Thursday, August 16, 2018

1) Papuan students in Surabaya questioned after protest


2) A doctoral graduate from Harvard presents a dissertation on Papua and colonialism
3) Papuans hold simulations rallies in Java and Bali protesting 'illegal' New York Agreement
4) Papuan dormitory in Surabaya attacked and vandalised, 49 arrested by police

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1) Papuan students in Surabaya questioned after protest
1:37 pm today 





Dozens of West Papuan university students in the Indonesian city of Surabaya were taken in for police questioning during a protest.
The protesters were arrested and held in the Surabaya police station. Photo: Facebook/ Free West Papua Campaign
The students were hosting a discussion event to mark the anniversary of 1962's New York Agreement regarding the administration of West New Guinea.
After the discussion forum, the Papuan students' dormitory was raided by police who detained 49 of them for questioning.
They remain in custody at Surbaya's main police station, although it's unclear whether charges have been laid.
The NGO Piberang news portal quotes a police spokesman saying the students were being investigated over an alleged hacking incident.
But the Papuans drew the attention of police and intelligence personnel on the same day as their public event regarding the controversial Agreement that paved the way for the former Dutch New Guinea to be taken over by Indonesia.
Earlier, the discussion event was disrupted when projectiles were thrown at the Papuans' dormitory by members of Indonesia's nationalist Pancasila movement.
This group reportedly insisted the Indonesian flag be raised in the dorm.
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2) A doctoral graduate from Harvard presents a dissertation on Papua and colonialism
  Published 3 days ago on 13 August 2018 by admin  

Jayapura, Jubi – Veronika Kusumayarti, a doctoral program alumnus in anthropology from Harvard University, held a discussion related to her dissertation ‘The latest ethnography of colonialism, experience, history and political awareness in West Papua’ on Friday (8/10/2018) in Jayapura.
Joined the author, as speakers in the discussion were the rev. Dr Socrates Yoman, Papuan literary and cultural activist Andy Tagihuma, historian and lecturer Albert Rumbekwan.
In the discussion attended by some student and women activists, lecturers as well as priests, the author shared her experience in compiling research materials throughout Papua from 2012-2016. In general, her dissertation was about the history of Papuans who made the first contact with foreigners or Dutch missionaries until the integration era where Papua invaded by Indonesia.
“Until the awareness of indigenous identity was emerged from Papuans,” she said during her presentation held in P3W Hall. She further said Papuans made contact for the first time with missionaries in 1855 along with the arrival of the German missionaries Ottow and Geisller in Mansinam, while the Catholic missionaries have served in Fakfak and Merauke. “Then in 1962, the British and Australian missionaries divided their service area on the north coast which is now dominated by GKI, whereas the Catholic missionaries carried their service in the south coast area. Meanwhile, in the mountainous areas, different churches played the role, such as Kingmi in Paniai regional, GIDI and Baptist Church in Lanny,” she said.
Meanwhile, Papuan intellectual Benny Giay appreciated Veronika for her academic work. “This is an important lesson for indigenous Papuans about their history. It reminds me of my writing about people’s vote ‘Pepera’,” he said. (*)
 Reporter: Hengky Yeimo
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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From INDOLEFT News service via reg.west papua list

3) Papuans hold simulations rallies in Java and Bali protesting 'illegal' New York Agreement

Suara Papua - August 15, 2018

Bastian Tebai, Semarang -- The Papuan Student Alliance (AMP) and the Indonesian People's Front for West Papua (FRI-WP) have called on all Papuan students through their city committees in Java and Bali to declare that the 1962 New York Agreement was illegal.

The AMP and FRI-WP said that the agreement, which was signed on August 15, 1962 and used as the basis for the 1968 "Act of Free Choice" (Pepera), was illegal because it did not involve a single representative from the Papuan people.

On Wednesday August 15, the AMP and FRI-WP commemorated the agreement in their respective cities.

Demonstrations were held by AMP committees in Makassar (South Sulawesi), Malang (East Java), Yogyakarta (Central Java), Jakarta and the satellite city of Tangerang, Semarang (Central Java), Surabaya (East Java) and Bandung (West Java). In Bali, Solo (Central Java) and Bogor (West Java), the AMP commemorated the agreement with public discussions.

The peaceful AMP demonstration in Yogyakarta today was blocked by police and reactionary mass organisations (ormas). Likewise during a peaceful demonstration in Surabaya the front gates to the Papuan Kamasan Dormitory was vandalised by an ormas and Surabaya police.

During the simulations protests today, the AMP called on the regime of President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kalla, the Dutch government, the United States and the United Nations to, first, give the right to self-determination to the nation of Papua as a democratic solution that must be implemented.

Second, acknowledge and affirm that the New York Agreement was legally and morally invalid because it did not involve a single representative of the Papuan people.

Third, they called for the withdrawal of all organic and non-organic TNI (Indonesian military) and Polri (Indonesian police) from the land of Papua.

Forth, the demanded the closure of the Freeport gold-and-copper mine, the LNG Tangguh gas field operated by BP, the MNC Group LNG plant, the Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE) in Merauke and other multi-national company projects in West Papua which continue to be the masterminds behind humanitarian crimes in the land of Papua.

Fifth, that the UN take responsibility for and be actively involved in a manner that is just and democratic, in a process of self-determination, the straightening out of history and resolving the human rights violations against the Papuan nation.

Notes

Following the launch of the Trikora military operation which was aimed at harassing and forcing the Dutch out of Netherlands New Guinea in 1961-62 and under the threat that Indonesia would move from armed infiltrations to a large-scale military attack, US sponsored negotiations led to the signing of the New York Agreement on August 15, 1962 in which the Netherlands agreed to hand over administration of Western New Guinea to Indonesia pending a UN administered plebiscite. Seven years later under the newly installed Suharto dictatorship, the treaty led to the so-call "Act of Free Choice" in 1969 in which 1025 hand-picked Papuans "voted" at gun-point for the territory remain part of Indonesia.

[Abridged translation by James Balowski. The second part of the article contained an explanation of the New York Agreement and "Act of Free Choice". The original title of the article was "15 Agustus: AMP dan FRI WP Sebut New York Agreement Ilegal".]

Source: https://suarapapua.com/2018/08/15/15-agustus-amp-sebut-new-york-agreement-ilegal/


INDOLEFT News service
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4) Papuan dormitory in Surabaya attacked and vandalised, 49 arrested by police

Suara Papua - August 15, 2018

Bastian Tebai, Surabaya -- As many as 49 Papuan students who reside at the Kamasan Papuan Dormitory in the East Java provincial capital of Surabaya were arrested by police this evening and are being held at the Surabaya district police headquarters (Polrestabes).

There were two reasons for this according to information gathered by Suara Papua.

First, opposition by mass organisations (ormas) to planned peaceful demonstrations rejecting the 1962 New York Agreement which were held earlier this morning, in which the Papuan student dormitory was the gathering point for protesters.

Second, the residents of the dormitory refused to put up the national flag in front of the dormitory as part of the upcoming August 17 national celebrations of Indonesian independence because they said they did not feel part of the Indonesian state. Local residents, the ormas and police ended up forcing the Papuan student to fly the red-and-white flag.

Earlier this afternoon, Papuan students were involved in a clash with a combined group of police and ormas who vandalised and then demolished the front gate of the Papuan dormitory.

A number of ormas joined with police in the incident including the groups Patriot Garuda, the Pancasila Youth (Pemuda Pancasila) and the Bastions of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (Benteng NKRI).

According to information gathered by the Surabaya Legal Aid Foundation (LBH), these reactionary groups earlier attacked the Papuan students who were refusing to put up the national flag.

The Papuan students living at the dormitory attempted to defend themselves and according to several media reports, one ormas member was injured by a sharp instrument.

Since then, the dormitory has been surrounded by police and reactionary ormas. Later in the evening, police arrived and tried to arrest several Papuan students resulting in an argument that continued until 11pm.

In the end, all of the Papuan students, totalling 49 people, were taken away and held at the Surabaya district police office.

Papuan Student Alliance (AMP) secretary general Albert Mungguar told Suara Papua that the incident that occurred in Surabaya is the same as that which is carried out by the Indonesian military against the people of Papua.

"Nationalism is not something that can be forced. Nationalism is related to ideology, it is born out of the people's consciousness. If today the Papuan people and Papuan student don't want to fly the red-and-white flag, what should be done by the state and its citizens is to ask, why don't Papuan students have a sense of Indonesian nationalism, not to pressure them, force them, like they were possessed by the Devil, enforcing their view though acts of violence", said Mungguar on Wednesday evening.

With regard to the 49 Papuan students, who are still being held at the Surabaya district police office, the AMP is demanding their unconditional release in the name of upholding human rights and the principles of democracy.

"We condemn the repressive actions by police, in this case the Surabaya Polrestabes and reactionary ormas. And we call for the immediate release of our 49 comrades who were arrested for no rational reason", asserted Mungguar.

Earlier this morning, simulations actions were held in several cities in Java and Bali coordinated by the AMP rejecting the New York Agreement which was signed on August 15, 1962.

Notes

Following the launch of the Trikora military operation which was aimed at harassing and forcing the Dutch out of Netherlands New Guinea in 1961-62 and under the threat that Indonesia would move from armed infiltrations to a large-scale military attack, US sponsored negotiations led to the signing of the New York Agreement on August 15, 1962 in which the Netherlands agreed to hand over administration of Western New Guinea to Indonesia pending a UN administered plebiscite. Seven years later under the newly installed Suharto dictatorship, the treaty led to the so-call "Act of Free Choice" in 1969 in which 1025 hand-picked Papuans "voted" at gun-point for the territory remain part of Indonesia.

[Translated by James Balowski for the Indoleft News Service. The original title of the article was "Asrama Papua di Surabaya Dikepung, 49 Penghuni Diangkut ke Polrestabes".]

Source: https://suarapapua.com/2018/08/15/asrama-papua-di-surabaya-dikepung-49-penghuni-diangkut-ke-poltabes/

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INDOLEFT News service
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