Wednesday, March 18, 2015

1) Expansion of Papua Province About to Discuss This Year

3) Papuan Churches Urges Jokowi to Form KPP HAM
4) Military Commander: First Sergeant Murib Was Release Because Proven Not Selling Bullets


1) Expansion of Papua Province About to Discuss This Year

Jakarta, Jubi – Legislators and the Ministry of Home Affairs will hold a discussion on plans for 80 new autonomous regions (DOB) including a new province in Papua on March 23, a legislator said.
Most of the DOBs are for new regencies in central and eastern Indonesia.
“We will discuss it after the recess. After Kalimantan Utara, which has become a province, there is one in the submissions to the province of Papua. However, its complete draft has not been received yet, ” Deputy chairman of commission II, Ahmad Riza last week.
DOB would be discussed again by the parliament and the Ministry of Home Affairs after revoking moratorium division this year. The legislators proposed about 25 DOB and the rest would come from the Ministry of Home Affairs.
“We will discuss together to find a match between the expansion and the needs of the community with a view of fiscal improvement in the areas concerned,” he stated.
This year, all proposals would be discussed in the National Legislation Program (Prolegnas). (*)

2) The Increasing Spread of HIV in Low-Risk Households

Posted On 18 Mar 2015

Jakarta – The trend of people-to-people transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has shifted from what was previously triggered by high-risk activity to that of the low-risk group, which is in the households. The government is therefore expected to increase efforts in preventing the virus spread.
In September 2014, the Directorate General for Disease Control and Environmental Health at the Ministry of Health recorded 6,539 AIDS patients who are housewives, the highest amongst all professions.
HIV transmission among housewives has outnumbered that of the sex workers, traditionally regarded as a high-risk group, which is now placed sixth with 2,052 people infected by the virus.
“Theoretically, the government knows the pattern of (virus) transmission which reaches the groups with low-risk behavior, yet there is a lack of anticipation,” said the Executive Director of Family Planning Association in Indonesia Inang Winarso, as reported by
The trend has been predicted since 1987, or the time HIV was first discovered in Indonesia. According to Inang Winarso, HIV transmission is considered to have entered its ‘fourth wave’ as the virus has spread among the housewives.
The first wave happened during the 1987-1997 period, which was signified by viral infection in homosexual men. In 1997-2007, when the second wave took place, drug users were infected through the use of non-sterile needles. The third wave of HIV transmission then occurred between 2007 and 2011, through heterosexual intercourses involving commercial sex workers.
More recently, the fourth wave started in 2011. According to Inang Winarso’s estimation, for the last three years, the number of AIDS patient who are housewives had doubled each year. The new trend started in Papua, which directly entered the fourth phase of HIV transmission in 2010.
In September 2014, Papua was at the third position as the region with the highest number of HIV infection cases, after Jakarta and West Java. Papua has the highest prevalence rate, with 566.50 HIV infections per 100,000 residents.
According to an anthropologist at Cendrawasih University, Jack Morin, the number of women infected with HIV in Papua was almost equal to men in December 2014. This indicates the high virus spread amongst housewives in Papua.
Jack is in the opinion that one of the contributing factors is a strong patriarchal culture, especially in rural areas.
“There are 276 ethnicities in Papua, almost all of them have patriarchal culture,” said Jack Morin as quoted by
In a culture where husbands are the family breadwinner, a lot of men work in other provinces and rarely come home. If the husbands have sexual intercourse with sex workers, their wives will be more vulnerable of being infected by the HIV.
The government is being urged to take immediate action to suppress the increase of HIV transmission amongst the housewives by encouraging the use of condoms.
In contrast to the sex workers, housewives have greater risk of being infected by the HIV. They also have an important role for the nation, which is to give birth to healthy babies.
“It is still in the early stage. If it is late, the trend of transmission will go to the fifth wave, which is the spread of HIV through babies,” said Inang.
Since 2013, there has been a program for HIV test involving pregnant mothers. One of the reason is to prevent the spread of HIV spread in babies, from a mother who is HIV positive. With the national health insurance, the test is free of charge.
News source: Kompas.comTranslated by Arvelia edited by GIV Editor

3) Papuan Churches Urges Jokowi to Form KPP HAM

Jayapura, Jubi – Ecumenical Churches Working Forum in Papua urged the President of Indonesia to form the Investigation Team on Human Right Violation (KPP HAM) to accomplish the shooting case in Paniai occurred in 8 December 2014.
The Papuan Gospel Tabernacle Church Synod Chairman Rev. Benny Giay in the Press Release said after four months there is still no explication on who’s responsible behind the bloody incident. He further said the investigation report published by Papua Police on 5 March 2015 seems miss the expectation.
“Papua Police seems to protect their officers. They tried to split the case into separated case; therefore it became unclear and difficult to find the shooting perpetrator. It seems they ignored the substance of charge against the victims. The investigation was biased and took side on certain institution. The case of severe human right violation was guided to be a regular criminal case,” Benny Giay said this week.
On the other hand, he said the Military seems to remain silent and acted as if they were not involved in this case. The Police and Military silently seems point their fingers to each other. Besides the local Air Force Commander has not yet confirmed about two persons who placed on the Enarotali Airport tower at that time. Until now people are still waiting the result of those who promised to immediately reveal the perpetrator.
“Death and destruction are now hanging on our mind and heart. The angel of death is moving to our land. The Police and Military who represented the State were not working. In fact, both institutions become the angel of death to destroy Papua,” he said.
The Papuan Baptism Church Synod Chairman Rev. Socrates Yoman similarly said based on these understanding and reflection, it has been long time the church baptism dealing with violence from decades. “Look at this progress as the Military/Police effort to avoid and protect themselves by burying the source of killed that to be another violence,” Yoman said.
Meanwhile the Evangelical Church President Rev. Dorman Wandikmbo said his church asked Jokowi to form the KPP HAM before he visit to Papua and question all related parties. Jokowi also should appoint a ministerial-level State Official to manage the conflict issue between Papua and Jakarta through a dialog mediated by third impartial party.
“We also hope that people to grasp this dialogue discourse by ending the weapons and bullets trading in Papua which supplied by military/police officers since September to December 2014 and giving priority to those who arranged a dialogue between Jakarta – Papua that currently under consideration of many parties and Papua Peace Network to prevent the further conflict. Papuan women who had been the victims for long time ago should be the motivators to heading a process of dialogue,” he said. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)

4) Military Commander: First Sergeant Murib Was Release Because Proven Not Selling Bullets

Jayapura, Jubi – Cenderawasih XVII Regional Military Commander Major General Fransen G Siahaan revealed the First Sergeant Murib was released because he was not proven selling bullets to the armed group in Papua.
“He was founded not being involved after investigation. It referred to the Military Police Commander’s report,” the Regional Military Commander Siahaan said in Jayapura this week.
“If it was proven the suspects would be six persons rather than five, right? So I said if it was not proven why should we arrested him?” he added.
About other five military officers who currently on trial, he said he could not tolerate those who sell weapons or bullets to the rebel groups. “I hope they got the heaviest punishment such as death penalty or at least the life sentence and dismissal. Traitors don’t deserve a tolerance,” he said.
When asked about the five suspects might be jealous and disappointed because the First Sergeant Murib was allegedly initiator of bullet trading but he was released then, the commander said it was fine as long as they had evidence. “They could be upset, but where’s the evidence? We referred to the legal process and criminal accusation. We cannot punish him if he was founded not guilty. If we do so we might be taken to the court for pretrial. Moreover the pretrial is becoming a trend today,” he said.
He answered a question about a rumor saying there’s intervention from an important person in Papua Government related to the release of First Sergeant Murib. “No. I never received a call related this issue. Please pay attention, no one dare to intervene the legal process. Whoever they are. Anyone please do not politicize it,” he said. (*/rom)

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