy rate at some hospitals in Papua province had reached 100 per cent, with emergency units and tents being used to treat COVID-19 patients, Dr Aaron Rumainum, head of the Papua health agency's disease control and prevention unit, said.

"We have the same problem as Java. Isolation rooms are full and there is a lack of oxygen," he told Reuters, adding the Delta variant, first identified in India, had now been detected in the province.

Indonesia is in the throes of a raging coronavirus epidemic, with shortages of hospital beds and oxygen reported across the capital Jakarta, and other parts of densely populated Java island - a situation now fanning out to less developed regions.

Across Papua province the bed occupancy rate was about 57 per cent but in the provincial capital of Jayapura it was more than 96 per cent, said Silwanus Sumule, COVID-19 taskforce spokesperson and deputy director of the Jayapura General Hospital (RSUD).

There were currently 47 people waiting in the corridors, unable to get a room, he said.

"Maybe 47 isn't a lot in places like Java, but it's really big here," he said. "We've never experienced this before, placing patients in corridors like that."

Indonesia's Papuan region, divided into the two provinces of West Papua and Papua, has poorly equipped health facilities and low vaccination rates, leaving it dangerously exposed to the virus.

"Before COVID, there was already endemic disease in Papua that was not well handled, such as malaria and tuberculosis, let alone this emergency situation," said Adriana Elisabeth, a political analyst from the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) who researches Papua.

"If the government does not restrict mobility, the healthcare system will certainly collapse."

Earlier this week, Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said he was considering blocking access in and out of the province to curb the spread of COVID-19, according to media reports.

Based on data from Indonesia's ministry of health, Papua has one of the lowest vaccination rates in the country, with less than 6 per cent of people fully vaccinated, while positivity rates have surpassed 31 per cent.

Activists say vaccination levels have remained stubbornly low in part because some indigenous Papuans distrust the central government, while nurses in the region say disinformation about the pandemic is rampant.

Adding to the complexity of a health response, a low-level insurgency for Papuan independence has simmered for decades and many may be wary of cooperating with authorities particularly if security forces are involved.

Indonesia has reported more than 2.9 million coronavirus cases and 77,000 deaths since the start of the pandemic, with an accelerating caseload and high death rate making the country the current epicentre of Asia's outbreak.

Public health experts say the true number of infections is likely several times higher.

Indonesia's death rate from COVID-19 was more than three times the global rate as of July 20, based on Our World in Data figures.


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2) Papua Hospital Purchases Oxygen Production Machine from France
Translator: internship, Editor: Laila Afifa
22 July 2021 20:00 WIB

TEMPO.COJakarta - The number of Covid-19 positive cases in Indonesia has drastically increased, including in the Papua Province. The latest data released in the official website covid19.papua.go.idon July 22, shows that to date, there are 29,047 confirmed Covid cases in Indonesia's easternmost province.

In response to this, the Jayapura Regional General Hospital (RSUD Jayapura) has procured a medical oxygen production machine from France. It is expected to arrive in Jayapura City, Papua in early August.

Along with the increase in Covid-19 patients, the need for oxygen to treat the patients continues to increase as well. Meanwhile, the availability of oxygen at the hospital is still limited. Therefore, it decided to purchase a medical oxygen production machine,, as stated by Aloysius Giayi, Director of the Jayapura Regional Hospital.

"Currently, the RSUD Jayapura requires around 200 oxygen tanks to treat Covid-19 patients and general patients. Meanwhile, the available oxygen tanks are very limited," Giyai said as quoted by Tempo from Teras.id, Thursday, July 22, 2021.

It would approximately take one week to install the machine. Giayi explained that after the installation, they will then be able to start to produce oxygen the following week. "We can produce around 300 tanks per day," he said

Deputy Director of RSUD Jayapura, Silwanus Sumule, who is also the spokesperson for the Covid-19 Task Force, said that starting in August, the Papua hospital will be able to produce its own oxygen.

"For now, we will only produce oxygen for the needs of Covid-19 patients at RSUD Jayapura. In the future, we hope to produce medical oxygen for other hospitals,” said Sumule.

Read: Papuans Urged to Keep Obeying Health Protocols amid COVID-19 Surge

MAGHVIRA ARZAQ KARIMA | Maudey K. Setyakusuma (Intern)

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https://en.jubi.co.id/babinsa-personnel-allegedly-shot-civilian-in-papuas-mappi/


3) Babinsa personnel allegedly shot civilian in Papua’s Mappi
News Desk July 22, 2021
Jayapura, Jubi – Civilian Yosep Samogoi (26) has been allegedly shot by an Indonesian soldier named Syarifudin of the 1707-07/Kepi Subdistrict Military Command on Friday, July 16, 2021 in Kanami Village, Mappi Regency.

 

Syarifudin is personnel of Babinsa, or the Indonesian Military’s (TNI) village supervisory non-commissioned officers, whose job is to secure public order in villages in remote areas across Indonesia.


Syarifudin allegedly shot Yosep after the victim tried to help his brother, Anes Samogoi, who first got hit by Syarifudin to the ground.


According to the victim’s family, two gunshots were heard during the incident. The first shot missed while the second one hit Yosep in the left thigh, causing serious injuries.

 

 

Apart from being a member of the TNI, Syarifudin is known for his role in the agarwood business in the local area. Meanwhile, the Samogoi brothers worked as agarwood seekers.

 

Yosep is currently being treated in the Mappi General Hospital. His family hopes that the police will arrest the perpetrator and provide fair legal sanctions, as well as restore the victim’s health and rights.

 

Following the shooting of Yosep Samogoi, around  30 Indonesian civil society organizations lambasted the actions of state officials who carried out violence, torture, and anything that degraded a person’s dignity, threatened and took a person’s life.

 

“Violence approach by the TNI and police is an ongoing issue in Papua. In 2020, Marius Betera was persecuted by the Boven Digoel police. It is suspected that the victim died as a result of violence. A few months later, the Pantas Task Force in Boven Digoel tortured Oktovianus Betera to his death,” activist YL Franky said in a written statement on Sunday.

 

According to Franky, past persecutions by security forces had never made it to the court. “The police tends to cover up violence by intimidating the victim’s family such as guarding the victim’s residence, guarding the clinic or hospital where the victim is being treated, or asking the family not to publish the cases of violence,” he said.

 

When requested confirmation, XVII/Cenderawasih’s head of Military Area Infomation Lt. Arm. Reza Nur Patria told Jubi that he was still looking for more detailed information.

 

“I’m still looking for the information. Any progress will be communicated,” Patria said.

 

Reporter: Victor Mambor 

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Wednesday, July 21, 2021

1) Merauke reports COVID-19 Delta variant outbreak


2) Govt to involve local figures to publicize renewed Papua autonomy law  
3) Freeport Indonesia cancels Tsingshan copper smelter plans
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1) Merauke reports COVID-19 Delta variant outbreak
 News Desk July 21, 2021 7:34 pm

Merauke, Jubi – In light of the surge in COVID-19 cases, Merauke Health Agency head Nevil Muskita has confirmed that the Delta variant of the coronavirus, or B.1.617.2, has been detected in the regency.

 

The variant is known to have infected ten people in Merauke, as revealed through whole genome sequencing tests conducted by the Health Ministry’s Health Research and Development Agency (Litbangkes) in Jakarta
Previously, 13 samples of the COVID-19 patients in Merauke were sent to the Litbangkes laboratory in late June.

“I received a report last night that of the 13 samples sent and tested, ten were detected with the Deltan strain,” Muskita told Jubi in a phone call on Tuesday, July 20, 2021.

 

With ten people had tested positive for the Delta variant of COVID-19, Nevil added, it could be inferred that the spike of cases in the past two months was due to Delta variant transmission of 80 percent.

 

“The delta variant transmission, which is very contagious, lead to more than 400 COVID-19 cases in the region,” said Muskita.

 

Muskita further appealed to the people, especially the people who lived near the Papua New Guinea border, to comply with health protocols such as wearing masks, washing hands, and avoiding crowds, to curb the COVID-19 transmission.

 

“Otherwise, the number of COVID-19 cases will continue to increase because the Delta variant is highly contagious,” he said.

 

Meanwhile, Merauke General Hospital director Yenni Mahuze said that 89 medical workers in COVID-19 hospitals in the region were tested positive for COVID-19.

 

Following the surge in COVID-19 cases, the Papua provincial government will suspend all passenger travel from August 1 to 31. All flights and sea travel will be closed for a month.

 

“Governor Lukas Enembe asks the people of Papua to prepare for the upcoming lockdown. The Papua government will ban travel starting August 1 until 31,” governor’s spokesperson Muhammad Rifai Darus said in a written statement on Tuesday.

 

Reporter: Ans K
Editor: Dewi Wulandari



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2) Govt to involve local figures to publicize renewed Papua autonomy law  
4 hours ago

Jakarta (ANTARA) - The Jayapura city administration is planning to launch a public awareness campaign on the renewed Papua special autonomy law by involving religious, customary, and youth figures from native Papuan communities.

 
The awareness program is expected to apprise the city's residents of the newly-enacted legislation and what it will entail, the Jayapura city government's secretary, Frans Pekey, told ANTARA in a phone interview from Jakarta on Wednesday.

 
"Surely, local religious, customary, and youth figures will be engaged to help improve the legal knowledge of the city's residents, particularly related to the amended chapters," he said.

 
After several months of deliberations, the House of Representatives (DPR) ratified the bill amending the Papua Special Autonomy Law No.21 of 2001 during a plenary session on July 15, 2021.

 
The newly-enacted bill accommodates 18 revised chapters and two new chapters, according to the head of the House's Special Committee for Amending the Papua Special Autonomy Law, Komarudin Watubun.

 
The enacted bill has accommodated the need to regulate the privileges of indigenous Papuans in political, education, health, labor, and economic sectors, as well as to support customary communities, he said.

 
It offers more room to native Papuans to get involved in politics and in such organizations as the Papuan People's Assembly (MRP) and Papua legislative councils (DPRK) in districts/cities.

 
At least 250 seats will now be reserved for native Papuans in district- and city-level Papua legislative councils (DPRK), Watubun disclosed. At the same time, 30 percent of the DPRK seats will be reserved for native Papuan women, he added.


Related news: House passes Papua special autonomy bill at plenary session
 
On Wednesday, Pekey said the planned awareness campaign is part of confidence-building measures as several community members remain skeptical about the newly-enacted bill.

 
The public awareness campaign will be the first step to help residents understand the benefits of the renewed law in order that they are well-prepared for its implementation, he added.

 Highlighting the importance of the newly-enacted bill, House Speaker Puan Maharani earlier said it was long-awaited by native Papuan communities of Papua and West Papua.

 
In response to the enactment of the bill, West Papua Governor Dominggus Mandacan thanked the House members and the central government on behalf of his people and administration.

Related news: Papua, West Papua welcome revised special autonomy law

 
The passing of the revised Papua special autonomy law by the House will be a milestone for sustainable development and help boost the prosperity of all indigenous Papuans in the two provinces, he said.

 
Speaking at a press conference in Manokwari, the capital of West Papua province on July 15, 2021, Mandacan urged all native communities in Papua and West Papua to welcome the legislation.

 
Native Papuans must try not be roused by the objections and reservations against the extension of the Papua special autonomy law that certain parties have repeatedly echoed, he advised.

 
Instead, they must support the sustainability of regional development programs in Papua and West Papua to help accelerate the government's endeavors to improve prosperity of all Papuans, he added.

 
The Papua Special Autonomy Law No. 21 of 2001, which had been in force for nearly two decades and had paved the way for a significant amount of funds to flow into Papua and West Papua, was set to expire in November this year.


Related news: Shopping centers ask govt to subsidize 50% of workers' salaries


Related news: President calls for prompt disbursal of social aid


 

Reporter: Putu IS, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Fardah Assegaf


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https://www.reuters.com/article/indonesia-freeport-mcmoran-copper/update-2-freeport-indonesia-cancels-tsingshan-copper-smelter-plans-idUSL1N2OR0TT

3) Freeport Indonesia cancels Tsingshan copper smelter plans

By Bernadette Christina

2 MIN READ

JAKARTA (Reuters) -American mining giant Freeport McMoRan will not proceed with plans to build a new copper smelter with China’s Tsingshan Holding Group, its local Indonesian unit, PT Freeport Indonesia’s spokesman told Reuters on Thursday.

Indonesian authorities have for months said that a deal would be made between Freeport Indonesia and the Chinese steel and nickel company to build a new copper smelter worth $2.8 billion.

“(We) could not reach an agreement,” Freeport Indonesia’s spokesman Riza Pratama said.

Instead, Freeport Indonesia will go ahead with plans to build a new smelter near its existing copper refining operations in Gresik, East Java.

Freeport Indonesia separately announced on Thursday that it had signed an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract with Japanese engineering company Chiyoda to build the new Gresik smelter, which will have a capacity of 1.7 million tonnes of copper concentrate a year.

The two companies will also build a precious metal refinery nearby.

“This contract signing affirms Freeport Indonesia’s commitment to build a smelter in accordance with divestment agreement in 2018,” PT Freeport Indonesia president director Tony Wenas said in the statement, without disclosing how much the deal was worth.

Tsingshan Holding Group did not immediately respond to requests for comments. The new copper smelter that it wanted to build with Freeport in Weda Bay would have been Tsingshan’s first copper project.

It is building nickel and aluminum smelters in Indonesia.

Reporting by Bernadette Christina Munthe; Additional reporting by Tom Daly; Writing by Fathin UngkuEditing by David Goodman, Kirsten Donovan

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Tuesday, July 20, 2021

1) New deal, old approach


2) Interim President Benny Wenda: Western powers must give vaccines direct to West Papua now
3) Protesters arrested in Sorong at rally against Papuan special autonomy
4) 714,000 people from 112 organisations said to oppose Papuan special autonomy
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1)  New deal, old approach 
- Editorial - The Jakarta Post".


Editorial board (The Jakarta Post) Jakarta   ●   Wed, July 21, 2021 


The unanimous House of Representatives decision last week to endorse the revised Papuan Special Autonomy Law shows, yet again, the propensity of the Jakarta elite to dictate the future of the territory, despite persistent calls to honor local demands. 

This “new deal” is not likely to end violence in the resource-rich provinces, which stems in large part from Jakarta’s refusal to settle past human rights abuses there. On paper, the revision offers some of the substantial changes needed to help Papuans close the gap with the rest of the nation. For example, it extends special autonomy funding for Papua and West Papua to 2041 and increases its amount from 2 percent to 2.25 percent of the general allocation fund, with a particular focus on health and education. 

The Finance Ministry estimates that over the next 20 years, the two provinces will receive Rp 234.6 trillion (US$16 billion). The revisions also strengthen initiatives to empower native Papuans in the policy-making process by allocating one fourth of the Regional Legislative Council to native, nonpartisan Papuans by appointment. 

They also mandate that 30 percent of those seats go to native Papuan women. 

Under the new law, a new institution will be established to “synchronize, harmonize, evaluate and coordinate” the implementation of special autonomy. Headed by the Vice President, the new body will answer to the President and will have a secretariat in Papua. 

The previous government formed a presidential unit to accelerate development in Papua and West Papua (UP4B), but President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo dissolved it shortly after taking office in 2014. The chairman of the special House committee deliberating the revision, Komarudin Watubun, a Papuan, described the new law as “a breakthrough” as it would require the government to consult the Papuan and West Papuan governments in the drafting of implementing regulations. 

But this is where the core problem of the special autonomy law lies. In democracy, respecting the will of the public, including dissenting views, is vital to the lawmaking process, precisely because the laws will affect that public. Public scrutiny should precede rather than follow a law, but in the case of the special autonomy law, that mechanism was dropped from the House’s deliberation, which lasted seven months, under the pretext of social distancing to contain the spread of COVID-19. 

The Jakarta elite have clearly left the Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP) behind as a representation of the customs and will of the provinces’ people, as well as the Papuan Legislative Council (DPRP), not to mention civil society groups, tribes and those who mistrust special autonomy and the government. 

In the words of MRP chief Timotius Murib, the revisions reveal Jakarta’s lack of good intentions for Papuan development. This is not the first time the executive and legislative powers have colluded to bypass public consultation on a highly controversial bill. The tactic worked in the passage of the Job Creation Law last year, as well as the new Mining Law, and the approach is apparently repeating in the ongoing deliberation of the Criminal Code revision. As long as the obsolete, Jakarta-centered approach remains intact, Papuan peace and prosperity will remain elusive. 




Under the new law, a new institution will be established to “synchronize, harmonize, evaluate and coordinate” the implementation of special autonomy. Headed by the Vice President, the new body will answer to the President and will have a secretariat in Papua. 

The previous government formed a presidential unit to accelerate development in Papua and West Papua (UP4B), but President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo dissolved it shortly after taking office in 2014. The chairman of the special House committee deliberating the revision, Komarudin Watubun, a Papuan, described the new law as “a breakthrough” as it would require the government to consult the Papuan and West Papuan governments in the drafting of implementing regulations. But this is where the core problem of the special autonomy law lies. 

In democracy, respecting the will of the public, including dissenting views, is vital to the lawmaking process, precisely because the laws will affect that public. Public scrutiny should precede rather than follow a law, but in the case of the special autonomy law, that mechanism was dropped from the House’s deliberation, which lasted seven months, under the pretext of social distancing to contain the spread of COVID-19. 

The Jakarta elite have clearly left the Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP) behind as a representation of the customs and will of the provinces’ people, as well as the Papuan Legislative Council (DPRP), not to mention civil society groups, tribes and those who mistrust special autonomy and the government. In the words of MRP chief Timotius Murib, the revisions reveal Jakarta’s lack of good intentions for Papuan development. This is not the first time the executive and legislative powers have colluded to bypass public consultation on a highly controversial bill. The tactic worked in the passage of the Job Creation Law last year, as well as the new Mining Law, and the approach is apparently repeating in the ongoing deliberation of the Criminal Code revision. 

As long as the obsolete, Jakarta-centered approach remains intact, Papuan peace and prosperity will remain elusive. 


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https://www.ulmwp.org/interim-president-benny-wenda-western-powers-must-give-vaccines-direct-to-west-papua-now

2) Interim President Benny Wenda: Western powers must give vaccines direct to West Papua now

July 20, 2021 in Statement

As the Interim President of the Provisional Government of West Papua, I have today written to the foreign ministers of Britain, Australia, New Zealand and the US asking for urgent humanitarian assistance in the form of direct vaccine supply to West Papua. I have also written to the President of the European Commission, the WHO and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights regarding the escalating Covid-19 situation in our land. This new crisis is a further existential threat to my people.

As we have warned, Indonesia has caused a double crisis for the people of West Papua by launching military operations in the midst of the pandemic. Just yesterday, villagers from the West Moskona District were attacked by troops after attending a peaceful worship session against ‘Special Autonomy’, fleeing to the forests and the city of Bintuni. Woman and children are afraid to return to their villages in case the military and police arrest or attack them.

Over 50,000 have been displaced in Nduga, Puncak and Intan Jaya over the past two and a half years. Their homes have been destroyed, their churches burned and their schools occupied by soldiers. They are left in internal displacement camps, where the virus will spread rapidly. Already in the cities, patients are being turned away or treated in cars outside the hospital.

Western countries and the WHO have an urgent moral obligation to give vaccine doses direct the local Papuan government for distribution. As the 2018 Asmat health crisis showed, Jakarta cannot be trusted with the health of the West Papuan people. Over nearly 60 years of colonisation we have seen a chronic failure to develop health facilities in West Papua, leaving us dying on top of the natural riches Indonesia is extracting. If Jakarta is allowed to hold the reigns of vaccine development, my people will further suffer.

These events are part of the continued genocide against my people. Our forests have been torn down, our mountains decapitated, our way of life destroyed. Indonesia restricts healthcare and enforces a colonial education whilst killing anyone who speaks out for self-determination. Launching military operations in the middle of a pandemic is a policy designed to further wipe out our population. We need urgent international assistance, direct to the local Papuan government, not through the colonial occupier.

Benny Wenda
Interim President
ULMWP Provisional Government


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https://www.indoleft.org/news/2021-07-19/protesters-arrested-in-sorong-at-rally-against-papuan-special-autonomy.html

3) Protesters arrested in Sorong at rally against Papuan special autonomy
Suara Papua – July 19, 2021



                    Protesters being taken to Sorong district police headquarters – July 19, 2021 (Istimewa) 

 Jayapura – A number of demonstrators from the People's Front Against Special Autonomy Chapter II were reportedly arrested and taken to the Sorong city municipal police headquarters when they wanted to hold a peaceful demonstration in front of the Sorong Regional House of Representatives (DPRD) on Monday July 19.

Some of those arrested and taken away were reportedly in the process of giving speeches.

Earlier, the liaison officer for the group told Suara Papua that in the 20 years of special autonomy (Otsus) in Papua it has not brought any significant changes, whether it be in terms of education, the economy or healthcare.

Moreover, under special autonomy there has been no protection or empowerment for the people in Papua.

"Otsus has been unable to protect the human rights of the Papuan people who are said to be the object of Otsus itself. If we look at the era of special autonomy, it has been proved that many human rights violations have been committed by the Indonesian state through its military, such as killings, rapes, coercion, shootings and sexual harassment against Papuan women", wrote the group in a release received by Suara Papua on Sunday July 18.

Then, the group continued, racial discrimination in the legal, political and social sectors still often occurs in a way that is structured and massive. But all of these problems are born out of special autonomy which has been covered up by the government by development masked as welfare in Papua.

"The government always lies to the Papuan people about the success of Otsus through the government media which is specifically used for propaganda in order to convince the Papuan people about Otsus which has actually failed", they asserted.

Special autonomy was given to the Papuan people as a sweetener to contain the real wishes being articulated by the Papuan people. Then the ones who enjoy the substance of special autonomy are the Jakarta elite and the national bourgeois and oligarchy with interests in Papua.

"The new revisions to the Otsus Law in Papua represent the wishes of the national bourgeois to pursue their economic and political interests in the land of Papua. If we were to agree with Otsus Chapter Two, then we ourselves would carry the future of the nation, our grandchildren and [next] generation towards to the precipice", they said in conclusion.

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was "Polisi Angkut Sejumlah Demonstran dari FRP Tolak Otsus di Sorong".]

Source: https://suarapapua.com/2021/07/19/polisi-angkut-sejumlah-demonstran-dari-frp-tolak-otsus-di-sorong/



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4) 714,000 people from 112 organisations said to oppose Papuan special autonomy
CNN Indonesia – July 16, 2021

Jakarta – As many as 714,066 Papuans and 112 organisations which are part of the Papuan People's Petition (PRP) are said to reject the enactment into law of revisions to Law Number 21/2001 on Papua Special Autonomy (Otsus). They believe that special autonomy is not the answer to resolving the problems in the land of Papua.

"There's no such thing as Otsus in the Papuan people's dictionary. The Papuan people are asking for the right to self-determination", said Rawarap from the group West Papua Youth and Student National Solidarity (Sonamapa) during a PRP event broadcast on the Suara Papua TV YouTube channel on Friday July 16.

Rawarap believes that special autonomy is a product conceived out of an illicit affair between the political elite in Papua and Jakarta. According to Rawarap, the policy has not accommodated the Papuan people at all.

"Otsus is like an illegitimate child conceived during a sex party between the Papua elite and the Jakarta elite. We explicitly reject Otsus because Otsus is an illicit product. It's the result of an illicit affair", he added.

Rawarap said that the decision by the House of Representatives (DPR) to ratify the revisions into law will not in any way make Papuans feel proud. Because over the 20 years of its implementation special autonomy has been proven to have failed to bring prosperity to the Papuan people.

"The fact also is that many have already explained that over the 20 years Otsus has been in force in the land of Papua, there are still many mama-mama[traditional Papuan women traders] who sell on the side of the road. Still using cardboard, sacks as mats, sitting on the road selling areca", he said.

"The fact also is that there are still many Papuan children who drop out of school and cannot continue their studies at tertiary institutions because education is expensive, yet there is money from Otsus. But, the fact is that many Papuan children drop out of study or do not continue school, the unemployment rate is high, what's to be proud of with Otsus?", he asked.

He then touched on the findings of the National Statistics Agency (BPS) which says that the Human Development Index for Papua and West Papua provinces are the lowest in the country despite Otsus being in place for two decades.

"Sonamapa along with the 112 organisations involved in the Papua People's Petition reject Otsus, we explicitly state that we reject Otsus Chapter II resulting out of secret revisions [to the Otsus Law] by the [DPR's] special committee", he asserted.

PRP spokesperson Sam Awom said that group rejects all forms of compromise with any deliberations on special autonomy which fail to involve the ordinary Papuan people. He also asked policy makers to return a mandate to the Papuan people to determine their own future.

"We demand the imitate return to the Papuan people [the right] to choose and determine their own future on whether they accept Otsus or independence as a country", said Awom in reading out a statement.

Awom declared that they will hold a national strike if the demands of the Papuan people are not followed up.

"If the petition [against Otsus] is not followed up, then we will hold a national, peaceful civil strike throughout the territory of West Papua", he asserted.

Coordinating Minister for Security, Politics and Legal Affairs Mahfud MD has stated that the government will prioritise dialogue with separatists in Papua and use law enforcement against armed criminal groups (KKB).

"On the Papua issue the government will use an approach prioritising prosperity which is comprehensive and covers all aspects. In confronting separatism, the government will prioritise dialogue", he said in a press release received by CNN Indonesia on Friday. (ryn/pmg)

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was "714 Ribu Orang dan 112 Organisasi Diklaim Tolak Otsus Papua".]

Source: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210716190948-32-668829/714-ribu-orang-dan-112-organisasi-diklaim-tolak-otsus-papua


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