Friday, December 13, 2013

1) Tackling domestic violence in Indonesia’s Papua Province

1) Tackling domestic violence in Indonesia’s Papua Province
2) More makar cases in Papua
3) AHRC country report on Indonesia
5) Gen. entourage sprayed with gunfire
1) Tackling domestic violence in Indonesia’s Papua Province
JAYAPURA, 13 December 2013 (IRIN) - Indonesian Papua is taking steps to combat violence against women and children as concerns grow about the level of domestic abuse. According the National Commission on Violence against Women, Papua Province recorded 1,360 cases of gender-based violence per 10,000 women in 2012.

“Many people still resort to violence to solve problems. Even parents and teachers believe that if corporal punishment is not used, children won’t have discipline,” Dwi Utari, a senior programme assistant in charge of child and mother protection at the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) in Papua, told IRIN.

UNICEF points out that in 2011, in a survey conducted in three of Papua’s 29 districts between 67 and 79 percent of children under the age of 15 said they had been physically punished, with 24 to 31 percent indicating “severe” physical punishment. The findings indicate that those in charge of protecting children - parents, caregivers, teachers - often perpetrate the violence.

But the figures may not reflect the reality, because many cases of gender violence in Papua remain unreported, said Margaretha Hanita, deputy chairwoman of the government-run Centre for Woman and Child Empowerment in Jakarta, the capital. In 2012 the National Commission recorded the highest number of incidents here - 1,699 per 10,000 women.

"In Jakarta many women have the courage to report and have much greater access to information on where to report,” unlike in Papua, where there is less awareness and advocacy on the issue, as well as lower levels of formal education,” said Hanita.

The Asian Human Rights Commission said in May 2011 that indigenous women in Papua reported high rates of domestic violence perpetrated by their husbands and partners, and little protection from police or state agencies.

Why so violent?
Tanah Papua, which consists of West Papua and Papua provinces, is a predominantly ethnic Melanesian region with a population of 3.8 million. It is rich in natural resources, including the world’s largest gold deposit, but lags behind the rest of the country in several development indicators. Papua has one of the largest budgets out of the country’s 34 provinces - nearly US$600 million in 2012 - and the fifth highest gross regional product.

But its human development rankings are among the nation’s lowest, including an adult literacy rate of only 64 percent, and less than six years, on average, of formal schooling per resident. Women are often denied entitlements and resources available to men, while poor access to education fails to harness the potential of young people.

Alcohol consumption, a widely recognized problem among men in Papua, and long-held traditional beliefs are among factors fuelling domestic violence, UNICEF’s Utari said. “Alcohol has a lot to do with domestic violence. When people are under the influence of alcohol, they can’t think clearly, and even engage in violence, including forced sexual intercourse.”

Papua New Guinea (PNG), the neighbouring country whose residents have similar cultural identities and languages as Indonesian Papuans, has also grappled with gender-based violence. The PNG Law Reform Commission noted that 70 percent of women in PNG said they had been physically abused by their husbands, and in some parts of the country that number reached 100 percent.

In July 2013, Indonesian Papua Province enacted a bylaw on domestic violence, drafted with the assistance of UNICEF. Three districts - Jayapura, Keerom and Jayawijaya - are piloting the bylaw’s implementation, which has provisions for services for the victims as well as the perpetrators of domestic violence, including treatment, counselling, rehabilitation and mediation.

“This bylaw seeks to protect and provide greater access to people who are weak, vulnerable and marginalized, who make up a large part of Papuans,” said Reky Ambrauw, an assistant in the provincial governor’s office.

UNICEF is working with the local government in Papua to educate schoolchildren and communities by promoting healthy relationships, providing life-skills education, and teaching them about reproductive health and the dangers of alcohol, Utari said.

“There’s a local saying that ‘there’s gold at the tip of the whipping rod’,” said Utari, meaning that corporal punishment will result in better behaviour. “There’s also this perception that because the groom brings money [dowry] to the bride at marriage, he owns his wife.”

Theme (s)Gender IssuesHuman Rights,
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]


2) More makar cases in Papua
Comment by Yan Christian Warinussy, senior lawyer in West Papua, recipient of the John Humphreys Freedom Award, 2005

The latest treason verdict against seven West Papuans is yet another example of the serious human rights situation in West Papuan, in particular with regard to the right to freedom of expression. The seven men were headed by Isak Kalaiban.

Based on the facts revealed during the course of the trial, it is clear that there was a plan between the accused to freely give expression to their views in a way that is based on the rule of law.

This occurred on 1 May 2013 after Isak and his colleagues brought the families of the accused together on the previous day at their home  in Aimas-Sorong. While they were meeting together,  a police patrol in Sorong began to opened fire at the group of people, as a result of which four people were killed or wounded.

At the trial, the men were charged with treason (makar)  by the court in Sorong before a panel of judges headed by Maria Magdalena Sitanggung.

None of the witnesses questioned at the trial said anything about what had taken place on the day before, 30 April.

For the legal team defending the accused, the question is who indeed is it that perpetrated treason in view of the fact that none of the witnesses who appeared in the trial knew anything about the men who were being charged.

This is yet another case in which the accused were charged under Articles 106, 108  and 110 to prevent people in Sorong from giving free expression to their rights to freedom of expression and freedom of assembly  as provided for by Law 39/1999 on Human Rights and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Translated by Carmel Budiardjo

3) AHRC country report on Indonesia

INDONESIA: Democracy incomplete in 15 years of reform

Go back to Indonesia page
December 8, 2013

In commemoration of Human Rights Day on December 10, the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) is issuing a brief report on the state of human rights in Indonesia. Using the examples of events which took place in 2013, the report highlights three crucial subjects which have been ignored by the Indonesian government during the last 15 years of 'reform', namely the need for further police reform, the unreliability of the judiciary, and the restricted liberties within the country. The report may be accessed here.
As in previous years, in 2013 the AHRC documented cases on extrajudicial killings and torture by police officers in the country. Among others, the organisation documented the killing of a Papuan pro-independence activist, Hubertus Mabel, towards the end of December 2012. The AHRC also documented the shooting to death in Medan of two brothers, Kiki and Ramadhan. The brothers were suspects in a drug case. In both cases, the police made unilateral claims that the shooting was justifiable, contradicting the information from civil society that the victims were not posing any threat to the police.
The AHRC also notes with concern the occurrence of torture by police officers in Indonesia, which has been ongoing during 2013. The organisation observes that, in many instances, torture was applied by state officials in order to obtain confession in fabricated cases. A case in point is that of Ruben which came to light this year. Ruben is a 70-year old man who, along with his son, was tortured and sentenced to death for a murder he did not commit.
The AHRC believes that the appropriate response to such practice of police violence is for the government to conduct comprehensive police reform. We are aware of, and appreciate, the fact that since 1999, the Indonesian National Police has been kept separate from the military. However, we believe that police reform involves more than merely ensuring that the policing institution is not under military control. Among other measures, an independent mechanism to effectively investigate police misconduct should be established and significant changes in police recruitment and promotion procedures need to be made. The lack of advanced and modern police education is also a matter requiring attention.
The legal proceedings in the Sijunjung and Yusli torture cases were concluded this year. The officers engaged in the torture of two brothers in Sijunjung and the torture of 23-year-old Yusli were punished by the courts with 18 month to 5 year sentences. The AHRC welcomes the punishment of state officials that engage in human rights abuse. However, while examining the cases, the AHRC has learned that the courts have sided disproportionately and unreasonably with the accused police officers. The AHRC is concerned that the judges examining the two cases chose to agree with the officers' claims that they were not responsible for the deaths of the victims. It raises suspicion of interventions in the legal proceedings.
We are also concerned with recent arrests of a number of judges, including the Chief Justice of the Constitutional Court by the Corruption Eradication Commission, over bribery allegations. While the arrests indicate attempts to address corruption, they also reflect how judicial independence in Indonesia can be easily eroded by power and money.
The third subject examined in AHRC's report on the state of human rights in Indonesia is the limited freedoms enjoyed by individuals inside the country. The AHRC is particularly disturbed with the high number of forced and violent dispersals of peaceful protests in Papua and other parts of Indonesia. In a peaceful protest on 1 May 2013 in Sorong, for instance, the Indonesian security officers shot two Papuan protesters to death. Non-state actors have also participated in violent dispersal of peaceful assemblies – such as in end November 2013, when labour protests in Bekasi were met with violent attacks from members of Pancasila Youth (Pemuda Pancasila, PP), which led to the injury of at least three workers.
Attacks and discrimination against religious minorities also continued this year. Several Ahmadi mosques and Christian churches were forcibly closed down by the government and intolerant groups. The leader of Batak Protestant Church (HKBP) Filadelfia, Rev. Panjaitan, was reported to the police for blocking an attack directed to him.
During the Universal Periodic Review last year, the government promised the international community that it will review its laws and regulations which are discriminatory towards religious minorities. As of today, there is no sign that the Indonesian government will fulfil its promise. Among the list of such discriminatory laws and regulations is the 2008 Joint Decree of the Minister of Religious Affairs, the Attorney General, and the Minister of Interior, which prohibits the activities of the Ahmadi.
With all the changes since the fall of Soeharto in 1998, Indonesia is surely on the right track towards democracy. However, without homework on these three subjects – half-baked police reform, unreliability of the judiciary, and restricted liberties – being adequately corrected, it is premature for Indonesia to claim itself to be a democracy.
A google translate of article in Jubi . Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
Original bahasa link above article.
Author : Indrayadi TH on December 13 , 2013 at 23:56:44 WP
Editor : Victor Mambor believe that the readers of this site are people who are intelligent and educated . Let's use polite words in commenting on this site

Jayapura 13/12 ( Jubi ) - For the fifth time the shooting occurred in the area of ​​PT . Freeprot Indonesia. This time the target shooter override mysterious group PT grocery delivery vehicle . Freeport Indonesia today will traverse mile 45 , Friday ( 13/12 ) afternoon , around 16.00 CET . There were no casualties in the incident .

From the data gathered in , this afternoon , Friday ( 13/12 ) at around 16:00 CET conductor group groceries PT . Freeport Indonesia using three four-wheel drive vehicle units . Three of those vehicles previously Tembagapura of direction on the way back to Timika . When crossing at mile 45 , the third vehicle in the popcorn shot a bunch of people not in the know .

Head of Papua Police spokesman , Chief . Sulistyo Pudjo Hartono confirmed when reporters confirmed the shooting happened in the area of ​​PT . Freeport Indonesia , Tembagapura .

" Yes I did this afternoon around 16:00 CEST , returning a stranger , " said Pudjo justify the shooting, Friday ( 13/12 ) evening .

It is said Pudjo , this overrides the group conductor Shooting groceries PT . Freeport Indonesia by using a four-wheeled vehicles , down from the top about to go back to Timika . "We 're at mile 45 fired by an unknown person from the left , " he said

As a result of the shooting, further Pudjo , the first car was shot in the upper body tires , second car hit the door on the left while the third car was hit in the left rear-view mirror . " All managed to get in Timika vehicles safely and no injuries , " he said .

When asked police measures as a result of the shooting, Pudjo confirms that the current Papua police and the Mimika district police with the military were conducting searches in the area of ​​PT . Freeport Indonesia . " Patience only member still combing the scene , " he said .

Mimika Police Chief , Chief . Jeremias Rontini could not be reached until the news was aired . So it is with the Freeport Indonesia .

Previously , as reported by the media , the first shooting occurred on Sunday ( 8/12 ) , the second shooting on Monday ( 9/12 ) and at terkhir on Tuesday ( 10/12 ) and a fourth on Thursday ( 12/12 ) at mile 42 . ( Jubi / Indrayadi TH )

A google translate of article in Bintang papua . Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
Original bahasa link above article.
Friday , December 13, 2013 08:02
5) Gen. entourage sprayed with gunfire
Of Action Shooting Mysterious in Freeport area

Jayapura - Action mysterious shooting in the area of ​​PT Freeport mine in Timika Papua Tembagapura , are rampant . Thursday, December 12 at around 12:23 CET mysterious shootings happen again . This time the target of the shooting was the group Military Commander Brigadier General Bambang Haryanto 174 Merauke , was sprayed with gunfire in the near Mile Post 42.5 RPU 06m . There were no casualties in the incident .
From the data collected , Bintang Papua , Freeport group Danrem with officials , and the police , while it is reviewing the Freeport area immediately , to review the security posts along the mine site . Peninjaun in order to find the location of a strategic post . Currently home to the Timika , the group shot.
Papua Police spokesman Pujo AKBP Sulistyo as confirmed justify the shooting . "The firing by unknown assailants broke out in the Freeport area , the target group who are doing peninjaun Danrem post , " he said .

Regarding the chronology of events , he said , when the group crossed at Mile 42.5 Danrem directly sprayed with a shot from the right and left Araha road . " When the convoy crossed the site , arrive - came a sound fired , despite being shot , the vehicle remains the group drove to the post at Mile 40 , then to Timika , " he says .
Buses carrying entourage hit. " The vehicle is a bus hit 140-323 no armor , just in front of the muzzle to the right of the bus above the driver cabin breaks , " he said .
Heru bus driver ID - 874 728 PT KPI employees , sub- contractors Freeport , in his statement to the investigator , the direction of the shot from the right path towards mile 42.5 . " The driver heard adan 6 eruption , but the only one that hit the car , " he explained .
As for the bus in the group include: Danrem , Kaops Amole task force , the commander Lt. Col. Dwi Timika Lagan , senior SRM ( Mr. Sajid , Mr. Kiswanto , Mr. Hari basukis , Mr. George Gepphart , Wilmor Mr. Tambunan ,
Cenderawasih XVII military command spokesman Col. Infanti Lumban Siantar Lismer said , the purpose of reviewing Danrem location , to see firsthand the posts along the area towards Tembagapura . " Danrem that time with a number of police officials and review the road to the Freeport mining area , they were fired , when they want return to the Timika , " he says .
At present , the incident has been dealt with police . "The police crime scene and examine the vehicle that was shot , " he said . ( Jir/don/l03 )
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