Monday, August 6, 2012

1) UK West Papuan tribal leader removed from Interpol list


1)  UK West Papuan tribal leader removed from Interpol list

2) Feud Between Residents in Timika Heats Up, Two Injured

3) Australia, Indonesia formalizing military diplomacy

4) Indonesia and Australia Should Go Hand in Hand Into Asian Century

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http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-19149678


1) UK West Papuan tribal leader removed from Interpol list


Benny Wenda was issued with a red notice by Interpol at the request of the Indonesians

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A tribal leader from an Indonesian province who was granted asylum in Britain has won his battle to be removed from an Interpol wanted list.
Benny Wenda, who lives in Oxford, had been issued with a red notice and was at risk of arrest and extradition.
The Indonesian authorities said they wanted him to stand trial for murder and arson, offences he denied.
But Interpol decided the case against Mr Wenda, who campaigns for West Papua's independence, was "political".
In a letter to Fair Trials International, which has campaigned on his behalf, the Commission for the Control of Interpol's Files said it had deleted information about his case from its records.
"After re-examining all the information available to it... the Commission finally considered that the case against your client was predominantly political in nature," said the letter, from the Commission's Secretariat.
The British government accepted Mr Wenda's asylum application in 2002 after hearing allegations he had been persecuted by the Indonesian authorities.
Jago Russell, chief executive of Fair Trials International, said: "We are delighted that Interpol has now woken up to this abuse but safeguards are needed to stop other countries misusing Interpol and destroying lives and reputations in the process."
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2) Feud Between Residents in Timika Heats Up, Two Injured
Monday, 06 August, 2012 | 18:27 WIB
TEMPO InteractiveTimika:Hostility between two groups of residents in Timika, Papua, worsened on Sunday when 30 men armed with machetes and wooden clubs attacked and tortured two Timika residents.

Paulu Douw and Sefnat Misikbo were rushed to hospital after the attack at the junction of Jalan Yos Sudarso and Jalan Patimura on Sunday afternoon. Paulu, who works at PT Kuala Pelabuhan Indonesia, suffered abrasions on his left cheek, head and back.

He was riding on a motorcycle taxi (ojek) when he was forcibly stopped and beaten. Paul managed to run to the military rayon command (Koramil) post not far from the location.

Another victim, Sefnat Misikbo, was also intercepted by armed youths in the same location on Sunday afternoon. Out of the blue, he was intercepted and beaten up on his way to Damai Market to buy areca nut.

Sefnat sustained injuries to the head, arm and knee. An employee of the Office of the Court of Timika, Mohammad Said, managed to stop the fight and disperse the gang of youths.

Dozens of police arrived to guard the junction. On Sunday evening the situation was under control, but some people were afraid to leave their houses.

The dispute between the groups of people, which extended to the town of Timika, was triggered by an attack on people after they finished panning for gold on ​ PT Freeport Indonesia’s grounds. They were mugged and attacked with arrows on Saturday morning. As a result, Sekundus Karubun and Benjamin Fautgil were rushed to hospital due to arrow wounds.

After the attack a group of armed men headed to the location of the mob attack on Jernih River, Mile 28, the tailing area of ​​PT Freeport Indonesia, to seek revenge. The police managed to drive them to their homes.

On Sunday morning, a rumor circulated that someone was killed at Mile 32. This was followed by the burning of an ojek terminal on Jalan A Yani in retaliation. Head of operations at Mimika Police, Police Commissioner Albertus Andreana, said that no one was killed on Sunday evening.

According to Albert, the police intensified patrols and said, "Yes, we continue to take steps to return the residents’ sense of security and prevent friction. TJAHJONO EP
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3) Australia, Indonesia formalizing military diplomacy

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Paper Edition | Page: 7
Melbourne was still dark, under a light rain and with a temperature of 8 degrees Celsius, but these conditions did not stop thousands of Melbourne residents congregating at the Shrine of Remembrance, a national monument in the town center. It was 5 a.m. and a bugle sounded the start of proceedings.

It was April 25, 2012, the day Australia commemorates Anzac Day. On this day, people pause from their daily lives to remember the fall of 8,000 soldiers of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) at the Gallipoli landings in Turkey, 97-years-ago during World War I.

Nowadays, ANZAC Day has also become a day of public admiration for all Australian servicemen and women, past and present. That is the way Australians value their military services.

A number of young Indonesian Military (TNI) officers — Maj. Agus Yudhoyono; Maj. Frega Wenas and myself, Maj. M. Iftitah Sulaiman S. — have accepted the Australian government’s invitation to visit a number of military establishments as part of the annual Young Future Leaders 2012 program. Apart from being given the chance to see various attractions, there will also be interaction with Australian leadership candidates.

The question is why does Australia — a commonwealth country — want such close military ties, with the aim firmly on future leaders? What are the benefits for Australia and Indonesia?

On July 3, 2012, in a bilateral meeting between President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard in Darwin, an agreement was made to elevate the military relationship of the two countries in the region, especially in handling disasters.

In addition to Indonesia, Australia and the US, President Yudhoyono also proposed to the Australian PM the involvement of all ASEAN countries, Japan, India, Korea and China in disaster management training. The goal is clear: This will build trust throughout the region.

President Yudhoyono’s way of setting out diplomacy through people-to-people contact in order to guard the peace, as he stressed in the Great Hall of Australia’s Parliament House on March 10, 2010, has captured the attention of Gen. David Hurley, chief of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) as well as the Indonesian Military (TNI) chief Adm. Agus Suhartono.

This concept of diplomacy is not just up in the air, as personal relationships often streamline duties in the field, both in peace operations, as well as in humanitarian assistance. However, while personal relationships have endured between the two countries independently, there has not been an umbrella organization to formalize this.

Then, in 2011 the TNI and ADF agreed to form the Defense Alumni Association or Ikatan Alumni Pertahanan (IKAHAN) Indonesia-Australia, which was launched on March 22, 2011, in Jakarta.

IKAHAN membership is characterized as being open to all military personnel from the two countries that have undertaken personal exchange to the other country through visits, study or joint exercises.

A number of activities have been designed for IKAHAN. One of them is this Young Future Leaders Program. Another is a program that invites the 15 top graduates from the Indonesian Defense University and the Staff and Command Schools (Sesko TNI, Seskoad, Seskoau and Seskoal) to Australia to familiarize themselves with the Australian
military and culture.

IKAHAN’s presence as a diplomatic medium needs to be appreciated. Although Indonesia and Australia are neighbors, the divide between the two countries — particularly with regard to culture — runs deep.

Australia can learn a lot from Indonesia in interpreting the concept of Unity in Diversity, which has always made Indonesia successful in numerous UN missions.

On the other hand, the TNI can also gain benefit, especially with regard to the elevation of its professionalism. Besides having primary weapon platforms and systems that are modern, Australia has a lot of experience in many types of theaters since World War I through to contemporary operations in the Middle East. Through IKAHAN, the two countries can share information and experience.

Further to this, the TNI can also improve its personnel’s proficiency in English. At this time, English is still an obstacle for the majority of TNI soldiers in communicating in international forums, such as on UN military operations.

Today, the Indonesia-Australian military relationship has reached its peak in both countries’ history. The two countries obviously want these good relations to continue. As a consequence of peaceful times, the two countries can concentrate on growing the level of the economy in order to benefit their people.

IKAHAN today has become a new phenomenon in global military diplomacy. A number of countries have shown an interest in establishing a similar model — Australia-Indonesia young military officers’ relations — which has become the reference for armed forces leaders.
The writer is a 1999 Indonesian Military Academy alumnus and a member of IKAHAN.

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4) Indonesia and Australia Should Go Hand in Hand Into Asian Century
Richard Woolcott | August 06, 2012
The Asian Century, driven by the unprecedented transfer of wealth and influence from the West to the East, offers opportunities to Indonesia and Australia to enhance their cooperation to their mutual advantage. This seminal change in the global balance is driven by the spectacular rise of China, in particular, but also by the rise of India, reinforced by the developed economies of Japan, South Korea and Australia, in addition to the increasing potential of Indonesia and Vietnam. 

Asia Pacific is where the world’s major power relationships closely intersect. It is where the template for the US-China relationship will largely be shaped. It is the crucible in which the interrelationships on Asian issues involving China, the United States, Japan, India, Russia, South Korea, Vietnam, Australia, Indonesia and the other main Asean economies will be worked out. In the 21st Asian Century, Australia needs to change its national psyche. It needs to focus less on its 20th century links with Europe and the United States and more on its neighbors in the region. 

Regional countries need to determine a current and appropriate balance in their relations with the United States and China. While Australia is an ally of the United States and has some different values than China, it should welcome the rise of China and oppose policies based on its “containment.” There is no intrinsic reason why China, under its system of authoritarian capitalism, in which it will seek to overcome the economic and political problems it faces, cannot rise peacefully, unless provoked. It is for China to decide its policies and the pace of change without advice from other countries, including Australia. As former Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd said last month in Chicago, “China will continue to entrench its credentials as a global power.” 

All countries in the Asian region, and the United States and China, have a shared interest in continuing economic growth, peace and stability. Attitudes toward China, especially in the lead-up to the US presidential election, could become a self-fulfilling prophesy. China will resist American attempts, some unfortunately echoed by Australia, to shape attitudes about China, and other regional countries. 

Australia should not be afraid of change. It should respond to it by looking ahead. The emphasis must be on cooperation. Activities that undermine that and could lead to a new Cold War in the Asia-Pacific region would be disastrous. 

Indonesia and Australia are members of the G20. They are both at the top table dealing with global financial and economic issues. The G20 also provides opportunities to discuss the corridors of political and strategic issues. 

What is sad is how little these two countries know of each other. Australia has a long history of involvement in Asia and specifically Indonesia. It supported Indonesian independence in 1947 and the Colombo plan. This has been obscured by issues like the deaths of five Australian TV journalists in Balibo in 1975, allegedly at the hands of Indonesian special forces, Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor, arrests of Australian drug traffickers, and Australia’s attitude, regrettably exaggerated for domestic political reasons, toward refugees and asylum seekers. 

Many Australians are not aware of the changes in Indonesia in recent years. Democracy is now virtually institutionalized in Indonesia. Both countries have agreed on bilateral annual head of government-level meetings, the most recent of which was held in Darwin last month. There are also annual 2+2 meetings of the ministers of foreign affairs and defense from both countries. 

The growth in the two economies also provides opportunities. Indonesian economic growth is at 6.3 percent. Although inflation was 4.45 percent in May, it is still within Bank Indonesia’s target. Although some political initiatives could deter future economic growth, capital inflows are continuing. For Indonesia to reach higher but inclusive growth, the government will need to reduce subsidies and increase spending on poverty reduction. 

The crisis in the European Union, the weak recovery of the United States and the ongoing weakness in Japan will affect the Indonesian and Australian economies but both are relatively sound. In Indonesia, private consumption accounts for 59 percent of GDP, which will help reduce the impact of a depressed global economy. 

The IMF lists Australia’s economy, in nominal terms, as the world’s 13th largest ($1.488 trillion) while Indonesia is 16th ($846 billion). Indonesia is expected to be among the Top 10 world economies by 2030 and in the top five by 2040. Unfortunately, public attitudes toward Indonesia in Australia are out of date, as indicated in recent Lowy Institute surveys of Australians. Only 54 percent of Australians have a “positive attitude” toward Indonesia and other polls suggest 30 percent see Indonesia as a security threat. 

On the Indonesian side, some members of government see Australia as a threat to its territorial integrity because of support for the independence of Papua. 

Australia needs to build a habit of regular and improved consultation, not only with Indonesia but with the main Asian countries, especially China, Japan and India, on a range of policy issues, in advance of announcing major policy decisions, especially those that affect them, as Foreign Minister Bob Carr argued. An example of its failure to do this, was the decision, subsequently rescinded, to ban live cattle exports to Indonesia. Another was the decision to rotate 2,500 US marines through Darwin. It also needs to avoid any perception that racism and religious intolerance are present in political and public attitudes. 

We should remember that Indonesia’s religious environment is different from Australia’s. Indonesia is, by population, the largest Islamic country in the world with the overwhelming majority of Indonesian Muslims being moderates. 

Indonesia is Australia’s most complex, populous and influential neighbor. Seeking to build bridges between the very different societies must be a priority. If Australians and Indonesians succeed in this endeavor both countries and indeed the region will benefit in the Asian Century. 

Richard Woolcott is former head of Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. He was also Australia’s ambassador to Indonesia and chairman of the Australia-Indonesia Institute.
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