More indigenous labourers than owners on construction sites, for now
KEEROM, 4 December 2013 (IRIN) - Indigenous people in Papua, Indonesia's easternmost province, struggle for employment because most jobs in the gold-rich region go to migrants despite government efforts to tackle growing income inequality. Service industry jobs in the provincial capital, Jayapura, are taken mostly by non-indigenous Papuans, who make up half the province's 2.8 million people.
“I have to work myself half dead to have enough money for food,” said Roni Sareo, 29, a native Papuan from Keerom district, about 60km north of Jayapura. “I wish there were other jobs.” He graduated from secondary school 12 years ago, but at most can only earn US$75 per month from odd construction jobs, less than half of the $166 monthly minimum wage in the province. Disadvantaged from the start
The reasons vary for why the unemployment rate of the indigenous half of the population is many times higher than among non-indigenous people, say analysts.
In a May 2013 report by the national statistics bureau, only 17 percent of Papua’s labour force reported receiving income from full-time work, another 45 percent were self-employed or working part-time, and 38 percent were in unpaid household help.
Data for native Papuans is not broken down, but experts say this group usually cannot compete with migrants - who tend to be better-skilled - and most likely form the bulk of the unemployed and underemployed.
There has been an influx of migrants from other parts of the country since Papua was incorporated into Indonesia in 1969, resulting in more competition for education and jobs, experts say. Franciscus Xaverius Motte, a spokesman for the newly elected governor, Lukas Enembe, said poor education is partly to blame for the poor access of indigenous Papuans to employment opportunities.
The government has built schools in even the poorest and most remote areas of the province, but high teacher absenteeism, as discussed in a 2012 UNICEF report, continues to be a problem in spite of government incentives such as “remote area” allowances and housing.
Even when young people manage to finish secondary education, there are few job prospects. Papuan youths say business owners, who are mostly non-indigenous people from elsewhere in the archipelago, stereotype them as being lazy and incompetent with a penchant for drinking.
A local Protestant priest, Lipiyus Biniluk, dismissed the stereotype as a rumour among “unscrupulous” business owners looking to profit from cheap migrant labour. “Businesses won't hire indigenous Papuans because they think they will lose money,” said Biniluk.
Running their own businesses seems a likely solution for native Papuans, but this avenue also has its obstacles, said Sinthia Harkrisnowo, a project coordinator with International Labour Organization, which launched an initiativewith the UN Development Programme in 2012 to encourage entrepreneurship among native Papuans.
“The challenge is there's little forward thinking. Many farmers are subsistence producers and they live from hand to mouth,” she told IRIN. “They have no access to the market because even if they want to sell their produce in the city, they can't afford the transport costs.”
Officials and experts have often cited the gap between rich and poor as a contributor to the long-running separatist conflict in Papua region, which consists of Papua and West Papua provinces, and is known as Tanah Papua.
Earlier in 2013, analysis by the Australia National University noted that “in provinces like Papua and West Papua, which are relatively rich compared to the Indonesian average, the picture [of growing inequality] is arguably worse: both exhibit poor Gini ratios [a measure of income disparity] and very high poverty — a combination that implies a very skewed income distribution.”
To pacify separatist demands, in 2001 the government introduced a special autonomy scheme for Tanah Papua. The plan has yet to improve the welfare of Papuans, or the quality of education and healthcare, Neles Tebay, coordinator of the Papua Peace Network in Jayapura, was quoted as saying in local media.
In 2012 the government launched an affirmative action initiative by allowing only native Papuans to bid on government construction projects, but implementation is difficult because of the low capacity of indigenous contractors, Motte, the government spokesman, told IRIN.
“We need to change the model of development. In the past, development focused too much on the physical aspect [infrastructure], but now we want to develop the human side,” he acknowledged, noting the provincial government’s plans to increase the amount provided in scholarships to indigenous students.
At nearly $600 million in 2012, Papua province has one of the largest budgets among the country’s 34 provinces, and the fifth highest gross regional product, but its human development rankings are among the nation’s lowest, including an adult literacy rate of only 64 percent, and less than six years, on average, of formal schooling per resident.
Wim Rocky Medlama and Buchtar Tabuni . Photo : Ist
Jayapura , STEP MAGAZINE - Regional Police ( Police ) Papua reportedly looking Spokesman of the National Committee of West Papua ( KNPB ) , Wim Rocky Medlama and Chairman of the National Parliament of West Papua ( PNWP ) , Buchtar Tabuni .
The two activists made DPO ( wanted list ) Papua Police following a demonstration in Waena people of Papua , on Tuesday ( 11.26.13 ) ended in dispute .
Papuans demonstration mediated KNPB was done in order to support the activities and campaigns ILWP IPWP and Sorong to Samarai in Port Moresby , capital of Papua New Guinea .
Papua Deputy Police Chief , Brigadier General Paul Waterpauw judge , Wim Rocky Medlama and Buchtar Tabuni responsible for these actions . To reporters , said Deputy Police Chief of Papua , in the event that there has been a loss of life and injuries .
KNPB : We Already Know
On the status of the DPO two activists , KNPB Chairman , Victor Yeimo said he already knew the scenario built Indonesian police in Papua to paralyze the democratic rights of the people of Papua .
" We already know . Was there any scenario that has been long established in the Papua Police to paralyze democratic rights and freedom of expression for the people of Papua, which is mediated by KNPB for this , " said Victor to majalahselangkah.com Wednesday ( 12.04.13 ) .
Furthermore, he said , DPO of two activists is the old way . " This is an old project of Paul Waterpauw ( Deputy Police Chief : red ) . Past clash March 16, 2006 , Paul Waterpauw sacrifice some officers . Now he wakes up scenarios through his men for the sake of her , " he said when met at the Correctional Institution ( LP ) Abepura .
At that time , he said , the AKP Yan Pieter Reba ( Adj Intelkam Jayapura Police Station ) negotiate with the Coordinator and fruitless negotiations . But the mob attacked the police and there was a bloody clash . " So , we already know the scenario that occurred in the Expo , " he said .
He said, " It's clear what was said by the Head of OPS , Kiki Kurnia . Kiki Kurnia say that police officers are trained to fight. Why , peaceful demonstration clashed Papuans made ? Pattern is similar to what police do on Mako Tabuni who eventually shot dead , he explained .
According to Victor , the police have clashed plan , because the previous Monday ( 25.11.13 ) police arrested 16 members at the front gate of Paradise University ( Uncen ) while distributing leaflets about the action plan .
" When people only share itukan sebebaran , no action whatsoever , but they were arrested . Are there rules ban handed out flyers ? " Victor asked .
In action on Tuesday ( 26.11.13 ) , it is the media reporter reporting from the scene , mass action in the Housing Expo and return to 3 . When they returned home , the police car entered the middle of the mass action . Police also fired tear gas towards mass action . After that , the mass action and the officers chased several others beaten .
Unobstructed Working Journalists
Monitoring the media , the police stopped journalists from taking pictures when clashes . The police check the ID Card ( Press Card ) and ask for the photos removed . In fact , the police beat Micelle Gobai , journalists in Papua torch head .
The journalists , among others , Aprilia wiring , Tabloid Jubi Online reporter ; Micelle Gobay , Papua torch Daily reporter , and Arnold Belau , Papua New Voices Online reporter .
Related obstruction of journalistic work , the police chief of Jayapura , Alfred Papare tindaan apologize over his men .
I apologize , if any member of my intimidation against journalists in the field this afternoon . Because of the situational intimidation alone . Because people who do not know what - something that is becoming a victim , "said Alfred .
Sweep in Dormitory Rusnawa
That afternoon , on Tuesday ( 11.26.13 ) , police conducting searches in asama Uncen , Rusnawa Unit 06 . Sweeping is done in order to find pata activists . Jayapura City police chief , Alfred Papare said , "Yes , it was conducting searches in a dorm Rusnawa Unit 06 . "
" Before we did sweep , we coordinate to the hostel and the hostel also support us for conducting searches in unit 06 . Sweep KNPB done because the Jayapura police chief did not keep their promises , " he said as quoted by the media .
In the search for the activists , a member of the Regional Representatives Council ( DPRD ) Yahukimo , Andro Pahabol police had beaten and his home destroyed . At that time , he and 13 young ( 9 men and 4 women ) were having lunch after work to build private houses behind Buper .
" At that time , we had lunch again , they help me wake up my house in Buper . Then , the police come beat me up . Almost shot because I myself held at gunpoint . I had asked my younger siblings , is it really you involved in the rally ? They say no , even I do not know if today there is action , "he explained .
Related clash , when the media confirmed this , Papua Police Public Relations Head , Sulistyo Pudjo Hartono said first action running safely , but the police took the action because of mass action out of the Expo pavilion .
Sulistyo Pudjo Hartono said the clash occurred due to the mass action of persecuting an immigrant population . Two activists , Buchtar Tabuni and Wim Rocky Medlama set DPO for being responsible for the clash .
However , KNPB judge , clashed and determination of two Papuan activists into police DPO is the scenario .
" We know , this is the scenario of the country through the legs tangnnya in Papua to paralyze democratic rights and the rights of West Papuans who mediated KNPB , " said Victor . ( GE / HY / PK / MS ) .