Tuesday, June 19, 2012

1) Police Put Five on Wanted List for Papua Shootings

1) Police Put Five on Wanted List for Papua Shootings
2) Some parties fanning trouble in Papua
3) President should return home to solve Papuan conflicts: KontraS
4) Papua activist was armed, say police
5) Papua and problem of structural injustice
6) Top minister tries to woo Papuan leaders

1) Police Put Five on Wanted List for Papua Shootings
Banjir Ambarita, Arientha Primanita & Ismira Lutfia | June 19, 2012

The National Police have issued warrants for five people allegedly behind the recent series of shootings in Papua’s provincial capital Jayapura, adding to three people that were earlier arrested and another who was shot dead in a raid last week.

“We’ve put five people on the wanted list, based on the development of our investigation. But we cannot publish their identities yet,” National Police spokesman Sr. Comr. Boy Rafli Amar said in Jayapura on Tuesday.

“The National Police chief has ordered for their immediate arrest. The National Police want to settle this case and ensure smooth investigation into the case in order to provide legal certainty and ensure security of every Indonesian citizen,” he added.

Boy was in Jayapura on Tuesday to accompany National Police chief Gen. Timur Pradopo in his meeting with Papua Police chief Insp. Gen. B.L. Tobing, along with Indonesian military (TNI) chief Adm. Agus Suhartono and State Intelligence Agency (BIN) chief Lt. Gen. Marciano Norman, to discuss the security situation in Papua.

He added that police managed to piece together the five people’s alleged roles in the shootings, some of them fatal, partly due to information from locals.

Indonesia’s restive Papua province has seen incidences of violence over the years, but the frequency has risen significantly, especially in Jayapura, since the May 29 shooting of a German tourist there.

The National Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (Kontras) said in a press statement earlier this month that at least eight people had died and 15 others were injured in a series of seemingly random attacks since late May, with most of the victims being civilians.

The Indonesian authorities have put the blame on pro-independence groups, leading to a raid on Thursday of last week that led to the death of pro-independence activist Mako Tabuni. Mako’s death triggered a riot on the same day, in which angry residents burned vehicles and shops in Waena, Jayapura.

But the coordinating minister for political, legal and security affairs, Djoko Suyanto, who was also on a visit to Jayapura, said on Tuesday that the security situation in the Papuan capital was improving.

“The situation is returning to normal. Public activities and traffic of people and goods are recovering,” Djoko said in a text message to Beritasatu.com on Tuesday.

“There remains, however, social jealousy between newcomers and native inhabitants,” he admitted.

Djoko added that he and some other top central government officials took part on Monday evening in a dialogue with locals, including religious figures and university students, to discuss problems in Papua.

He said it was part of a peaceful approach that the Indonesian government was employing in handling the restive province.

Kontras, however, criticized the central government’s move, saying it was not the right time for such forums.

“What needs to be done right now is, firstly, building the trust of Papuans by evaluating the work of security officers,” Kontras coordinator Haris Azhar said in Jakarta on Tuesday.

2) Some parties fanning trouble in Papua
Tue, June 19 2012 22:46
Jakarta (ANTARA News) - The National Police Commission (Kompolnas) suspects certain parties are bent on provoking conflicts in Papua.

"We call on the people not to be provoked by parties deliberately wanting to worsen the situation in Papua," said Edi Saputra, a member of Kompolnas in charge of Papua`s police office, here Tuesday.

He urged Papuans to give the police and military a chance to restore order and improve security in the region.

"We are sure the National Police (Polri) and the Indonesian Defense Forces (TNI) have been working hard to restore peace in Papua. Kompolnas is also sure the security officers are doing a good job, particularly the personnel at Papua`s police office," Edi said.

Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Djoko Suyanto, is currently on a working visit to Jayapura, Papua to conduct meetings with local leaders and senior officials to ease tensions in the area.

The minister is being accompanied by chief of Indonesian Military (TNI), Admiral Agus Suhartono, National Police chief General Timur Pradopo and chief of National Intelligence Agency Marciano Norman.
Editor: Priyambodo RH


3) President should return home to solve Papuan conflicts: KontraS
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | National | Tue, 06/19/2012 9:16 PM

Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (JP)

A human rights activist said on Tuesday that President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono should immediately return to Indonesia to solve the escalating conflicts in Papua.
The Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (KontraS) coordinator Haris Azhar said that Yudhoyono, who is currently attending the G20 Summit in Los Cabos, Mexico, should “unravel the Papuan conflicts with his own hands.”
“The President should come back to Indonesia in the next few days to organize a conflict resolution team for Papua as soon as possible,” Haris said as quoted by tempo.co. “He [Yudhoyono] should also start dialogues with related parties.”
Haris said he was pessimistic about the dialogue between the government and Papuan community members, saying that Coordinating Political, Legal, and Security Affairs Minister Djoko Suyanto had a tendency to defend the security officers, particularly in the killing of Papua independence activist, Mako Tabuni.

“He [Djoko] should have listened to the opinion from eyewitnesses in the community first, but he went on to defend the law enforcers instead,” said Haris.
Commenting on this, Haris said that it was about time Yudhoyono took on Papuan matters by trying to hold dialogues with the Papuans.
Tabuni died an hour after he was shot by law enforcers last Thursday.
The police claimed that they had to shoot Tabuni because he was violently resisting the officers who were trying to arrest him. Tabuni was reported to have been involved in a number of provocative and violent incidents. (asa)
4) Papua activist was armed, say police
Michael Bachelard
June 20, 2012

Under the gun: West Papuan university students are held after rioting that followed the killing of leading independence activist Mako Tabuni by police. Photo: AFP
POLICE in West Papua have claimed that the independence activist they killed in the streets last week was carrying the same gun used to shoot a German tourist in May.
But the police spokesman Senior Commissioner Johannes Nugroho, confirmed the weapon was a police-issue Taurus.
''Mako Tabuni did have a gun with him and it belonged to the police. They [independence organisation the Free Papua Movement] stole it but I don't remember when,'' Commissioner Nugroho said.

Mr Tabuni was the deputychairman of the West Papua National Committee, which is agitating for independence from Indonesia, and his death last Thursday prompted rioting and a security crackdown in the already restive province.
In the police version of events, Mr Tabuni was threatening to shoot a police officer who had tried to arrest him. But eyewitnesses have said the independence leader was unarmed and shot as he tried to run away.

Commissioner Nugroho said Mr Tabuni and unnamed others were responsible for the non-fatal shooting of a German tourist, Pieter Dietmar Helmut, at a beach in the capital Jayapura on May 29, as well as a number of other mysterious shootings.
Police were sure the independence activist was the gunman, because the pistol they allegedly found on him would be revealed as the same weapon used to shoot the German, Commissioner Nugroho said. But he added that Mr Helmut's wife could not positively identify Mr Tabuni because he ''is already buried''.
The chairman of Baptist Churches in Papua, Socratez Sofyan Yoman, rejected the police's account, saying that Mr Tabuni had not been armed and that Indonesian security forces were acting as provocateurs.

''They create conflict so that they need [to be given] more money,'' Reverend Yoman said. '''They want more troops in West Papua. They want to [commit] genocide [against] the Papuan [people].''
Reverend Yoman's nephew, a witness to the shooting, said he had been shot ''like an animal'' and that the ''police are like criminals''.
Both major political parties in Australia are reluctant to question Indonesia's actions in West Papua. Greens senator Richard di Natale has called on the government to urge Indonesia to end the violence.


5) Papua and problem of structural injustice
Riwanto Tirtosudarmo, Jakarta | Opinion | Tue, 06/19/2012 9:25 AM
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The problem confronted by Papua, the easternmost province of Indonesia, is structural, rather than developmental as perceived by the current government. 

The creation of the Unit for the Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua (UP4B) was also based on an assumption that Papua suffered from developmental neglect and that its development should be accelerated to solve the problem. 

Such a technocratic view was proved to be wrong as shown by the collapse of the Soeharto regime that was built on the “developmentalist” ideology. 

Last week, I had a chance to visit Jayapura, Merauke and Boven Digoel, observing and talking with some experts and ordinary people about the latest developments in Papua.

My visit coincided with daily mysterious shooting incidents, mostly in Jayapura. Intentionally or unintentionally, these random acts of violence looked to be perpetrated to create a specter of terror that would contribute to a climate of fear that has long characterized Papuan society. 

Political relations between the center and the periphery are an old problem in this country. Following the end of Soeharto regime in 1998, the format of center-periphery relations was renewed with bigger autonomy given to regional governments. But the horror of disintegration, particularly among the military elites, was the reason for a halfhearted decentralization policy, as autonomy is given to the regency/municipality rather the provincial level of government. 

Apart from this problematic decentralization, the post-Soeharto era was also marked by the Timor Leste partition in 1999, and a peace agreement in the rebellious province of Aceh in 2005. After Timor Leste and Aceh, Papua is now seen as the main problem of center-periphery relations in the republic.

Armed rebels grouped under the Free Papua Organization (OPM) radically call for a separation from Indonesia. 

Some argue that a healthy dialogue is urgently needed between Papuans and the central government in order to address the intractable tension and conflict in the province. Dialogue is important but I would argue that it will not be sufficient. Apart from the immediate problem of representation, a dialogue assumes the presence of two opposite but equal parties. Such an assumption is unlikely to be accepted by the Indonesian government. 

As the basic issues in Papua are structural rather developmental, I would argue that a new perspective should be proposed to resolve the problem in Papua. From a structural perspective, the problem of Papua is not unique. By seeing Papua’s problems as Indonesia’s problems we look at the solution to Papua as a solution for the whole of Indonesia without any exception. 

A structural perspective views the problem of the society as a result of structural injustices emanating from continuing economic and political inequalities between the center and periphery. The central government’s policies toward Papua have officially changed in the guise of special autonomy, yet the structural injustices persist.

These injustices are a problem facing not only Papuans but the majority of Indonesian citizens. Structural injustices are rooted in the wrong assumption in the Constitution that the state will unquestionably take care of the life of its citizens, but in reality we continue witnessing the state’s failure to protect its citizens from violence and the abuse of power.

What is currently happening in Papua is only a reflection of the state’s failure to resolve the continuing problem of structural injustices in this country. The difference between Papua and other places in Indonesia, including in the capital city of Jakarta, is just a matter of the degree of violence. In Papua the level of violence is higher than that in other places as the latest string of fatal shootings strongly indicated. The basic right of the Indonesian citizens to security protection from the state is simply violated. The climate of fear and the insecurities felt by ordinary citizens in Papua are growing unchecked. 

From what I have witnessed, today, both sociologically and demographically, Papuans can no longer be divided into particular ethnic or racial groups.

The movement of people, in and out-migration in Papua, has occurred for centuries. The latest population census (2010) clearly indicated the high level of in-migration into Papua. 

Papua is in fact a pluralistic society, in which any attempt to distinguish between indigenous and migrants is becoming more futile. Every day, the number of people who move in and out of Papua is increasing as the number of daily flights and weekly ships obviously indicate. While certain Papuan elites and their organizations understandably try to reassert their claims about a pure Papuan identity, such a move runs counter to the reality. 

Cities and urban areas in Papua have become the most pluralistic places, in which people from different social and economic backgrounds mingle and interact.

In such urban settings, social tensions and conflicts normally occur, as people are competing for economic and political resources. 

It is the constitutional duty of the state to protect its citizens from discrimination. Economic and political fairness should be the order of the day, where the state has to act as an impartial referee when tensions and conflicts arise between different groups and people in society. Yet as we are witnessing these days in Papua, the Constitution, which mandates the state to protect all its citizens, is simply being violated.
The writer is a researcher at the Research Center for Society and Culture, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) and the author of Looking for Indonesia 2: The Limits of Social Engineering (LIPI Press, 2010

6) Top minister tries to woo Papuan leaders
Nethy Dharma Somba and Margaretha Aritonang, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura/Jakarta | Headlines | Tue, 06/19/2012 9:51 AM
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Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Djoko Suyanto ruled out a military operation to tackle the escalating violence, which claimed another two lives in Mimika on Monday.

“We have so far adopted an approach that promotes the economy and people’s welfare, not a military [approach], because military action should only be used to deal with crimes,” Djoko said as quoted by Antara news agency during a gathering with community figures, religious leaders and members of the Papua Legislative Council (DPRP) and Papuan Consultative Assembly (MPRP) in Jayapura on Monday.

He was accompanied by Indonesian Military (TNI) chief Adm. Agus Suhartono, National Police chief Gen. Timur Pradopo, National Intelligence Agency (BIN) head Lt. Gen. Marciano, and Papua’s caretaker governor Syamsul Arief Rivai.

The arrival of the top-ranking delegation was reported in the wake of escalating violence that has claimed dozens of lives. Djoko, however, insisted that it was a routine tour of duty, and not specifically prompted by the ongoing security challenges in the province.

The latest communal clash in Mimika, Papua on Monday killed two people and injured dozens of others, including four police personnel.

The clash reportedly had its roots in ongoing resentment following a fatal traffic accident in May.

“The clash [on Monday] killed two people, but they have not yet been identified. Four police officers were rushed to hospital with arrow wounds,” Papua Police spokesman, Adj. Sn. Comr. Johanes Nugroho, told The Jakarta Post.

The fighting crowds also burned five Mimika Police vehicles and two motorcycles.

It was reported that the clash between the residents from Harapan and Bawah villages began at 7:30 a.m.

The police were called in to deal with the situation but received a rough reception as the crowd turned on them, despite their firing warning shots into the air.

As the police retreated, the crowd vented their fury upon the vehicles and motorcycles.

The incident is the latest in a spate of violent attacks that have battered the country’s easternmost province over the past few weeks, including unsolved shooting deaths and riots in Jayapura and a rampage by military personnel in Wamena. 

The marked escalation in violence has prompted the House of Representatives to establish a working committee to deal with the issue.

“We need to form a working committee and we are discussing what measures we need to take.

For sure, the committee must seek an amiable and dignified solution. Weapons should be avoided in order to restore security; so, we are prioritizing dialogue and trust building,” said TB Hasanuddin, who chairs the House Commission I overseeing defense and foreign affairs.

“We met with the chief of the military and he said they were awaiting instructions,” he said in Jakarta on Monday.

He quoted the military chief as saying further: “If we are asked to launch a security operation, give us the legal as well as political umbrella so that we do not bear the brunt of the blame.”

Hasanuddin said the effectiveness of the policy to form a committee would depend on the government’s political will to execute the measures.

Violent cases 2007-2012:
Oct. 17, 2007
Eight people are killed and 19 injured in violence involving four tribes in Tembagapura district, Mimika.

March 11, 2007
Tribal violence in Paniai regency kills nine people. The violence is sparked by the death of a local teacher.

Jan. 5-19, 2010
 Three people are killed and 34 people injured in a clash between two groups in Kwamki Lama, Mimika regency. The conflict is sparked by a rape and the payment of customary fines.

July 30, 2011
Seventeen people die and dozens are injured when the supporters of rival candidates in a local regency election clash in Ilaga district, Puncak Jaya regency.

Jan. 21, 2012
One person dies in a regional election clash during campaigning for a local regency election in Tolikara regency.

Feb. 15, 2012
Four die and almost 100 others are injured as supporters of rival candidates in the Tolikara regency election clash.
7) Govt to continue welfare approach to deal with Papua problems
Mon, June 18 2012 21:30

Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA News) - President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has continued implementing a welfare approach to deal with the problems in Papua, according to chief security minister Djoko Suyanto.

"Until now the approach used is welfare and not military, because a military approach is only useful for dealing with crimes," Djoko said at a meeting with community and religious leaders and members of the Papuan legislative assembly (DPRP) and the Papuan People Council (MRP) here on Monday.

He stated that he had come to Papua not because of the recent violent incidents, but because of his duty to learn about what happened in the region.

"Indeed it is not easy to unite the views of different parties, but the most important thing is how to unite Papua peacefully so that the province could catch up with other regions," Djoko noted.

He added that the government hoped to "bring Papua in harmony with the Unitary State of Indonesia".

Regarding the implementation of special autonomy in Papua, Djoko said the program had not yet been able to meet public expectations.

In view of that, he added, the implementation of the program would continue to be evaluated, which had led to the issuance of Presidential Instruction Number 5 of 2005 and the establishment of the UP4B (Papua and West Papua Development Acceleration Unit) in 2011.

The meeting was also attended by defense forces commander Admiral Agus Suhartono, national police chief General Timur Pradopo, and National Intelligence Agency chief Marciano Norman.(*)
Editor: Heru


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