Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Wed, September 26 2012, 9:53 AM
Insp. Gen. Tito Karnavian: (JP/Wendra Ajistyatama)
The new chief of the Papua Police, Insp. Gen. Tito Karnavian, vowed to look into unresolved human rights abuse cases in the province to open up a new era for the country’s resource-rich eastern most
“The police will conduct a comprehensive evaluation of unresolved human rights cases, including a string of mysterious killings in the last three years, which have not been completely investigated,” he said in a press conference after seeing off his predecessor, Insp. Gen. Bigman Lumban Tobing on Tuesday.
Bigman will take on his new job as an analyst in the education and training department at the National Police headquarters in Jakarta.
Tito, former commander of the National Police’s antiterror squad Detachment 88, declined to mention in detail what cases would be evaluated but local activists pointed to the mysterious deaths of Papuan people who had been accused of secessionism and terrorism.
He said that he would endeavor to orchestrate dialogues with all sides to maintain security and order, political stability and the Indonesian unitary state.
“We have become accustomed to hearing numerous ideas and concepts to which dialogues will be prioritized, but those violating the law in their attempt to implement the ideas and concepts will be facing the police and they will certainly be brought to justice,” he said.
Tito stressed that Papua has its own specialties as stipulated in Law No. 21/2001 but despite the special status, it was required to maintain its integration into the republic and that all Papuans have their obligation to nurture the unitary state, the 1945 Constitution and pluralism.
Separately, human rights activists seemed pessimistic about the news that the police would continue to handle the Papua issue from the “law enforcement point” of view.
“What the police are handling is lawful cases and crimes and they have never tried to delve into the core problems. The root problems in the province are political and human rights. Papuan people have a right to self-determination and the rights to live humanely on their own land. Many influential Papuan leaders have been criminalized and accused of separatism that has later been used as a reason to kill them,” he said.
The activist said he was skeptical about Tito’s commitment to look into unresolved human right cases because when he led Detachment 88 they killed a number of influential Papuan leaders under the government’s mission to launch systematic killings of Papuan leaders.
He cited the killings of Kelly Kwalik in Timika on Dec. 16, 2009, Makro Musa Tabuni on June 14, 2012 and David Beanal in Mimika on Sept. 23. 2012.
According to the activist, security authorities had launched terror and intimidation tactics in their fight to face the increasing separatism among Papuan people, mainly of whom are students and activists.
He called on the international world to stop the supply of armaments and training, for the Indonesian Military and the National Police, because the guns had been used to shoot and kill the people.
He said that if the government wanted to maintain the province’s integration with Indonesia, it should hold peaceful dialogues with the Papuan people and settle all unresolved human rights cases in the past.
Media Release: Indonesia Human Rights Committee applauds NZ Superannuation Fund decision to divest from Freeport McMoran on ethical grounds.
IHRC is delighted that the NZ Superannuation Fund has decided to pull its investments from the Freeport McMoran mining giant. (NZ Superannuation Fund Media Release 26 September, 2012. )
‘We have been campaigning for the Superannuation Fund and other Crown Financial Institutes to divest from Freeport for six years and we know the news will be welcomed the West Papuan people who have been campaigning about the mine’s impact on their communities for decades.’
‘The Norwegian Pension Fund divested from Freeport several years ago on environmental grounds, but the NZ Superannuation Fund has stated that the breaches of human rights by the security forces were the critical factor in their decision making. So this is an advance.’
‘We intend to call to the Super Fund Offices in Auckland on Friday to make a personal acknowledgement of this important step.’
Freeport has been directly or indirectly responsible for gross human rights abuses in West Papua since it was first granted a highly favourable contract to exploit gold and copper in the days of the Suharto dictatorship. These abuses include torture, illegal detentions, and killings. These days the area close to mine is no-go area and an area where the Indonesian security forces rule the roost. Shooting deaths are regular occurrence on the access road and last October police killed a miner and injured several others who were carrying out a lawful strike.
According to Rev Socrates Yoman a leading human rights advocate Freeport is like an ATM for the security forces – when there is conflict they can be sure of money.
The mine has destroyed a mountain considered sacred by the indigenous Amungme people and displaced thousands, destroying their forest-based subsistence lifestyle in the process. Local people live below the poverty line- only Jakarta and the mining magnates get the wealth from the enormously profitable mining enterprise.
Freeport uses a system for disposing of the mine waste tailings in the river system -outlawed almost everywhere else in the world. Over 200, 000 tonnes of waste a day are deposited in the river leading to the creation of vast dead zone where nothing grows.
For further information; Maire Leadbeater; 09-815-9000 or 0274-436-957
3) New Zealand Superannuation Fund excludes four companies on responsible investment grounds
Posted On: Wednesday, 26 September 2012
The New Zealand Superannuation Fund today announced that it had excluded four companies from its $19 billion investment portfolio, following a review of engagement priorities.
The companies were excluded for severe breaches of the Fund’s responsible investment standards where engagement was unlikely to be effective due to the context of the company’s operations or to a lack of responsiveness from the company to the issue.
The New Zealand Superannuation Fund has stepped up its ethical investment policies to exclude several high-profile international companies.
They include firms that run a well-known copper and gold mine in strife-torn West Papua in Indonesia and another that owns the earthquake-damaged Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan.
The New Zealand Superannuation Fund, sometimes known as the Cullen Fund, has long avoided investing in things such as whale meat, tobacco, many mines, and cluster bombs.
It has just increased its scope to exclude several new companies.
The fund's manager of responsible investment, Anne Maree O'Connor, says the decision follows long engagement with the companies involved.
"We've always had the option of excluding companies, and in this case, we have excluded them as an endgame to our engagement and to focus our engagement on those companies that we think we can make the most progress with."
Ms O'Connor says the fund has sold shares worth $1.3 million in Freeport McMorran Copper and Gold which runs the Grasberg mine in West Papua, blaming the company's human rights policies and its payments to Indonesian security forces.
"We had engaged with the company over a number of years. It had in fact made a lot of progress. However, it is really very difficult to make further advance, and this was reflected when there were severe strikes and problems over the last 18 months at the mine."
The fund has also sold $200,000 worth of shares in the Tokyo Electric Power Company, based on what it calls the company's breaches of environmental and safety standards relating to the Fukushima nuclear crisis.
"There was a very good report by Japan's own national investigative committee, which found some real problems in the way that the safety standards had not been developed in the way they should for such a significant nuclear company."
Other companies it will no longer invest in have been accused of bribery, corruption, toxic spills and fatal accidents.