Monday, November 4, 2013

1) UN inquiry must be NZ's first step

1) UN inquiry must be NZ's first step
2) ‘Anonymous Indonesia’ Hacks Australia Sites Over Spying


1) UN inquiry must be NZ's first step

Dominion Post 4 November 2013
New Zealand should not be putting money into a community policing programme in West Papua, writes Maire Leadbeater.
Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully has confirmed that a controversial three-year aid programme will go ahead next year in Indonesian-ruled West Papua.
I cannot believe that a $6.34 million training programme in community policing will contribute to a better life for indigenous Papuans. This police practice model is based on pre- empting problems by supporting community efforts to tackle crime. Nothing wrong with that in principle, but will this gentle approach work in West Papua, a region largely closed to the outside world where the security forces practise torture and brutality with impunity? The real aim of this aid seems to be to reassure the Indonesian authorities that New Zealandis on their side and does not support "separatism".

I have been following the programme since its early stages in 2008, thanks to documents released under the Official Information Act.
Our diplomats find that the police programme is warmly received by the governing elite. When the programme was announced in October the Papuan papers ran stories and happy photos of our officials meeting local top brass.
Last April, the New Zealand ambassador met chief of police Brigadier General Tito Karnavian, who conceded that there is a need to "train police as serving local communities, not as oppressors". General Karnavian has reasons to be well disposed to New Zealand - he trained at our Defence Force Command and Staff College back in 1998 and is a graduate of Massey's Defence and Security Studies Centre.

I wonder what he learnt from his New Zealand teachers because in many circles General Karnavian's reputation is anything but benign. He was previously head of the crack anti- terror unit Detachment 88, responsible for the 2009 extra- judicial killing of Papuan guerrilla leader Kelly Kwalik.
Since his appointment as police chief, democratic space has been narrowed to the point of vanishing altogether. Tribal leaders and activists have been arrested while gathering in prayer, demonstrating on International Democracy Day and recently marking an anniversary of the formation of the International Parliamentarians for West Papua.

It is estimated that there have been 100,000 and 200,000 conflict related deaths over the past 50 years of Indonesian rule. West Papuan activists describe their experience as "genocide", but this can be a tricky claim to establish in international law. To meet the legal definition of genocide "intent to destroy" must be established with respect to a "national, ethnical, racial or religious group".
However, two Sydney academics, Jim Elmslie and Camellia Webb-Gannon, have broken new ground with their contention that "slow motion genocide" in West Papua does meet the criteria of the 1948 UN Genocide Convention. In the latest Griffith Journal of Law and Human Dignity they say that Indonesian Government policy has been "consistently directed towards countering and eliminating Papuan attempts to create an independent state for their nation or enjoy political freedom on a par with other Indonesians". The academics detail a litany of entrenched violations from outright military sweeping campaigns, massacres and assassinations, to failed and discriminatory health services.
Indigenous Papuans are now outnumbered as the result of the systematic introduction over many years of floods of new migrants. Elmslie and Webb- Gannon claim that the Indonesian Government aims to destroy West Papuans who support independence - "a very substantial part" of the indigenous population.

New Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott has insisted that West Papuans were "better off" under Indonesian rule.
On the other side of the ledger, Vanuatu's Prime Minister Moana Carcasses Kalosil addressed the United Nations General Assembly last month and called for the UN to investigate alleged human rights abuses as well as the political status of West PapuaIndonesia claims its incorporation of the territory was legitimate and cites a 1969 United Nations- sponsored referendum.
But only 1022 press-ganged Papuan men participated in the so called "Act of Free Choice" which has since been shown to be fraudulent. Western nations chose to look away - Indonesia was a Cold War ally and the right of all peoples to self-determination was secondary.

As a party to the Genocide Convention New Zealand is obliged to take a stand if the case is proved, but it would be inhumane to sit on our hands.
We should support Vanuatu in its call for a UN investigation. But first we should give up the idea that we can make a positive difference by training the Indonesian police in how to be nice.
Maire Leadbeater is from the New Zealand group West Papua Action.
2) ‘Anonymous Indonesia’ Hacks Australia Sites Over Spying

Sydney. Activist group Anonymous Indonesia on Monday claimed it had defaced more than 170 Australian websites to protest at reports of Canberra spying on its nearest neighbor and strategic ally.
“Hundreds of Australian Websites Attacked for #OpAustralia By Indonesian Hackers,” it posted on Twitter, listing the sites which appeared to be mostly small businesses that ended with the Australian domain .au.
Calling up the web pages was met with the message: “Stop Spying on Indonesia” underneath an Indonesian flag imprinted with a black graphic of the face of Guy Fawkes, whose image is used as a mask by Anonymous internationally.
The sites appear to have been selected at random, covering businesses involved in everything from catering to dry cleaning and bouncy castle hire.
Australia’s relationship with close neighbor Indonesia is under pressure after reports last week that Canberra’s overseas diplomatic posts were involved in a vast US-led surveillance network.
Missions in Indonesia, as well as embassies or consulates in China, were reportedly used to monitor phone calls and collect data, sparking demands for an explanation from Jakarta and Beijing.
On Sunday, The Guardian newspaper cited a document from US whistleblower Edward Snowden showing Australia and the US also mounted a joint surveillance operation on Indonesia during the 2007 UN climate change conference in Bali.
The Australian government has said it does not comment on intelligence matters.
Anonymous is believed to be a loosely organized hacker collective that conducts online attacks internationally, most recently in Singapore on Friday when a newspaper website was defaced over Internet freedom in the city-state.
Agence France-Presse

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