Wednesday, September 5, 2012

1) Australian Minister’s Comments on Papuan Independence Show Disconnect Down Under

1) Australian Minister’s Comments on Papuan Independence Show Disconnect Down Under
2) Police Name Six OPM Members Suspects
3) House forms committee on Papua

4) Indonesian police detain Papuan resistance leader

5) Security Deteriorates in Papuan Village After Fatal Attack on Two Motorcyclists
6) Police detain gang members in Jayapura, Medan
7) Australia, Indonesia enhance maritime, defense cooperation
1) Australian Minister’s Comments on Papuan Independence Show Disconnect Down Under
Australian Foreign Minister Bob Carr surprised many Indonesians with his latest statement that his country categorically rejected Papuan independence and that public opinion in Australia was “in support of Indonesian sovereignty” over Papua and West Papua. 

Why he said that remains a question. Had he not recognized Indonesian sovereignty over Papua and West Papua all these long years? 

Indonesians only know that public opinion in Australia has gone far up to a level of supporting independence for Papua. To them, it’s a double standard. 

Carr probably had reasons to fear that if Australia keeps supporting separatist movements and pressing its neighbor on human rights in Papua, Australia-Indonesia relations could be damaged and result in a great loss for Australia as Indonesia is now becoming a stronger and more democratic nation. With a $1 trillion economy in the making, Indonesia could even overtake Australia economically in time. 

When President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono visited Australia in 2005, he warmly thanked then Australian Prime Minister John Howard for Australia’s aid after the tsunami, but also gently reminded him not to think of Indonesia only as a weak country needing help, but as a country of great potential strength. 

But Australians have hardly noticed or been aware. Australia’s view of Indonesia has been dominated by lesser issues such as illegal fishing, asylum-seeking and situations in East Timor and Papua. Even today, ask any Australian on the street, and he or she will say Australia is for the independence of Papua. Indonesia and Australia people-to-people relations are still culturally far apart. 

The Australian press has no access to cover the real happenings in Papua, as the Indonesian authorities have never allowed Australian journalists in. At the same time, Indonesian security suspects espionage and foreign meddling from undercover journalists. Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa has yet to assign an official to speak at the National Press Club in Canberra to explain the happenings in Papua. 

Canberra has called for an Indonesian inquiry into the killing of a Papuan independence leader but could not say whether Australian-trained counter-terrorism police were involved in the death. 

Carr said Australia had pressed the country on the death of Mako Tabuni, a leader in Papua’s fight for independence from Jakarta allegedly killed by Indonesia’s elite police squad and whom authorities regard as a fugitive. 

Australian media reported he was gunned down by plainclothes officers from Detachment 88, a counter-terrorism squad formed after the 2002 Bali bombings and partly trained and supported by Australia. 

But Carr could not confirm whether Detachment 88 had been involved in Tabuni’s death. He said Australia had called for a full and open investigation into the shooting in the context of Australia recognizing Indonesian sovereignty over Papua. 

Why? Had Australia not recognized Indonesian sovereignty before? Are Papua and West Papua not part of Indonesia? The Australian Federal Police meanwhile was not aware, nor had been informed, that Detachment 88 is specifically targeting pro-independence leaders in Papua and West Papua. 

Indonesian politicians meanwhile have seen unfairness in Carr’s statement regarding Detachment 88. They said that Australia must be careful making such statements because they could be seen as having double standards. 

Coordinating Minister for Political and Security Affairs Djoko Suyanto said that Tabuni resisted arrest while Tubagus Hasanuddin of the opposition PDI-P party said that the Australian foreign minister’s remarks are not good. Instead, he should have asked for clarification from the Indonesian government. 

Australia-Indonesia relations must be guided by a more far-sighted understanding of the role Indonesia could play in Australia’s long-term future. Australia’s strategic relationship with Indonesia is important. Indonesia is the only neighbor with the strategic weight to work with Australia on security. The country’s strength is a great strategic asset for Australia. 

This is why Australia-Indonesia relations are so important on a greater scale, based on mutual understanding, economic cooperation and boosting quality people-to-people relations, which are on the decline. Less enthusiasm is seen among Australians to learn about Indonesia. Bahasa Indonesia used to be taught in Australian universities but has declined sharply, according to an Indonesian teaching Bahasa there. Meanwhile, mutual exchanges have also declined in number. 

As a developing country, Indonesia’s human rights record might not impress its neighbor, but human rights should never be used as means to press others for certain interests such as supporting independence movements in provinces which Indonesia has sovereignty over. 
Yanto Soegiarto is managing editor of Globe Asia magazine, a sister publication of the Jakarta Globe.

2) Police Name Six OPM Members Suspects
Farouk Arnaz | September 04, 2012
Six out of 25 members of the Free Papua Organization (OPM) who were arrested in a series of raids on Sunday and Monday have been named as suspects by the police, and remain in custody.   

“Out of 25 persons that have been questioned by a Papua police detective, there are six who were positively named as suspects and detained,” National police spokesman Brig. Gen. Boy Rafly Amar said on Tuesday. “They are — DK (Daniel Kogoya), LS (Lambertus Siep), NJ (Nabi Jikwa), KJ (Krema Jikwa), TK (Tandius Kogoya) and SK (Sony Kosay) — who are strongly alleged to have attack and abused victims in Nafri.”

Dani and his two friends were arrested in a hotel in Jayapura on Sunday night, while the other 22 were arrested in a separate raid in BTN Puskopad Atas Kampkey, Abepura on Monday. Four out of the 22 — Nabi, Krema, Lambertus and Tandius — have been long been wanted by police.

Police are alleging that the suspects in custody killed four people and wounded seven in an attack on Aug. 1 in Kamp Nafri, Abepura. The four who were murdered include a member of the military named Don Keraf and a driver named Sardi, as well as a man named Wisman and his wife Titin. They also allegedly attacked the construction site of a TV tower in Papua.

3) House forms committee on Papua
Margareth S. Aritonang, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Tue, 09/04/2012 12:00 PM | National
The House of Representatives Commission I overseeing defense has established a working committee to focus on solutions to the ongoing violence in Papua.
Commission I chairman Mahfudz Siddiq said on Tuesday that the committee would comprise 27 lawmakers and be chaired by leaders of his commission.
"This committee aims to encourage the government to formulate comprehensive and peaceful programs in order to solve the problems in Papua," Mahfudz said.
The Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) politician added that Commission I had identified several issues in Papua including a lack of trust by locals of the government, the politics of the history of the integration of Papua into Indonesia, the poor performance of the Special Unit of Acceleration of Development in Papua and West Papua (UP4B) and the regional administration, and increasing armed violence.
"Those problems are like a vicious circle, they could be a time bomb for the Republic of Indonesia,” Mahfudz said.(iwa)

4) Indonesian police detain Papuan resistance leader

Updated 5 September 2012, 17:42 AEST
Police in Indonesia's troubled Papua region have arrested the leader of the Free Papua Organisation Daniel Kogoya in Jayapura.
Authorities say Daniel Kogoya was shot in the leg while resisting arrest and dozens of other activists were also arrested, and a number of weapons, including firearms, were seized.
The arrests are part of a recent increase in the number and scope of police and military operations in the province.
But the simmering conflict shows no sign of settling down and, while there is international pressure on Jakarta to engage in talks, there are few sign on the ground that things are changing.
The Free Papua Movement's international spokesman John Otto Ondawame says while Daniel Kogoya has been a key figure in the resistance movement for 35 years his arrest won't deter the movement.
Presenter: Bill Bainbridge
Speaker: Jason MaCleod, Australian Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Queensland----------------
5) Security Deteriorates in Papuan Village After Fatal Attack on Two Motorcyclists

The security situation in the Papuan village of Kwamki Lama in Mimika has reportedly deteriorated again on Tuesday, after two men who were mistakenly thought to be residents of Harapan kampong were fatally attacked while driving their motorcycles through a Amole, a rival kampong. 

Seki Tabuni and Nius Tabuni, who came from the neighboring district of Kuala Kencana, were about to visit their relatives in Harapan kampong when they took a road directly through Amole kampong — the men were reportedly in drunken state.

They were soon attacked by Amole residents who, thinking the motorists were Harapan residents, pursued the men carrying bows, arrows, machetes and axes, according to Mimika Police official Comr. Albertus Andreana.

One of the motorcyclists was later found dead in a nearby jungle with over 20 arrows in his body, while the dead body of the other man was found in a house in Amole. The incident took place at around 2 a.m. on Tuesday, Albertus added.

Hundreds of police officers have been dispatched to Kwamki Lama and reportedly raided homes and seized dozens of sharp objects. The police are now guarding the village. 

A group of men were also seen on guard along a section of a road in the village carrying bows and arrows, alarming ojek drivers and government officials that had to pass through the area, according to reports. 

It is not clear yet whether police have made any arrest related to Tuesday’s fatal attack.

Residents of Harapan and Amole kampongs in Kwamki Lama have been repeatedly involved in tribal clashes, especially in the past few months, some of which have been fatal.


6) Police detain gang members in Jayapura, Medan
Nethy Dharma Somba and Apriadi Gunawan, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura/Medan | Tue, 09/04/2012 8:57 AM | Archipelago
The Jayapura City Police in Papua captured suspected gang leader Dani Kogoya, who had been on the police’s most-wanted list for his alleged involvement in a number of crimes dating back to 2010.

Police apprehended Dani, who was shot in the leg after he and his two counterparts tried to evade arrest at a hotel in Jayapura on Sunday night.
“Dani is currently being treated at Bhayangkara Hospital in Jayapura,” said Papua Police spokesman Sr. Comr. Johannes Nughroho on Monday.
Among the crimes committed by Dani Kogoya’s gang, Johannes alleged, were the murder of a taxi driver and the torching of his vehicle on June 7, 2011
in Skyland.
On Aug. 1, 2011, the gang’s members were alleged to have assassinated four civilians in Nafri, as they reportedly fired eight shots into a vehicle in Abe Pantai.

According to Jayapura City Police chief Adj. Comr. Alfred Papare, the gang is also assumed to have shot to death a civilian named Riswandi Yusuf on Nov. 29, 2010.

“Dani and his [gang] members have been on our most-wanted list for their involvement in a number of murder cases,” Alfred said.

After questioning Dani and his two colleagues, police raided a house on Monday in Tanah Hitam, where they arrested 22 people. After further investigation, five people were named as suspects, while the remaining people were released.

The sweep in Tanah Hitam was followed with another raid on a house in Abepura, where police seized a number of firearms, including two guns with nearly 200 rounds of ammunition. Some traditional weapons, such as blades, axes, bows and arrows, were also found at the scene.

“There is a presumption that the house [in Abepura] was used as a base for the gang,” said Alfred.

Meantime, Johannes said that there was an indication that the crimes allegedly committed by the gang were part of their attempt to free themselves from the NKRI (Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia).

Separately, in North Sumatra, police detained four suspects who allegedly attacked police officer Aiptu Satar Tampubolon and stole his rifle in Serbelawan, Simalungun regency on Aug. 24.

The suspects, identified as Jeniper, Indra Jaya, Mukhtar and Agus Siregar, were caught in three different places: Labuhan Batu regency, Medan and Tebing Tinggi. Police seized the stolen gun from Agus.

Mashudi said that the suspects claimed that they were not terrorists.
“They said they were just thieves, who liked to steal,” said Mashudi, adding that the suspects violated article 365 and 351 of the Criminal Code, which carries a maximum penalty of 15 years imprisonment.

7) Australia, Indonesia enhance maritime, defense cooperation
Nurfika Osman and Novan Iman Santosa, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, 09/05/2012 7:03 AM | World
Australia and Indonesia have further committed to enhancing bilateral maritime search and rescue (SAR) cooperation, with both countries sharing a humanitarian interest in effective SAR capabilities.

Host Transportation Minister E.E Mangindaan and his guest, Insfrastructure and Transportation Minister Anthony Albanese, agreed to a set of activities under this area of cooperation.

“We have agreed to cooperate in six activities in the maritime search and rescue sector that will be delivered through the existing Indonesia Transport Safety Assistance Package [ITSAP], which has been successfully running for the past five years,” Mangindaan told reporters at his office on Tuesday.

Both ministers have agreed to the exchange of officers between the Indonesian National SAR Agency (Basarnas) and the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) to promote knowledge and expertise sharing, enhance ship tracking information made available to Basarnas, and to enhance maritime satellite communication technologies for Indonesia.

In addition, they will conduct more SAR exercises, establish a regular forum to exchange information and international best practices, and explore further rapid clearance for Australian aircraft to operate in Indonesian territorial airspace and to land to refuel at suitable air fields when engaging in SAR activities with Indonesia.

Seafaring safety is a major concern for both countries as thousands of boat people are trying to enter Australia from Indonesia using vessels that are not seaworthy. Australia plans to deter future arrivals by deporting boat people to the small island nation of Nauru or Papua New Guinea. The ministers, however, were tight-lipped when asked about boat people.

Albanese said the cooperation represented a significant relationship between the two countries, and Australia agreed to expand the A$38.4 million (US$39.37 million) to ITSAP, which began in 2007, to provide additional SAR activities.

“The Australian government will also make an additional A$4.42 million available to enhance coordination between Basarnas and AMSA,” he said, and to provide for an exchange of expertise and experience to improve SAR in the region.

He said both parties would finalize the agreement in December before implementing it next year.

Albanese earlier took part in a meeting at the Defense Ministry, accompanying Australian Defense Minister Stephen Smith and Defense Materiel Minister Jason Clare, who also handles the home affairs and justice portfolios.

In his capacity as Justice Minister, Clare also met with Law and Human Rights Minister Amir Syamsudin to discuss the extradition of Sayed Abbas, a people-smuggling ring leader, after the latter’s jail term in Indonesia concluded next year. In turn, Indonesia requested the extradition of Adrian Kiki Ariawan, a former Bank Surya director who was sentenced in absentia in 2002 for corruption and embezzlement involving a fund of more than $200 million.

The SAR cooperation was one of three topics being discussed during the two-day meetings, Indonesian Defense Minister Purnomo Yusgiantoro told a press conference.

The other two were defense cooperation and defense industry cooperation.

“The talks on defense industries will be held tomorrow [Wednesday],” Purnomo said.

No comments:

Post a Comment