Wednesday, June 20, 2012

1) Govt has been talking to Papuan separatists since December: Djoko


1) Govt has been talking to Papuan separatists since December: Djoko
2) 'Indonesian Government Cannot Referee Papua Conflict': Pastor
3) Autonomy model for Papua ‘needs altering’
5) Papua election awaits court over DPRP role
6) Papua Reports Another Death in Latest Tribal Clash

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1) Govt has been talking to Papuan separatists since December: Djoko
Bagus BT Saragih, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | National | Wed, 06/20/2012 8:38 AM
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The government says that it has been in talks with the separatist Free Papua Movement (OPM) since last year — months before the start of the latest wave of violence in Papua that has killed 17.

The talks with the OPM began in December and had not been easy, as members of the group had to be coaxed to “leave the mountains and join society,” Coordinating Political, Legal, and Security Affairs Minister Air Marshall (ret.) Djoko Suyanto said on Monday.

“The government has continued to approach the OPM by sending a delegation,” Djoko told reporters in Jayapura on Monday as reported by Antara news agency.



The delegation, which includes several high-ranking military, police and intelligence officials, left Jakarta for Jayapura on Monday.

Among the delegation are Djoko, National Police chief Gen. Timur Pradopo, Indonesian Military 
(TNI) chief Adm. Agus Suhartono, and National Intelligence Agency (BIN) chief Lt. Gen. Marciano 
Norman.

The government has continued to blame the OPM for the deteriorating security situation in Papua while declining to provide concrete evidence of the group’s complicity in the violence that has wracked the province in recent months.

Police officers, for example, shot and killed Papuan activist Mako Tabuni in Waena on June 14 for allegedly resisting arrest for his supposed involvement in seven violent attacks.

Mako was deputy chairman of the National Committee for West Papua (KNPB), which supports a referendum on Papuan independence.



Tabuni’s supporters retaliated by setting ablaze dozens of vehicles and properties in the city.

The incident was the latest in a series of bloody incidents involving civilians and security officials.

The delegation from the central government held a closed-door meeting with religious and tribal leaders soon after their Indonesian Air Force Boeing 737 landed at Sentani Airport in Jayapura, Papua, on Tuesday.

Also in attendance at the meeting were Papua Legislative Council speaker Jhon Ibo, Papuan People’s Assembly speaker Timotius Murib and Interim Papua Governor Syamsul Arief Rivai.

Djoko and his entourage then met with members of the Papua General Elections Commission (KPUD).

Local politics have been touted as one potential cause of the renewed violence, following the 
postponement of the provincial gubernatorial election.

The officials left Jayapura for Timika later on Tuesday and are expected to arrive in Manokwari, the capital of West Papua, on Wednesday.

Djoko has said his agenda in Papua was part of the government’s commitment to promote dialogue to address the situation in the region rather than stepping up security measures.



Contracted separately, Haris Azhar, the coordinator of the Commission for
Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (Kontras), said he welcomed the government’s initiative to promote dialogue.

Haris, however, said that the security and intelligence officials had picked the wrong time for the meeting, as many Papuans remained angered, fearful and on edge over the violent attacks.

“Papuans are now psychologically uncomfortable. Papuans are still losing confidence to the 
government, particularly following the amateurish actions of the National Police and TNI troops,” 
Haris said.


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2) 'Indonesian Government Cannot Referee Papua Conflict': Pastor
Markus Junianto Sihaloho | June 20, 2012
A Papuan pastor calling for justice and an end to the violence in the restive province told the Jakarta Globe on Tuesday that a dialogue between Papua and the Central government is urgently needed. 

But pastor Socratez Sofyan Yoman suggested that a neutral “referee” mediate the dialogue.

“Let’s put it this way: There are two parties who are fighting, and it needs to be refereed,” pastor Socratez said. “If the government tries to mediate, that is not fair — how could the murderer become the referee? It’s nonsense.”

Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs Djoko Suyanto is currently on a working visit to Papua after being dispatched by the president to address the escalating conflict that has taken lives of both civilians and security officers. 

Djoko came to Papua with National Police chief Gen. Timur Pradopo, Indonesian Military Chief Adm. Agus Suhartono and National Intelligence chief Lt. Gen. Marciano Norman.

But Socratez said that the visit is totally useless without the government’s willingness to sit down with the Papuan people and have a meaningful dialogue with a neutral arbitrator — Socratez added that the Papuan people have little trust the Indonesian government.

“We should talk together, but it should be an honest dialogue,” he said. “We should make an agreement [with] one neutral nation or neutral non-governmental organization. Or it can be one public figure like Kofi Annan or Nelson Mandela. 

“We can find dignified solution from the dialogue,” the pastor added.

The government has accused the Free Papua Organization (OPM) for many of the recent attacks, a claim which Socratez dismissed.

“It was not OPM,” he said. “They fight for the people, for the welfare of Papuans. They would not do such things. The [question] for us is: Why are Indonesian officers killing here?”

Socratez suggested that the Indonesian government might be ashamed to admit they have failed in Papua, and are trying to save  face by blaming other parties. 

“The point is, the government has failed, so they [commit] violence,” Socratez said. “It is the only tactic to run away from their responsibility.”

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3) Autonomy model for Papua ‘needs altering’
Bambang Muryanto, The Jakarta Post, Yogyakarta | Archipelago | Wed, 06/20/2012 10:38 AM
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The special autonomy granted to Papua is considered to have failed to improve the lives of its people and as a result the government has been urged to make changes to the model of autonomy.

A research team at the Gadjah Mada University’s school of social and political sciences has recommended what it calls the people’s welfare approach in Papua’s autonomy.

The approach includes giving wider authority to the regional administrations in governing except in particular affairs that fall under the authority of the central government, such as defense, security and monetary policy.

“The regional administration has to be given the freedom to develop their institutions according to their respective sociocultural context to really be able to improve the wealth of their people,” team member Cornelis Lay told a seminar on Monday.



In the financial field, similarly, the central government–regional administration relationship has 
to be made asymmetric and different from other regions in which spending has to be transparent and pro-poor.

“But this ideal model has requirements,” team member AAGN Ari Dwipayana said.

Other requirements, according to Ari, include full acceptance of special autonomy on the part of local people, integrated and coherent regulations at both the central government and regional administration levels and the governability of both the central government and regional administrations in managing the administrations and redistributing resources.

The seminar was held amid an escalation in violence in Papua that has claimed dozen of lives in the past few weeks.

A high-ranking military entourage led by Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Djoko Suyanto is in Papua and has met with local elders and religious leaders to talk over the issue. 

Mada Sukmajati, a team member tasked with conducting research on Papua, said the special autonomy allocation from Jakarta to Papua had increased since 2002 until 2012 from Rp 1.3 trillion (US$137.8 million) to Rp 3.8 trillion. Yet, this did not improve the human development index of the province.



Mada blamed the condition on the fact that the special autonomy funds had been controlled by the elites and the community did not know how the money was spent. 

“In other words, there has been no positive correlation between the [increase in] funds and the increase in the wealth of Papuans,” he said.

He also said that much of the funds had been misappropriated because the central government did not oversee the use of the funds due to fears of prompting separation threats.

Other aspects to blame include institutional conflict and a lack of trust in government institutions.

In terms of authority, similarly, the team said the central government had not issued enough government regulations on the implementation of Papua’s special autonomy while at the same time the Papua provincial administrations had not taken the initiative to issue bylaws on the matter.

Sagrim, a resident of Papua who is the secretary of the Papua Intellectual Institute, blamed the failure in special autonomy on unresolved basic problems such as identity.

“We once got freedom in 1961. No matter how much money is injected into Papua, it will never solve the problem,” Sagrim said.

He said Papuans had lost trust in the central government because human rights violations had never been brought to justice.

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RNZI Posted at 06:52 on 20 June, 2012 UTC
A rally has been held in New Zealand in response to recent violence in Indonesia’s West Papua region including the alleged shooting of the pro-independence leader Mako Tabuni last week. A small group gathered at the Indonesian Embassy in Wellington, where a letter was presented by the Green Party MP Catherine Delahunty, calling on the Indonesia government to end oppression in West Papua.
Ms Delahunty says the recent spate of violence is the worst the region has seen in a long while and says it is time international attention focused on the region.
Susanna Ounei, a Kanak woman who was an activist in New Caledonia for many years, says her people also stand by West Papuans.

“I just want to give my solidarity to the brothers and sisters from West Papua, we’re determined to do something about it. In Kanaky they are organising also their solidarity with the West Papuans there in Kanaky because they are all brothers and sisters.” The political activist Susanna Ounei
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5) Papua election awaits court over DPRP role
The Jakarta Post | The Archipelago | Wed, 06/20/2012 10:41 AM
JAYAPURA: The Papuan gubernatorial election has been temporarily halted while the Constitutional Court considers protests about the Papuan Legislative Council’s (DPRP) actions during the early election stages.

The DPRP hosted the registration process and verified gubernatorial candidates, activities viewed by many, including the General Elections Commission (KPU), as intervening beyond its authority.

Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Djoko Suyanto said the dispute over the issue of authority would be resolved. A 2011 regulation, Bylaw No. 6, gives the DPRP authority to organize the registration and verification processes, while another 2011 regulation, Law No. 15, states that the organizer of regional elections is the KPU. “It’s purely about authority. Each side insists on their own rights based on the regulations,” Djoko said. Seven pairs of candidates are running for the election.

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6) Papua Reports Another Death in Latest Tribal Clash
Banjir Ambarita | June 20, 2012
Another clash between tribesmen of two villages in the Papua district of Mimika erupted on Wednesday, killing one person and injuring 15 others. 

The fight lasted about five hours, involving residents of Harapan village and Amole village on Jalan Kanguru in Kwamki Narama, in the subdistrict of Timika, according to Papua Police spokesman Adj. Sr. Comr. Yohanes Nugroho Wicaksono. A total of three people have died in a series of clashes between the two groups that began on June 6.

Yohanes said the villagers used bows and arrows to injure each other.

He added that Wednesday’s fighting began when one of the clashing groups challenged the other to fight.

“And then the two groups attacked each other. … Victim Inus Magai died from an arrow injury to his right chest, after he was admitted to Mitra Masyarakat Hospital,” Yohanes said on Wednesday.

He added that 15 others were injured in the incident.

The latest violence occurred just two days after a clash between residents of the two villages on Monday, which killed two villagers.

The Monday clash, which also left one person critically injured, broke out in the morning between around 500 men wearing matching striped shorts and tribal jewelry, said an AFP correspondent who saw four police officers struck by arrows while trying to arbitrate the fight.

Four vehicles, including an armored police truck, were torched in the violence.

The series of clashes began on June 6 after the death of a tribe member in a road accident.

Several large tribes live side by side in Mimika district, and killings are usually settled traditionally with compensation and communal feasts.

JG, AFP
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