Thursday, July 27, 2017

1) Papuan student jailed for resisting arrest in Yogyakart



1) Papuan student jailed for resisting arrest in Yogyakarta

Yogyakarta | Thu, July 27, 2017 | 06:00 pm

Dozens of Papuan students stage a rally in support of Obby Kogoya in front of the Yogyakarta District Court on July 27. (JP/Bambang Muryanto)

Obby Kogoya, 22, a Papuan student in Yogyakarta, has been sentenced to jail for resisting arrest by police officers during a protest in July last year.
Yogyakarta District Court sentenced Obby to four months’ imprisonment suspended for one year during a hearing on Thursday.
The judges said the Papuan activist was found guilty of committing violence against police officers, a violation Article 212 of the Criminal Code (KUHP).
“The defendant does not need to serve his four-month imprisonment but if he breaks the law during his one-year probation, he must serve his jail sentence,” presiding judge Wiwik Wisnuningdyah said.
Obby, deputy coordinator of the Tolikara Student Group in Yogyakarta, is now the first Papuan student in the City of Students to have received a prison sentence because of political activism.
Obby refused to obey police orders when they asked him to stop his motorcycle on his way to the Kamasan Papuan Student Boarding House compound on Jl. Kusumanegara, Yogyakarta, to attend a peaceful rally to celebrate the Papuan People’s Free Choice (Pepera) anniversary on July 15, 2016.
The sentence was lower than that demanded by prosecutors, who sought a six-month sentence suspended for one year for the Respati Yogyakarta University (Unriyo) student.
Obby, via his lawyer Emanuel Gobay from the Yogyakarta Legal Aid Institute (LBH), said he would first consider the sentence before deciding whether to file an appeal. (ebf)


Jakarta, Jubi – The highest child poverty rates is in the provinces of Papua, West Papua and East Nusa Tenggara, respectively 35.57 percent, 31.03 percent, and 26.42 percent. While the lowest rates were in the provinces of Bali, DKI Jakarta and South Kalimantan, respectively at 5.39 percent, 5.55 percent, and 6.06 percent.
This was revealed in the launching of Child Poverty Analysis Book and Deprivation of Basic Rights of Children in Indonesia by BPS (Central Bureau of Statistics) with The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in Jakarta, Tuesday (July 25).

Head of the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) Suhariyanto emphasized the importance of database related to child poverty so that policies taken by the government can be effective to overcome the problem.
According to him, poverty is one of the root causes of children’s obstacles to grow and develop based to their maximum potential. Growing in poverty affects children’s health and nutrition, educational attainment and psychosocial well-being of children.

As of March 2016, the poor population in Indonesia reached 28.01 million people where 40.22 percent of them are children that is 11.26 million of people.
Based on the National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas) March 2016, nationally, the percentage of poor children in Indonesia is 13.31 percent. Almost half of poor children in Indonesia are in Java, which is 47.39 percent.
Demographics and household characteristics are also very influential with child poverty in Indonesia.

Children living in households with five or more household members are at a higher risk of becoming poor than those living in households with fewer than five households.
Child poverty is measured through a broader and mulitidimensional aspect, such as the difficulty of access to adequate housing, nutritionally adequate food, health and education services, and the right to receive birth registration.
Head of the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), Bambang Brodjonegoro, said that sustainable development should start with the children.
“This book is an important effort to gain a uniform understanding of child poverty, not only monetary but also multidimensional, so it is hoped that in the future the right policy direction can be formulated,” said Bambang.(*)



Wamena, Jubi – The Government of Nduga District currently is in desperate need of teachers for all levels of education, kindergarten to high school.
This was stated by Assistant I of Regional Secretary Nduga government, Namia Gwijangge to reporters after opening Technical Assistance (Bimtek) and debriefing for 17 new contract teachers in Wamena, Monday (July 24).
“In recent years we have been trying to open schools of kindergarten, elementary, junior high, high school and vocational school but we have teacher shortages,”said Namia Gwijangge.
He explained that by 2015, the government of Nduga has received 73 contract teachers and in 2017 as many as 17 people.

Currently, Namia explained, the Education and Culture Office of Nduga, through the special autonomy budget of 2017, has budgeted funds to contract kindergarten, elementary, junior high and high school teachers.
Namia explained, through the briefing of this contract teacher, they will be placed in Nduga for five years of service. He continued, although the needs of teachers are still on demand in Nduga, but the quota is only 20 people that will be placed into schools as needed.
“Each month we give them (teachers contract) a salary of Rp5 million. We will place them in all schools spread across 32 districts, which the education department also plans to receive contract teachers more in 2018, “he said.
Namia Gwijangge added, specifically for the education office, there is a quota of acceptance CPNS (civil servant candidates) 2013 as many as 47 people who allocated for education. However, the result of CPNS formation 2013 has not been announced so that the agency must look for contract teachers every year.

Secretary of Nduga District Education Office, Samuel Pabundu, admitted that up to now there are about 90 contract teachers and 200 teachers of public servant status in all education units in Nduga District.
The education office, Samuel explained, has also opened schools all the way to remote districts, but for elementary schools there are 29 schools that are still in dire need of teachers.
“Therefore, to meet this need we can not wait for the results of the announcement CPNS in 2013 which until now has not been announced, it is urgent, so we recruit the additional 17 teachers based on contract then around 73 so there will be 90 teachers, “said Samuel Pabundu.(*)



Jayapura, Jubi – Thousands of school teachers under the Christian Education Foundation (YPK) in Papua have not been certified.
Chairman of Christian Education Foundation (YPK) Papua Province, Nomensen Mambraku said from 8,539 teachers who are under YPK in Papua only 40 percent have been certified.
“60 percent (over 5 thousand-red) of them are uncertified, in the future we will try all teachers under the YPK will conduct certification exams,” he told Jubi.

According to Nomensen, teachers must have certification because they have to master the material of education to be submitted. But there is something more important, a teacher must master the method that determines the learning process. Teachers who master methods are better than teachers who only master the material.
“That means, all methods, media, references, etc. are meaningless if the teacher is not able to play the role properly, the teacher is very important in the world of education then must have good human resources, the absolute in the learning process,” he said.

It is said that as a professional, a teacher must have an educational standard that can be achieved by having academic qualifications, competence, and educator certificate.
“As professionals, of course there are consequences or feasibility standards that must be taken by a teacher, one must have a certified competency,” he said.
Previously, Head of Jayapura City Education Office, I Wayan Mudiyasa revealed, that in Jayapura city, teachers who have been certified only 40 percent.
“We hope that in the future all teachers are certified in accordance with the current curriculum of K-13,” he said. (*)



Wamena, Jubi – After a peaceful demonstration in the education office last week, teachers have returned on Tuesday (July 25), questioned educational fund that has not been received until now.
The arrival of teachers from various educational units questioned the extent to which the education department’s communication promised to evaluate all the education funds that become the questions of the teachers.
Darius Yusuk, representative of Jayawijaya teacher said their previous aspirations had been conveyed through a rally on 18 July. However, there was no response up to this day, so the teachers returned to the education office to question their rights, namely certification and non-certification funds and social assistance funds.
He said, unfortunately they stil do not get any response. No single person, whether the head of department and related officials, is in place.
“The results of last week’s meeting did not fulfilled, and earlier (Tuesday) the secretary of the department said that they are waiting for the head of the office that is still out of town, then we were asked to comeback within a couple of days. They will make coordination and the result will be delivered to us,”he said.

Based on central government regulations, he said, teachers who have a Unique Number of Education and Education Personnel (NUPTK) must receive certification or non-certification funds and social assistance funds.
“But so far, only elementary and junior high school teachers got those funds, while highschool, vocational school do not, no matter we have NUPTK. That is one of our questions to the office,” he said.
The amount of non-certification funds per person for one quarter ranges from Rp712 thousand to Rp750 thousand.
“While the amount for this certification calculated all working period are between Rp40 million to Rp 47 million, while the social assistance fund is Rp60 million to Rp70 million per person.”

According to him, all teachers of elementary, junior high, and vocational school will also convey their complaints to the regent and vice regent of Jayawijaya.
While the Secretary of Education Office, Bambang Budiandoyo admitted that this has been discussed with the heads of the department, but unfortunately the person in charge is still out of office.
But Bambang acknowledges, this is actually just a matter of communication and socialization that does not work well in every field that regulates the rights of the teacher.
“We will make communication with regional secretary, especially the heads of the field to make evaluation, possibly on Thursday everything is gathered,” said Bambang. (*)



Sentani, Jubi – Doctoral program on the history of church and culture of Papua at STT (Theological College) Walter Post Jayapura held a seminar and book exhibition titled “From Post 7 to World” at Walter Post Hall Building Jayapura, Monday to Tuesday (July 24-25).
Chairman of the KINGMI Synod in Tanah Papua Pdt. Dr. Benny Giay to Jubi said, July became the month of education in the church and prioritize the education of the congregation.
“This July children return to school and college, so we choose this activity in July, parents who understand good education will build a good and healthy church,” said Giay, Monday (July 25).
He explained, many Papuan children’s books are on display, either from STT Walter Post, or other. Among them are books on church development, change, conflict, theoretical and church-focused violence.
“These books should open the eyes of the congregation in order to see the reality and who is behind, and continue the agenda that weakens us Papuans in all areas, so how can the church congregate, not just watch it, but can take control,” Benny said.

Among the authors of the book from the STT Walter Post are the doctoral candidates: Sofyan Yoman, Benny Magai, and Chairman of STT Walter Post Masmur Asso.
“This is something extraordinary because the spirit of writing is very high and we should be grateful, and I am proud of the launch of Wilem Boby’s book on Asmat held last July 22,” he said.
Three new Doctors
The Doctoral Program of STT Walter Post Jayapura also confirmed three new doctors in the STT WPJ campus building on Wednesday (July 26). The three doctors are Dr. Sofyan Yoman, Dr. Mazmur Asso, and Dr. Benny Pigay.
Chairman of the Synod of KINGMI in Papua Benny Giay said the giving of titles such as this started in the third and fourth centuries.
“The spirit of giving the title is to serve the community, not for its own sake, not for politics and power alone, but a doctorate in the church we say, to wash the feet of the congregation, the one who come down to the new congregation can get a doctorate,” he said .
He hopes that the three confirmed doctors can come down to people and understand the problems his parish faces, looking down the political, cultural, and human rights issues that affect the life behavior of the congregation.

“If he has come down and he can understand directly the family life and the lives of children,” he said.
Giay said, with the program means to multiply and encourage their own culture. What were problems in the past and what became the strength for church leaders in the 60s, 80s and could take lesson from the change happened in those days.
Dr. Benny advised the young Papuan generation to be diligent by learning and building a reading culture. Otherwise Papuans will be forever left behind.
Mean while Dr. Benny Pigay is grateful for his doctorate. He said there were three types of creature beings who were impoverished Papuans.
“The first creature is the government, the second creature who took refuge in the churches are immigrants, the third creature is Papuan people themselves who can do many things but only benefit the immigrants,” he explained. (*)

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