Tuesday, May 21, 2013

1) Freeport tunnel victims all evacuated

1) Freeport tunnel victims all evacuated

2) Freeport Death Toll Reaches 28 as Indonesia Reviews Mines

3) Freeport's Ceased Production Costs State $1.82 Million a Day  

4) RI and PNG consider joint investments in energy and mineral resources

5) Benny Wenda: The World Must Know Why Papua Wants Independence

6) Inside Indonesia's Media Complex

7) Australia Must Engage With Asia: Richard Woolcott

8) The Thinker: A Questionable Prize for SBY



1) Freeport tunnel victims all evacuated

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Thirty-eight workers buried in a collapsed tunnel at the Big Gossan underground training facility at the PT Freeport Indonesia mine have been all evacuated.
A statement released by Freeport said that eight bodies were removed from the collapsed tunnel on the last day of rescue efforts on Tuesday.
They were identified as Daniel Tedy Eramuri, David Gobay, Febry Tandungan, Ferry Edison Pangaribuan, Herman Susanto, Lestari Siahaan, Lewi Mofu, and Wandi.
In total, 28 workers died and 10 survived.
“This tragedy is a strong slap for PT Freeport Indonesia concerning the safety and security of its workers,” said Yan Mandenas, head of Commission D at the Papua Legislative Council in Jayapura, on Tuesday.
“Freeport has to carry out a thorough evaluation so such a tragedy won’t happen again,” he added. (ebf)

2) Freeport Death Toll Reaches 28 as Indonesia Reviews Mines

Jakarta/Singapore. The death toll from a collapsed tunnel at Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc.’s Grasberg complex reached 28 as Indonesia said it would review all mining operations following one of its worst mining accidents.
The rescue team recovered the remaining bodies that were buried at the accident site of the world’s second-largest copper mine, Thamrin Sihite, director general of coal and minerals at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, told reporters on Tuesday in Jakarta.
Operations at the mine in Mimika, Papua province, about 3,120 kilometers east of Jakarta, will remain suspended until after an investigation is concluded, the government said.
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono ordered related ministries to review safety at all mines in Indonesia, Sihite said earlier.
Phoenix, Arizona-based Freeport, which got 20 percent of its operating income from Indonesia last year, was still shipping material produced from the mine as of May 17, its local unit said last week.
Ten workers have been rescued from the site, Freeport said on Tuesday.
The “Freeport accident is one of the worst mining accidents in Indonesia,” Sihite told reporters in Jakarta on Tuesday. “I don’t want this to happen again.”
The death toll compares with 31 from a blast at a coal mine in Indonesia’s West Sumatra province in June 2009.
Freeport Indonesia had no update on shipments, Daisy Primayanti, vice president of corporate communications, said on Tuesday.
CEO Arrives
Freeport chief executive officer Richard Adkerson, who arrived in Indonesia on May 18, has been visiting injured workers along with Freeport Indonesia president director Rozik B. Soetjipto.
“I am deeply saddened and disturbed by this event,” Adkerson said in a statement on Monday. “Our focus continues to be continuing efforts to gain access to the victims still buried at the accident, carried out as quickly as can be done safely.”
Indonesia generated $1.3 billion in operating income for Freeport last year, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Freeport owns 91 percent of the mine, which also produces gold, and Indonesia’s government holds the rest, according to the company’s website.
A government team has started an investigation into the accident, studying geological data, structure and maps, Sihite said.
Once the evacuation process is finished, the team will check the site to determine the cause of the accident, he said.
“Grasberg mine operations including milling will be stopped until the investigation is concluded and Freeport has agreed to this,” Sihite said.
The halt applies to underground and open-pit mining, he said. “Only maintenance works are allowed. We will investigate all operations.”

WEDNESDAY, 22 MAY, 2013 | 02:39 WIB
3) Freeport's Ceased Production Costs State $1.82 Million a Day  
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Thamrin Sihite, director general of mineral and coal at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources said that since PT Freeport Indonesia stopped all production activities following the underground tunnel collapse, the state is losing revenue.
"As an impact, states revenues would be delayed," Thamrin said on Tuesday, May 21.
According to Thamrin's calculation, the potential loss of revenue is approximately US$1.82 million per day. The calculation is based on the assumption that Freeport's mine daily production volume reaches up to 86 million tons on normal days.
Nevertheless, Thamrin said the government will not set a deadline to the production halt, and will continue to prioritize rescue efforts and further evaluation.
Thamrin was unwilling to say what penalties Freeport could be given over what happened. He said that the important thing now is to complete evacuation and conduct an evaluation to determine the cause of the incident. "To prevent similar things from happening again," he said.
On May 14, the training facility tunnel belonging to US-owned gold and copper mining company, PT Freeport Indonesia, collapsed. Thirty-eight workers were buried in the Big Gossan mine located in the Tembagapura District, Papua.
The Energy Ministry on Tuesday announced that all workers buried in the underground tunnel have been found. Of the 38 training participants buried in the tunnel, 21 died while 10 were injured.


4) RI and PNG consider joint investments in energy and mineral resources

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Indonesia and Papua New Guinea are sounding out the possibility of joint investments in energy and mineral resources at the border of the two countries.
“Joint investments could bring benefits to both countries,” said Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Jero Wacik after a meeting with Papua New Guinea’s State Owned Enterprises and Investment Minister Ben Micah in Jakarta on Tuesday.
Indonesia and Papua New Guinea also aim to establish a wide variety of cross-border partnerships that will help improve security in the area.
“We discussed plans for the Papua New Guinea prime minister’s visit next month,” said Wacik, as quoted by Antara news agency.
Ben Micah said that few energy and mineral resources along the border of the two countries had been exploited.
“We will establish a joint company with state-owned oil and gas company PT Pertamina to explore resources,” he said.
Three multinational oil and gas companies – ExxonMobil, Total SA and Shell – are exploring vigorously in Papua New Guinea. (fan/ebf)
TUESDAY, 21 MAY, 2013 | 16:48 WIB
5) Benny Wenda: The World Must Know Why Papua Wants Independence
TEMPO.CO, Oxford - The issue of Papuan independence resurfaced after Free West Papua activist Benny Wenda opened a campaign office branch in Oxford, England, on April 28. The Indonesian government reacted strongly and summoned the British ambassador in Indonesia. England then confirmed its support and respect for the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia.
"This office (was established) to make the world understand why the people of Papua is fighting for independence," Benny told Kartika Chandra of Tempo in an interview at a cafe in Cowley Road, Oxford, on Wednesday May 15.

What made you finally decide to open a Free West Papua office in Oxford?
The Free West Papua campaign began in 2005. It's just a campaign. Now, as there are plenty of support from everywhere around the world, and because there are many requests for it, I have to have an official office. We have friends who volunteer to help (our campaign) so we needed a campaign center to help provide an understanding (of the organization) to the world. That's the purpose of this office's establishment; to provide insights for both the people of Indonesia and the international community on why the Papuans want independence and separation from Indonesia.
It's not because of poverty. Not because of anything; but because we have the rights. Under Indonesian international-based law; that's what we are rejecting. My struggle is not an emotional one. It is not based on my dislike towards the people of Indonesia. But because the state, the Indonesian military, the Indonesian police, the Indonesian leaders have committed murder and tortured the Papuans. So it is better for us to be independent. Maybe with (independence) we could live better as neighbors. That's the purpose of my struggle.
Who are the supporters of Free West Papua in England?
Oxford is a place I can call home. The people in Oxford are interested about our cause, beginning from the church and the youth community, all activists support this struggle; councilors, lawmakers, priests, and the people. Not only Christians, but Muslims as well; they sympathize with us. They know what's happened to the people of East Timor. They do not want that to happen to the Papuans.
Is that why you chose Oxford when coming to England?
There used activists from the University of Oxford that campaigned about Papua before I came.
With the office now opened, are there any changes in the Free West Papua movement?
It used to be just a regular campaign, especially in the UK. But with this office, as the campaign had gone global, there should be a place to accommodate all the information needs.
The office has six staff, two are paid and the rest work voluntarily. It operations are being financed by individual support and donations. Benny also hold fundraises, including by giving speeches and singing).
How will you realize Papua's independence through the campaigns?
If people do not understand the problem, they cannot support (the struggle for) independence. What I tell you are my own experiences. I saw my aunt get raped in front of me when I was little. I saw my Mama being beaten. Those are where my sentiments arose. We are all human beings so why are treated like that? I lived for five years in the forest after Papua surrendered to Indonesia. My uncle was killed in front of me. In our campaign, I share my stories to help people understand why the Papuans want independence.
You recently had a world campaign. Where did you go?
The United States, New Zealand, Australia, Fiji, Vanuatu, and Papua New Guinea.
What do you think about the Indonesian government's response over the opening of this office?
I speak to my people, my nation. I am not disturbing the Indonesian state administration. Before Indonesia's independence in 1945, Papua was never included in the frame of the Republic of Indonesia. After 1963, the Indonesian military illegally annexed us. From then on Indonesia claimed West Papua as a part of the republic. I do not worry for my country's independence campaign. And I'm sure we will separate from Indonesia. After we are independent, we can be good neighbors with Indonesia. Right now we have not been able to be good neighbors because--politically, the Indonesian military and the Indonesian police see Papuans as second-class citizens, and see the nation of Papua as a colony.
If the government asks to negotiate, would you be willing?
I have faith for a dialogue, there are Papuans whom (the government) have approached. They promised (for a dialogue), but they sent the military. So, the Papuans don’t the kind of trust needed to deal with Indonesia, and the same goes for Indonesia in dealing with Papua.
Do you think there is any chance for the Indonesian government to change their attitude about Papua?
Right now the Papuans are asking for a dialogue. The President had promised this last year, but he had never been involved with the Papuans (directly). That's the problem. So, Papuans come to Jakarta and were told sign a statement that we support the Indonesian Republic. That's where the Papuans began to lose their trust. Papuans want a dialogue, but Jakarta has never opened the door. Especially for me, it is impossible to have that kind of approach, unless there is a third party involved that could mediate a dialogue. Unless there is a mediator; no.
What is the mapping of the Free Papua Movement (OPM) in Papua now?
There is more military presence in Papua compared to Papuans. On May 1, three people were killed in one week. Last year, 22 people were killed. Every day there are murders. West Papua is a military zone in the Asia Pacific. The military, intelligence, they are everywhere. Papuans are not free. Violence and bullying happens every day.
The OPM is a political organization engaged in lobbying. Some have their hands on guns--I won't deny it. They exist, but they do it to defend their homeland. The soldiers chase them, so they have to defend themselves. That's what happening in Papua. After the Free West Papua was founded in 2000, we said there should be no more violence by the Papuans. Politically, we went out for a peaceful campaign to fight for our rights.
How much support does Free West Papua receive from within Papua?
All Papuans want freedom. We are sure of that 100 percent. 100 percent.


6) Inside Indonesia's Media Complex

By Dina Indrasafitri

The majority of Indonesia's media outlets are owned by 12 magnates, many of whom are also politicians. How does a journalist report on corruption when their boss is involved, asks Dina Indrasafitri
Being a journalist in Indonesia involves a lot of waiting – waiting for defendants to arrive at courts, waiting for officials to give their speeches, waiting for press conferences to begin, and so on.
During these times, plenty of joking around usually occurs, and one of the favorites is the “your boss” joke. Given the presence of media “bosses” in Indonesia's public life, it's easy to see why these jokes never get old.
What's more, Indonesian journalists often find themselves in the awkward situation of covering political (and sometimes legal) matters related closely to their own superiors.
TVOne, one of the country’s biggest private news channels, is partly owned by PT Bakrie Global Ventura – a company controlled by the Bakrie family. Aburizal Bakrie was chairman of the company from 1999 to 2004; now he's running for the presidency in the 2014 elections for one of the leading political parties, the Golkar party.
Surya Paloh, who owns another leading news channel, Metro TV, is the chair of newcomer NasDem party, which was established in 2011.
A new documentary, Di Balik Frekuensi (Behind the Frequency), which premiered in January and was screened in Melbourne during the 8th Indonesian Film Festival last month, is bringing some of these tensions into the public eye.
The film’s main protagonists, Luviana and Hari Suwandi, are victims of the big media conglomerates. Luviana fought against what she saw as Metro TV’s unjust treatment of its workers and was dismissed after 10 years service to the company.
Hari Suwandi was one of the victims of the mudflow disaster in Sidoarjo, East Java, a disaster some allege was caused by the activities of oil and gas exploration company PT Lapindo Brantas, partly owned by the Bakrie family.
Aside from telling the protagonists’ stories, however, Di Balik Frekuensi, which was funded by the Ford Foundation, also successfully captures the conflicts and interests in Indonesia’s media nowadays – some 15 years after the end of the authoritarian New Order regime, which put tight reins on press freedom.
“The media has been working for 15 years in the reformation era until we arrived at the situation that you have seen [in the film]... the media was silenced back then, but it is bought now,” Ucu Agustin, the film’s writer, director and producer, told NM after the Melbourne screening.
A journalist herself, Ucu has made a number of documentary movies including At Stake, Ragat’e Anak and Conspiracy of Silence, which digs into the problems in the country’s healthcare system and medical malpractice.
She learned an important principle regarding Indonesia’s justice system during the making ofConspiracy of Silence.
“[Making that movie] made me learn that when someone is having [legal] problems, they would be faced with two lines of questions only: Do you want truth or do you want money? When you come to legal aid institutions. That is what the lawyers will ask you,” Ucu said.
Luviana chose truth over money, “and since she made that statement I became confident that this is my protagonist,” Ucu said.
One of the striking themes in Di Balik Frekuensi is media concentration; Indonesia's expanding media scene is still owned by a tiny number of people.
There are more than 1200 radio stations, more than 1700 print media and at least 76 television stations in Indonesia. Most of them are owned by one of the country’s 12 media magnates, including Surya Paloh and Hary Tanoesoedibjo, who recently joined the Hanura (People’s Conscience) Party.
This “conglomeration” may affect the media’s independence, especially when its owners are politically wired.
Di Balik Frekuensi depicts this danger through the words of the journalists themselves, who hint, for example, that they are told to prioritise covering events that have the potential to promote the image of their bosses.
Ucu appears to have little confidence in the government’s ability to take action against this situation, because, according to her, “the system is still corrupt”.
“The first thing is for the journalists to have the courage to speak up about their rights – that they are in a profession that requires ethics,” Ucu said during the question-and-answer session after the screening.
“[The journalists] always say ‘we work for the public’ but when they themselves are in trouble, they lack the power … the public is unable to help because it is unaware of what is happening inside ‘their kitchen’, and, as in Luviana’s case, they will easily be accused of defamation when they speak publicly [about their troubles with the company].”
Often journalists' isolation is due to non-disclosure clauses in their contracts that stipulate the company’s internal problems must not be brought outside. “[I]n the end they are forced to accommodate requests from owners of the media,” Ucu added.
The Jakarta branch of the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) recently released a statement saying that the average journalist in Jakarta is still paid less than Rp 5.4 million (AUS$545) per month. This benchmark, for journalists who have been working for at least a year, was set by AJI based on 40 cost of living and professional expenses.
Some companies were paying journalists under the provincial minimum wage of Rp 2.2 million, according to the alliance.
Thus far, Ucu said that she is yet to receive any negative or threatening feedback from the media owners portrayed in Di Balik Frekuensi.
“We hope that this film will not trigger negative responses, because our team always sees the media as a partner, not our enemy, and we hope that the media and journalists will take this film as a criticism and can return to the right track,” she said.
And as for the government, Ucu said she is yet to receive any feedback from them at all.
“There was a request from the Vice President’s media staff for a screening, but they asked for a DVD copy and we refuse [to give one] because that will only be watched in a room. We want them to hold a screening involving journalists that cover events in the presidential and vice presidential palace,” she said.

7) Australia Must Engage With Asia: Richard Woolcott

Australia, despite all its rhetoric about the “Asian century” and the Henry White Paper, has lagged behind in engaging with Asia, Richard Woolcott, one of its former top diplomats, said on Tuesday.
Woolcott, a former ambassador to Indonesia, said in a statement from the University of Melbourne that Australia has not “managed Asia correctly.”
Speaking on the eve of his public lecture at the University of Melbourne on “Indonesia and Australia in the Asian Century,” Woolcott said that it was now time for both parties in Australia to get their act together.
“In the longer term, no bilateral relationship is more important to Australia than that with Indonesia,” Woolcott said.
He maintained that the rise of Asia constitutes a historic turning point to which Australia must respond if it doesn’t want to be left behind.
“Australia needs to decide whether it wants to cling to a historic past or be actively engaged in Asia’s future. We need a fundamental change in our national psyche, to focus more on Asia, and Indonesia in particular, than our traditional links with the United States, the United Kingdom and Europe.”
Woolcott’s lecture on Wednesday will also mark the official launch of the Center for Indonesian Law, Islam and Society (CILIS) at Melbourne Law School. Tim Lindsey, the inaugural director of CILIS, said the new center will provide a focus for the school’s already extensive work on Indonesian law.
“Indonesia matters to Australia, because geographically we’re so close.  It’s the third giant in Asia and the [home of] the world’s largest Muslim population. We need to understand it now more than ever before,” Lindsey said.
“This new center will play a big role in understanding how Indonesia’s often controversial legal system works, and will offer new insights into Islamic legal traditions and their role in Indonesian society.”
Lindsey added that the center will build a network of researchers based at the University of Melbourne for with lawyers and scholars from around the world.

8) The Thinker: A Questionable Prize for SBY

Many an accolade has been bestowed by foreign governments on President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono for his achievements creating a democratic Indonesia with robust growth, amid economic downturn in Europe and the United States.
Millions of Indonesians are proud to have a leader widely respected by the international community, as attested by Yudhoyono’s receipt last month of an honorary doctorate from Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University and last year’s Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Bath award from Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II.
Be that as it may, many frowned upon learning he will be conferred the World Statesman Award from the New York-based Appeal of Conscience Foundation (ACF) later this month.
They questioned whether the ACF had properly studied the real situation in Indonesia or whether it had a hidden agenda behind the presentation of the annual prize — meant to be given to heads of state who have proven their commitment to freedom, human rights, peace and respect for religious and ethnic diversity — given that religious persecution still sporadically happens here.
We have seen how followers of the minority Ahmadiyah Islamic sect have been brutally attacked, some even killed, by radical Muslim groups across the nation. The latest rampage on an Ahmadi mosque came last Thursday in the East Java town of Tulungagung.
Meanwhile, hundreds of Shiites still live in refugee shelters nine months after being driven from their burning homes by majority Sunni Muslims in Sampang, East Java.
Both scholars and religious leaders agree that religious tolerance has reached its nadir under the Yudhoyono administration. The ACF award, according to the outspoken Indonesian Jesuit priest Franz Magnis-Suseno, was counterproductive to religious harmony in Indonesia, where minority groups have difficulty building houses of worship or are subjected to unprovoked violent attacks.
In a protest letter sent via e-mail to the ACF, Romo Magnis, as he’s commonly known, said it was disgraceful for an institution that advocates religious tolerance to name this year’s winner without first consulting the Indonesian public and digging into the reality of growing intolerance in the country.
“During his eight year tenure, never once has the president encouraged the public to [concretely] respect and protect minority groups as they perform their religious duties,” the priest said in a television interview.
As the man on the street, I can’t help but agree with Romo Magnis that President Yudhoyono has done little, if anything, to take firm action against perpetrators of religious intolerance here.
Cases of discrimination against minorities make me ponder whether the president has fully exercised his authority and privilege as the nation’s No. 1 leader and commander-in-chief in handling these crucial issues. If he has, why hasn’t he replaced regional leaders whose rulings and orders have blatantly violated the country’s constitution?
How can the president, considered by the ACF as a champion of human rights and tolerance, remain indifferent to the fact that the Protestant congregations of GKI Taman Yasmin and HKBP Filadelfia have been barred from praying in their own churches?
They deserve to get equal rights and treatment, as any other Indonesian citizen enjoys. Many of them might even have thrown their unstinting support behind Yudhoyono’s election as the head of Southeast Asia’s largest nation.
It is human nature that they plead for the president to refuse the award.
Similar calls have been made by human rights activists and politicians, arguing that if the president does accept the honor, he would hurt the very people the award’s spirit is supposed to recognize and protect.
The ball is now in Yudhoyono’s court.
Oei Eng Goan is a freelance journalist and writer. He can be contacted at enggoano@indosat.net.id.

A google translate of article in Jubi. be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic. 
original bahasa at

Author: Admin Jubi | 21:41
Editor: Victor Mambor

| May 21, 2013 | 1
Filed in: Opinion

By: Ariane Zely

Deeply mourn the death of trainee workers standard safety procedures PT Freeport Indonesia (PT FI) from 14/5 to 21/5 in the Big Gossan training facility owned by Freeport in Tembagapura, Mimika. Reported that about 38 people had been buried in the collapse of the underground mine tunnel, and to date 21 people have been found dead, and 10 people suffered injuries in care, while the other 7 are still in the search effort, and less likely to be found alive. This landslide has resulted in the death of the largest known in the history of mining landslide PT. FI.

This event is only fitting to bring back the attention of the public, particularly the humanitarian workers who care Papua, on the PT. Freeport and Papua: two big names that play an important role in the political history of economic Indonesia.Peristiwa also come amid plans PT.FI work contract extension and negotiate royalties with the Indonesian government, as well as contract renewal negotiations with the workers SPSI PT. FI who had gone on strike in late 2011 and then to demand an increase in wages and workplace safety.

We have not forgotten, that in the strike Ayamseba shot Peter, and to the present investigation process is not clear and none of the perpetrators were arrested. We have not forgotten that PT Freeport Indonesia is listed as one of the worst multinational companies in 1996. Economic benefits envisioned not as promised, and instead be paid to the environmental degradation and deterioration of communities around the mine site. Freeport has often come under fire for a variety of violations of law and human rights as well as environmental impacts and impoverishment of the people. Freeport gold and copper no hubungannyadengan improving the welfare of the people of Papua. Papua remained the poorest provinces in Indonesia, with levels highest risk of disease and death, and violence by the army the largest in the whole of Indonesia-have 100,000 people since the death of Freeport operated.

Every day Freeport mining operations discard 230,000 tons of waste rock into the river Aghawagon and surrounding rivers. Ataupembuangan acid-rock drainage water containing acid-as 360000-510000 tons per day telahmerusak two valleys covering 4 miles (6.5 km) to a depth of 300 meters. Grasberg such enormous reserves to exploration will result in 6milyar tons of industrial waste.

Not the first time

According to reports in the stepfamily Sapariah Mogabay-Indonesia, Freeport mine collapse was not the first, and not the first time also the case just disappeared without clarity. On March 23, 2006 three employees of PT. Pontil, subcontractors PT. Freeport, was killed in a landslide in the mining area. Like the Big Gossan landslide, PT. FI states in collaboration with the Ministry of Energy to search for the causes of landslides, but the result was never known to the public. On October 9, 2003, according to a report Down To Earth, a massive landslide at Grasberg resulting in 8 people were killed and 5 wounded. South wall collapsed mine excavation and 2.3 million tons of rock and mud bottoms hit the miners. Ironic, because according to the Sydney Morning Herald, Freeport actually knew disaster warning but let the workers enter the danger zone, whereas the single worker has been given a warning about the potential dangers of operating leadership tersebut.Kementerian Energy and Mining to form a team of investigators, but it was unclear who held accountability.

While Rozik B Soethibto, President Director of PT. FI, said it would conduct a thorough investigation of post-rescue involving international experts and the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, and will ensure this incident does not recur. Similarly SBY in his Twitter message. But none of them are reminiscent of the fate of the previous 7-year investigation, which led not clear. Of course we often see that in every tragedy that killed innocent people such as this, where the stakeholders and accountability into the public spotlight, promises inquiry will diumbar, and when the spotlight was meredum and disappeared, no man's promises remained promises.

Now the officials come in droves to deposit advance and condolences to the scene. After CEO and President of parent company Freeport McMoran and Gold Inc. Richard Adkerson come to Timika May 18, the Monitoring Team of Papua and Aceh special autonomy was accompanied by Deputy chair of the House and other House teams are also not behind plans to visit.

Last rumored Minister, Jero Wacik, and Labor Minister, Muhaimin Iskandar, were denied entry by PT. FI on the grounds that the evacuation process is still ongoing. Although SBY said it would keep sending the two ministers, but still demand the government ignored for Freeport is not soon to approach the scene. Freeport does have such power in the state in the country, especially when we investigate the following history.

'Copper, Gold and Oil Blood'

Papuan political dispute is closely associated with mineral wealth contained in the soil. The control of Papua is a farm business craze that is before us today.

1935, NNGPM (the Nederlandsche Nieuw-Guinee Petroleum Maatschappij) began to explore the western part of Papua (Vogel Kop - Bird's Head, aka the Bird's Head) area of ​​10 million hectares. Ore mineral discovery later in 1936 Hertzberg be the beginning of a humanitarian disaster in Papua today. Keep in mind that not necessarily Papua became part of Indonesia after the defacto independence in 1945-as well as the people on the island paradise was not a part of the process of the development of Indonesian nationalism in Papua 1928.Belanda fiercely defend the Round Table talks in 1949, and started 10 years Papuanisation process in 1957, and for the first time the Morning Star flag fluttering on December 1, 1961.

Erstberg that had lain dormant for 20 years began to be considered again after the gold reserves are also found around the Arafura Sea. And Freeport McMoran Copper and Gold from the United States also helped take the opportunity working directly with Suharto to investigate Erstberg. In such a situation the New York Agreement born August 15, 1962, and handed over administration UNTEA Papua (now West New Guinea) in Indonesia. [1] The result is "integration" of Papua into Indonesia, in the gunpoint, through which is regarded as opinion polls (Act of) 1969 which was attended by about 1026 (adult Papuans of Papua adult population of 815 000 at the time.

We remember two years before the Act of Free Choice, it was Law No. 1 1967 PMA has been born and PT. Freeport got the full blessing of exploration contracts in Papua Erstberg. In the Indonesian political context of these events may occur after the Suharto New Order managed to become the winner of the disastrous slaughter of no less than 1 million people supporting Sukarno and the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI). How can a natural resource exploration contracts signed with the region that has not become legally part of Indonesia? In all this dredging business economics, since its potential was found in 1936 in the area of ​​what is now Papua, Papuan people since the beginning of the original has been abandoned and neglected. Indonesian corporations, the United States, the Netherlands and Inggrislah the players, while at the same time other Indonesian regions became economic game rake such countries.

PEPERA is a milestone in the economic and social destruction of the commencement of the indigenous culture Papua.Tak less than 100,000 indigenous Papuan people have been killed in various operations of cleansing the Free Papua movement in various parts of Papua New Order berkuasa.Diantara since the largest military operation ever conducted was Operation Aware (1965 -1967), Operating Brathayudha (1967-1969), Operation Dignity (1969), Operation Jayawijaya (1977), Operation Clean Sweep I and II (1982), Operation Galang I and II (1982), Operation Tumpas (1983-1984) , Operation Clean Sweep (1985), Military Operations Area (1989-1998), and restrictions on international visit since 2003.

In a setting like that rake the economic exploration and expropriation of indigenous Papuans in intensity. Investors-investors from the United States, Britain, Australia, Japan, China, and Indonesia itself competing for control of the resources of Papua. And the result, according to the report Forest Watch Indonesia, from Papua 79.62% forest cover in 2000-2009, 38.72% has been deforested-largest of all regions.

Accumulation of profit over human rights abuses

PT.FI owned Grasberg is the world's largest gold mine. Manurut report in 2010 PT.FI benefits of RP. 4000 trillion. Recent exploitation of this mine is in talks to be extended again until 2041. Since four decades of operation, the total contribution (royalties, dividends, PPH agencies and employees) are paid on the FI government until June 2011 amounted to 12.8 billion USD [2]. While the employee's salary is only about 3.5-5.5 million dollars. Daisy Primayanti, head of corporate communications PT. FI said that Gasberg gold production in 2013 is targeted to increase 39.2% to 1.2 million ounces from the previous 862 thousand ounces. While copper production in 2013 is set to increase to 58.5% to 1.1 billion pounds compared to the previous 694 million pounds.
In that situation, talk Freeport, even entire investment in the economic giant dredger Papua road map MP3EI, should not dilepaslan of the review history, socio-cultural and ecological settings and the impact of humanity is happening today. Therefore, can not be allowed anymore related talks this to be just another extractive economic calculations and for the benefit of economic growth.

Traces the history of the entry of Freeport is appropriation, occupation, control of land and natural persons Amungme and Comoros, destroyed the economy and livelihood of the indigenous people. Amungme people and displaced and marginalized Comoros continued economic, political, social and cultural invasion of the capital by promising economic growth in the cities that were created by the mining and infrastructure, including large-scale displacement of the population of P. Java to Papua by the New Order government. In the 1990s the area around the population swelled to more than 60,000 people, making Timika be "economic zone" of the fastest growing in the entire archipelago (culturalsurvival.org). One percent royalty indigenous communities are candies that are not clear and the practice is intended to divide the Papuans themselves [3].

Human rights violations against indigenous Papuans continue to occur in many of the most evil forms: torture, rape, discrimination, exclusion, killings, enforced disappearances, arbitrary arrests, intimidation, surveillance and pengamcaman, as well as the closure of democratic space that badly, impeding access to sit in representation, sumber2 destruction of their lives, a crime against the rights of cultures and spirituality, as well as the forced displacement of communities of people.

Most of these crimes-including those that cause damage to the environment-is a product of the Freeport mining operation. And other crimes-such as violence-is the result of the use of military force against the people of Indonesia. Currently none of the data can be by showing how real bright Indonesian soldiers stationed in Papua. The organic and non-organic troops increased, surely army posts and growing territorial command [4], the people were killed, imprisoned for political attitudes, the right of expression and assembly, also increases. Since 2003, as many as 40 people have been jailed for political posturing, and since May 1, 2013 increased again at least 29 people. It is clear, who has 15 years of reform in Indonesia does not apply in Papua.

In the political economy setting like this is Big Gossan landslide occurred. Death of 21 people is the largest in the history of Freeport safety that we know. And Freeport, as the most monumental social and ecological destructive force, could not, should be controlled by discontinued operations related to the overall audit violations of human rights and ecology are doing. Who can do it? That is certainly not the government in Jakarta today, special autonomy, division, or special autonomy UP4B plus ala Lucas Enembe and SBY, but Papuans are united and willed himself politically. ***

The author is Coordinator of the National Papua Solidarity (BREATH).

[1] http://infonapas.blogspot.com/2013/04/1-mei-biarkan-rakyat-papua-berekspresi.html. Pursuant to the agreement New York (New York Agreement), the Dutch handed over administration of the territory of West New Guinea to an agency of the United Nations (UN) named: United Nations Temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA), which is then handed over to Indonesia on May 1, 1963. Four points Agreements New York (New York Agreement) which we want to underline in this 50th anniversary year are as follows: (1) The delivery is limited to the "wholly administrative responsibilities", not surrender sovereignty (Article XIV), (2) During the period transition, Indonesia has the responsibility to run the "intensification of the people's education, eradicate illiteracy, and the promotion of economic development, social and cultural" (Article XV), (3) At the end of 1969, under the supervision of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, held the act of free choice would be for the people of Papua to determine their political status "if they wish to remain with Indonesia or they break their ties with Indonesia (Article XVIII), (4) Indonesia" will honor that commitment "(paragraph 3 of Article XXII) to guarantee fully the rights of the people Papua, including the rights to freedom of opinion and freedom of assembly and perform the movement (Article XII paragaf 1).

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