Tuesday, November 29, 2016

1) Group supports referendum for West Papua

2) Support the “Self-Determination”, FRI West Papua was declared in Jakarta

3) Young people take initiative to better education opportunities

1) Group supports referendum for West Papua

News Desk The Jakarta Post

Jakarta | Tue, November 29, 2016 | 07:09 pm

Fight for freedom: Indonesian People’s Front for West Papua spokesperson Surya Anta speaks to reporters at the Jakarta Legal Aid Institute (LBH) on Tuesday to declare the group’s support for Papuans to exercise the right to self-determination. (JP/Fachrul Sidiq)

Persistent oppression and discrimination as well as cultural and historical differences are sufficient reasons for Papuan people to decide their own fate through a referendum, an alliance has said.  
The Indonesian People’s Front for West Papua (FRI-West Papua), consisting of non-Papuan Indonesian activists and intellectuals, was established as a form of solidarity from non-Papuans regarding the constant oppression suffered by Papuan activists who have fought for independence.
"There is no happiness for Papuans as long as they are part of Indonesia," the alliance’s spokesperson, Surya Anta, said in a press conference held at the Jakarta Legal Aid Institute (LBH) on Tuesday. 
(Read also: 

Surya said ongoing efforts from the government, such as giving special autonomy to the country’s easternmost region, had not eliminated military oppression or the destruction of natural resources. 

He said the group believed the only solution for Papua was to be able to exercise the right to determine whether to part ways with or remain part of Indonesia.
He claimed that an exercise of the right to self-determination for Papuans through an act of free choice (Pepera) in 1969 was invalid because only 1,022 individuals were involved in the plebiscite, less than 0.2 percent of the population.
"Moreover, they [Papuan people] were put under pressure to express their concerns about integrating with Indonesia," Surya added. (fac/jun)

A google translate. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
Original bahasa link at

2) Support the “Self-Determination”, FRI West Papua was declared in Jakarta

News Portal Papua No. 1 | Jubi,

                                    Illustration Solidarity action for Papua 2015 - catatankaki.info

Jayapura, Jubi - Front Rakyat Indonesia's West Papua (West Papua FRI) declared on Tuesday (11/29/2016) in Jakarta in order to demonstrate solidarity attitude and some of the elements of the Indonesian people to self-determination aspirations of the people of Papua.

Following the escalation of the issue of West Papuan self-determination on the international stage today, some communities in Indonesia are also encouraged to take a stand. FRI West Papua was declared in the Legal Aid Institute (LBH) Jakarta, on Tuesday afternoon as a union of political parties, student organizations, cultural groups and media activism group.

In a press release received by the Editor Jubi Tuesday (29/11), they emphasized the establishment of five background the front.

Surya Anta, spokesman FRI West Papua lays the first cornerstone of the front declared for fraud and deception history of Papua's status and its integration into the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI).

"West Papua is the territory of the colony non-self-recognized United Nations and also the Dutch in 1949, so too is still recognized on the delivery of administrative to Indonesia in 1963, the status does not change, prior to self-determination," said Surya in those releases ,

The only legitimacy integration of West Papua into the Republic of Indonesia was an Act (Act) 1969, he said, proved to be invalid because it is not democratic.

FRI West Papua also highlighted the systematic racial discrimination and historically in Papua as the cornerstone of their attitude.

"Racial discrimination has been done long ago, even before the Act of place, as to which statements Murtopo in 1966" Indonesia does not want the people of Papua, Indonesia just want the land and natural resources contained in the island of Papua. If Papuans want independence, please find another island in the Pacific for free. Or ask the Americans to provide a place for people in Papua occupies over there ", as quoted by Surya in the release.

Genocide slowly; arrest, torture and imprisonment of the nation of Papua; and robbery Papua's natural wealth is the foundation of the next three founding group of this solidarity.

The fifth runway, carrying FRI West Papua to the conclusion that it knowingly to admit, "the existence of the Republic of Indonesia in West Papua is illegal; colonization has occurred in Papua during the 50s; and West Papua is a Nation (nation) (which is different from the Indonesian people - ed), "said the statement.

FRI West Papua was established by the People's Liberation Party, the Center for People's Struggle Indonesia, LIBERATION, Cultural States Indonesia Society, Socialist Study Circle, Society Solidarity Net.

Surya Anta, who also came from the People's Liberation Party in a press conference which was still ongoing at the LBH Jakarta, Jakarta Diponogoro 74, stressed the need for solidarity to Papua united, "can not be continuously dispersed. What we are doing at FRI West Papua are trying to put it together, "he said.

Through live video, looks Surya Anta alone in front of the press conference of the forum to explain and answer questions from reporters.

Initiatives supporting the West Papuan self-determination can be said to be the first openly declared in Indonesia. During this time, the solidarity the people of Indonesia to Papua issue usually ranging in matters of human rights and humanity in general, without expressly provides support to Self-Determination itself.

In the 1990s, civic groups, Indonesia has also been doing the same thing by supporting the self-determination of East Timor. Those groups such as the People's Solidarity for Maubere Rakyat Indonesia (SPRIM), Solidarity for Peace Settlement of Timor Leste (SOLIDAMOR) and the Forum of Solidarity for the People of East Timor. (*)

3) Young people take initiative to better education opportunities
Juliana Harsianti Contributor
Jakarta | Tue, November 29 2016 | 10:44 am

Dedication: Rosa Dahlia teaches students outdoors in Lenny Jaya regency, West Papua.
Two young people combine their entrepreneurial skills and passion to solve problems in education.
Despite a major allocation in the state budget, many parents still complain about the high cost of education.

At first, education activist Ai Nurhidayat thought it was normal for private schools to impose high tuition fees, since they offer qualified teachers and better facilities. It was common to see some schools apply a cross subsidy system to help high-achieving students from poor families.

However, after some contemplation, he considered that such a system was unfair.

“It favors those who are better off and more gifted than students with average abilities,” the native of Pangandaran in West Java said.

He was speaking during the Young People’s Festival, which was held by Tempo Institute in South Jakarta recently. During the event, young people met to exchange perspectives during discussions and to expand their networks.

Ai returned to Pangandaran after finishing his study in Jakarta and completing his apprenticeship in multiple areas, including in Timor Leste where he was exposed to other cultures.

Believing that schools should apply equality in their student enrollment, Ai set up SMK Bakti Karya vocational school in Parigi district, Pangandaran.

The multicultural school has enrolled students from 25 regencies all over Indonesia.

“In the beginning, I recruited volunteers from various regions to promote the school and to recruit students,” said the 26-year-old.

Ai’s does not set grade minimums for student admission. His school accepts all students as long as they have graduated from junior high school and are younger than 21. Unsurprisingly, it has drawn public interest.

“Those rejected by other schools enroll in our school,” Ai said.

He employs teachers who come from around Pangandaran as well as other cities and asks them to embrace the school’s mission. Ai wants his students to learn academic skills and participate in extracurricular activities, so they will be capable of working independently after graduation. The school also provides a dormitory facility.

  Meanwhile, Rosa Dahlia, another participant of the Young People Festival, focused on education for children in West Papua. In contrast to the numerous schools that are available in Jakarta and big cities in Java, students in West Papua have limited access to education.

“The government has intentions to improve education in Papua, but they use Java as a reference, while local conditions [in Papua] are different,” said Rosa.

Unlike Ai, who returned to his hometown, Rosa accepted a job from a foundation to teach at Lanny Jaya Papua after graduation. She has observed that Papuan students need a teaching approach that is different from the one applied in big cities on Java.

“If the teaching method is adjusted, the children are quick to learn,” said Rosa.

For instance, teachers from big cities are used to teaching primary school students who already have basic arithmetic training, so they may get impatient when they find that the students in Papua do not possess the same skills in the subject.

Rosa also highlighted the language gap. Papuan children rarely speak Indonesian or speak it in a muddled structure. She said she decided to learn the local tongue to ease communication with her students.

“I was once at a loss for the proper way to teach them Indonesian until an idea struck me,” recalled Rosa.

In order to make Indonesian language teaching easier, she created a bulletin entitled Elege Inone, which means “the voice of children” in the local Lanny language. Issued monthly, the publication was processed by students, who wrote stories, took photos, drew illustrations and printed the newsletter, with Rosa helping to create its graphic designs.

“We managed to produce three editions and planned to distribute them to schools in Lanny Jaya, but I had to move and my successor hasn’t continued this project,” she said.

(Courtesy of SMK Bakti Karya)
Critical thinking: Two comic strips by students from vocational school SMK Bakti Karya share messages of multiculturalism.
When her contract expired, Rosa could not secure an extension from her foundation. Rosa’s love of Papua prompted her to stay in the province with the help of many circles, thus enabling her to carry on teaching in Lanny Jaya.

Ai, who raises funds from donations, has also faced some problems despite receiving overwhelming interest in his school. The latest repressive measures taken in the arrest of Papuan students in Yogyakarta on allegations of promoting separatism in July have prompted a number of candidates from Papua to cancel their enrollment.

Rosa and Ai share the view that with serious effort, funds will come from various sources. They believe the most important thing is to maintain strong determination without losing hope in order to promote Indonesia’s education.

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