1) Foreign Reporting in Papua
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - The blacklisting of Jack Hewson, a freelance journalist working for Al Jazeera shows the government's paranoia towards foreign journalists. The government should allow the foreign press to cover Papua. Preventing journalists from reporting the facts there is not a good testament on the claim of press freedom in Indonesia.
Hewson, who is based in Jakarta, planned to report on the Freeport issue from Timika in Papua. But after leaving for the Philippines last Monday, he learned that he has been banned from returning to Indonesia for no clear reason. It transpires that the request for the ban came from the Indonesian Military (TNI). According to the Immigration DirectorateGeneral, Hewson is suspected of dangerous activities endangering security and public order.
What did Hewson do that was deemed to have endangered security? Was he not simply covering and writing reports about Indonesia like other journalists? Was it linked with his plan to cover Freeport? Whatever the problem, blacklisting a foreign journalist without a reason or sufficient evidence is a serious violation of press freedom.
Before the Hewson case, there were similar bans on foreign journalists wanting to report on Papua. French journalist Cyril Payen is still barred from entering Indonesia following his documentary film, The Forgotten War in Papua, which detailed human rights violations in Indonesia's easternmost province. Two other French journalists, Thomas Dandois and Louise Marie Valentine Bourrat, were jailed for more than two months for covering Wamena while on tourist visas.
The government's attitude towards foreign journalists damages the claim to press freedom in our country. In the 2016 Press Freedom Index from Reporters Without Borders, Indonesia is ranked 130 out of 180 nations, below Cambodia and TimorLeste.
Officials from the TNI and the Interior Ministry are too suspicious of foreign journalists. They seem not to understand the function and the role of the press, including the foreign media. Papua has been closed to the outside world for almost a quarter of a century. No foreign journalists have been able to travel there. Therefore, it is not surprising that many reporters from around the world want to take a look, especially since there are many problems there, from the Free Papua Movement to the Freeport debacle.
In 2015, President Joko Widodo said that Papua was open to foreign journalists. Clearly, state institutions and ministries should support the president by facilitating journalists' access to that region. Preventing them from going there is inconsistent with the president's policy.
The government has no reason to ban foreign reporters because Papua is not a military emergency region. Closing it off from the outside world will only make matters worse. Rumors and fake reports will spread faster and be more credible if there are no professional journalists who can explain the truth about the province.
There is no need for the government to react angrily when foreign journalists report negatively, as long as their reports are factual. We no longer live in the New Order period, when the mass media was under the full control of the authorities. The government should understand that negative or positive reports on Papua depends on whether the government can bring about prosperity and justice over there. (*)
Read the full story in this week's edition of Tempo English Magazine
2) Freeport to Divest 51 Percent Stake, Minister Claims
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan expressed his confidence that Freeport will agree to divest 51 percent of its shares as a requirement to secure a special mining business permit (IUPK). Luhut told the media that the mining company has hinted at agreeing with the deal.
"The process is ongoing, pending the negotiation of the 51 percent," Luhut said after meeting President Joko Widodo at the Presidential Palace on Thursday evening, April 6, 2017.
Freeport has recently obtained the IUPK, albeit with a temporary export permit as the company and the Indonesian government continue to negotiate on its tax scheme and 51 percent divestment.
Luhut went on to say that the Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Ignasius Jonan will try to his best to make it happen. Luhut said that negotiation on divestment will be carried out in stages.
"It's been negotiated by Pak Jonan. An agreement is likely, why wouldn't [Freeport] agree?" Luhut said convincingly.
Minister Jonan yesterday said that negotiation with Freeport in connection with IUPK will take six months. During which, Freeport will hold an IUPK with an eight-month temporary permit for concentrate export starting February.
"The negotiation has run for over two months. Give [Freeport] six months; a temporary export permit has been given. Every three months, we will send an independent verifier to examine the situation on the ground," Jonan concluded.