1) Police told to be proactive in conflict-prone regions
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | National | Sun, January 05 2014, 2:41 PM
The Indonesia Police Watch (IPW) has called on the National Police (Polri) to be proactive in strengthening security and maintaining public order in six regions deemed the most prone to social conflicts, particularly ahead of the 2014 elections.
The six regions are Central Java, Jakarta, North Sumatra, Papua, South Sulawesi and West Java.
“In 2013, 24 social conflicts in Papua claimed 59 lives, including that of three police officers and nine Indonesian Military (TNI) personnel, and injured 92 other people,” IPW chairman Neta S. Pane said in Jakarta on Sunday as quoted by Antara news agency.
He said most of the social conflicts in Papua were between residents and groups. “The most concerning incident was a riot that broke out after the final match of amateur boxing tournament Nabire Regent Club in July 2013 in which 18 people were killed,” said Neta.
West Java ranked the second province most prone to social conflicts. Student brawls and biker gang brawls in the province resulted in the highest number of deaths among all the regions.
“As many as 10 deaths were caused by student brawls while nine other deaths were due to biker gang attacks,” said Neta.
“If such the condition continues, it will contribute significantly to security problems in the political year of 2014,” said Neta.
“Polri needs to anticipate social conflicts so that they do not disrupt the presidential and legislative elections,” he went on. (ebf)
Suicide often occurs in Manokwari , do women victims of domestic violence are never saved and no longer able to continue his life , "revealed Fien told reporters yesterday .Jayapura - The high suicide rate that afflicts young women in Papua , Human Rights Working Network woman claimed Papua result of the impact of human trafficking , domestic violence (domestic violence ) chronic , as well as sexual violence . No doubt , the three factors that become the mode for these young women to end his life .
TIKI Coordinator Network of Women Human Rights in Papua , Fien Jarangga revealed , based on reports of women activists and human rights activists for Manokwari city as well as a union adviser Arfak Manowakri Indigenous women , there are at least two cases of suicide and attempted suicide that occurred within the last three months in Manokwari city . Mentioned Fien , perpetrators were female victims of domestic violence , sexual assault and human trafficking are neglected and never received any help or support . " They reportedly committed suicide by drinking poison insect killer .
It is said Fien , Manokwari District Attorney informed that cases of domestic violence and sexual abuse of children / young women who reported still quite high at an average of 5 cases per month .
In addition , also found shades sexist verbal abuse and racist by local officials against any Papuan women . As per the data available in October 2013 , the National Commission received a complaint of a Papuan women who experienced verbal abuse in the form of ridicule degrading sexual identity as primordial identities as women and indigenous Papuan women .
" Verbal violence is carried out by a local official , namely a Regional Secretary in the district Supiori , Biak , " he said .
Meanwhile , also found searches , threats and beatings against women , women's human rights lawyers and activists . Women activists and human rights of women workers in
Abepura , Timika and Wamena reported intimidation , raids and beatings by law enforcement officials and community activists terhadapperempuan - women and women human rights defenders .
" Medio August and September 2013 from Wamena reported a female lawyer and a male human rights activists of women experiencing violence and threats from the police and members of the public because they are defending human rights activities .
This creates fear and anxiety resulting in one of them left Wamena for a while and looking for a sense of security in other cities , " he said .
Connect Fien , did not stop there , in September 2012 a woman in her Timika reported experiencing verbal abuse and beaten by police officers who
searched his home and his son were allegedly looking for improvised explosive devices related cases associated with the activity of the National Committee of West Papua ( KNPB ) . Not only that , another woman also claimed his house was searched at midnight until about the early days by a group of men in uniform black , masked and armed barrel length that emit red light . The house was ransacked and the victim attended a few hours , the officers did not find what they are looking at the house and left residents terrified .
" Previously , a female student activists in Abepura raided and followed law enforcement officials for allegedly associated with the activity ( leader ) KNPB , " he explained .
According to Fien , these events led to the maintenance of a sense of fear , frustration and anger as a result of various acts of violence , shootings and killings unresolved . Community even women and women's rights activist partner National Commission for Women in Wamena and Timika reported that incidents of violence , shootings and homicides involving ordinary citizens and security forces , which continue to occur without properly and thoroughly resolved in the two cities that have preserved a sense of fear , disappointment and widespread anger among the public .
Recognized Fien , in the handling of these cases , community / family of the victim would prefer and give priority to traditional mechanisms as a way of settling the problem of domestic violence and other violence against women . Although it is recognized that the traditional mechanisms do not provide a sense of justice for the victim , and the victim mereviktimisasi impunity .
However , the community of women victims and survivors of domestic violence , especially in Wamena , states reject traditional mechanisms and desires that domestic violence cases are handled legally .
" Weak law enforcement for domestic violence cases . Police and the State Attorney Manokwari , Timika and the police and local government Biak acknowledge that domestic violence cases are often handled by custom . Law No.21 of 2001 on Special Autonomy used to legitimize customary settlement .
However , repeated domestic violence cases and cases of VAW and domestic violence involving two different tribes certainly handled legally . Especially with regard to cases of sexual violence against
child / adolescent daughter , law enforcement in a number of districts in Papua and West Papua ( Biak , Jayapura , Manokwari , Timika and Wamena Merauke ) states refused the customary settlement and seeks the highest possible sentence ( a maximum prison sentence of 8-12 yrs ) for a deterrent effect the actors and the general public , " he explained .
Fien give an example , Manokwari district police never initiated a recovery program for young women victims of violence , in collaboration with the National Commission on Children in Jakarta.
Unfortunately , the elimination of violence against women and girls is not a priority fulfillment Regional Head district level . Throughout 2011 and 2012, the National Commission for Women and TIKI network in a number of districts to advocate the elimination of VAW and the fulfillment of women's human rights through policy dialogue mechanism with the local government , among others, in Biak , Merauke , Manokwari , Timika and Wamena .
" But none of the head region ( Regent , Vice Regent or Secretary) of the district is willing to give time for policy dialogue on the elimination of VAW and the fulfillment of women's human rights responsibilities . Officials Agency / Bureau and Assistant District PPPA related government ever dialogue with the National Commission for Women and TIKI during 2010 to 2012 reported the limited capacity of human and financial resources to perform its duties optimally .
As a result, not much they can do when compared to the magnitude of the problem of violence against women and children in Papua , " he explained .
More clearly said Fien , neglect of basic rights of women survivors of state violence . documented in the report of the National Commission of Human Rights and its partners titled " Stop It : Testimonies of Papuan Women victims of Violence and Violations of Human Rights 1963-2009 " , reported that since their cases are reported and advocated at the district and provincial level until the end of 2013 there has been no follow- any further than the local government for the fulfillment of the rights of victims to truth , justice and reparations .
"The condition of the survivors has not changed , neglected , stigmatized and some of them inedible disease and age are increasingly frail .
This was reported by a community of survivors and human rights defenders from Biak , Genyem , Keerom , Manokwari , Merauke , Sarmi , Timika and Wasior . And towards the end of 2012 , two survivors of state violence Biak , the Biak case of Dengue victims and survivors of military operations in Biak 1960s , which still continue to expect to receive back his rights for the Truth , Justice and Recovery , has passed away due to illness he suffered , " he said . ( lea/don/l03 )