Monday, September 9, 2019

1) Commentary: Blaming provocateurs ignores voice of Papuans


2) Divided and divisive: Tracing the issue of Papuan self-determination
3) Nearly 700 native Papuan students return home
4) Veronica Koman Meets Her Duties, Not Spreading Hoax: Activists
5) Police Name Another Suspect in Papua Riots
6) Police guarantee Papuans' safety, security in West Sulawesi
7) All tribes in Manokwari to issue peace declaration
8) Unidentified individuals toss sacks of snakes into Papuan student dormitory: Students
9) Human Rights Watch calls for Indonesia to investigate Papua killings

10) Indonesia Clarifies 'Distorted Information' About Papua to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

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1) Commentary: Blaming provocateurs ignores voice of Papuans
Evi Mariani 
Managing editor at The Jakarta Post
Tue, September 10 2019   /  12:16 am

Indonesians love conspiracy theories. In 1999, I spent two months in Ambon, Maluku, just as a religious conflict between Muslims and Christians flared up. I spent most of the time taking refuge among Christians, but I had the chance to meet Muslims too.
Both communities had similar theories: The conflict was not caused by the people themselves but by agents provocateurs. “We were living in harmony,” one said. “Christians and Muslims here lived side by side in peace for decades, no problem at all,” another one said. “It’s people from outside the community that provoked the conflict, not us,” they said. There was also one theory involving a certain institution and its lust for the region’s mineral resources. 
And yet, I heard enough about animosity between the two groups. Granted, I heard more badmouthing of the other side from the Christian community because that was where I spent most of my two months. But in my few visits to the Muslim community, one visit was apparently enough for them to complain about the Christians. 
Going home on a Hercules aircraft, on top of a high pile of baggage, I was sure that if they really were living in harmony like they all claimed, the provocateurs, however mighty and politically wired they were, would never have succeeded in creating such bloody conflict. It appeared to me that there was fertile ground there.
A theory involving political actors from outside inciting something is appealing because of the simplicity it offers us. Reality, oftentimes, is much more complex.
Why do some Papuans want a referendum after all that President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s administration has done for them, after all the Special Autonomy Law and the money that has followed it? To answer such a question needs some serious soul searching, admissions of our own culpability and readiness to propose solutions, which has never been easy. 
So when the National Police blame Veronica Koman, a lawyer who tweeted about the racial abuse of Papuan students in Surabaya, East Java, many of us embrace that narrative. If not for her, we would like to believe, there would have been no riots in the provinces of Papua and West Papua. It is also the fault of Benny Wenda, the police said. Wenda, who lives in the United Kingdom, is the leader of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua. Just Google “provokator” and “Papua”, and the search engine will give us plenty of news citing Veronica and Wenda. 
Did they play a role in what has happened since Aug. 19 in Papua? I believe, along with thousands other people in and outside the provinces, that they did.
But focusing on so-called provocateurs would mean that we neglect the voice of Papuans who took to the streets in peace. Thousands of them rallied for a cause and they deserve to be heard. Believing in outside influence is also condescending, as if we believe Papuans cannot act on their own volition.
They want an end to the racism they have suffered for decades, not just outside Papua, but actually within the provinces. They want the victims and survivors of alleged human rights violations to gain justice. They want to get a fair share of their rich mineral resources so their children will not die of malnutrition. They want Jakarta to stop excluding them from democracy, particularly by lifting the ban on the internet imposed during the height of the conflict and respecting their right to a free flow of information and to allow national and foreign journalists to work freely there.
Many of them combine all this into just one aspiration, something which many Indonesians refuse to pay attention or even simply to listen to: They want the chance to vote in a referendum to determine their own fate. 
Should Indonesia give them a referendum? That is a question I personally cannot answer and anyway the government has rejected it, so it is off the table for now. But focusing on a conspiracy theory means refusing to listen to Papuans’ voices and I believe we cannot do both because they contradict each other. 
A person cannot really listen to others’ aspirations if he or she believes those people do not have minds of their own, if he or she is convinced that someone else is putting words into their mouths. Refusing to listen means there will never be a solution to the serious problems, and if there is no solution to the problems, there will never be justice in Papua.
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2) Divided and divisive: Tracing the issue of Papuan self-determination
Dian Septiari The Jakarta Post
Jakarta   /   Mon, September 9, 2019   /  03:41 pm

The recent unrest and rioting in Indonesia’s easternmost provinces of Papua and West Papua have sparked renewed debate on whether Papuans deserve the right to self-determination, just like the people of former East Timor (present-day Timor Leste) did 20 years ago during the independence referendum on Aug. 30, 1999.
However, international law experts have warned about conflating independence and separatism in comparing Papua and Timor Leste today.
Legal status
Papua and West Papua do not have the same rights as the Indonesian province of East Timor did in 1999, when the independence referendum was held.
“This is an uninformed view that fails to understand international law [and does] not distinguish [between] the statuses of Papua and East Timor under the legal system,” said Eddy Pratomo, a professor of international law at Diponegoro University and a former diplomat whose portfolio included Timor Leste.
A referendum for self-determination could only be carried out in the context of colonialism, he stressed. Formerly called West Irian (or West New Guinea by the Dutch), present-day Papua was included with all other territories when Indonesia declared independence on Aug. 17, 1945.
In contrast, East Timor was registered as a Non-Self-Governing Territory with the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization, and was thus entitled to self-determination.
Papua was never registered with the UN Special Committee on Decolonization, despite several attempts by the Dutch to administer it, because the region had exercised its right to self-determination with Indonesia, said Eddy.
"If Papua were given the [right to] self-determination, it would be as though she was born twice," he said.
Furthermore, Eddy said that the demands some groups had made for an independence referendum for Papua constituted separatism, not self-determination.
"Unfortunately, international law does not recognize the right to [secession] for [an area that is] part of a sovereign territory," said Eddy, citing territorial integrity as a principle of international law.
Regarding the principle of territorial integrity, former Constitutional Court chief justice Mahfud MD said that the Constitution did not recognize calls for independence from areas that were part of Indonesian territory.
"Indonesian law does not recognize a referendum for self-determination for regions that already belong to the Republic of Indonesia," Mahfud said as quoted by tribunnews.com.
He also cited the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which stipulated a country's legal authority over its territories and the use of any measures, including military measures, to defend it.
Indonesia has ratified the ICCPR under Law No. 12/2005.
Separate histories
The Papuan secessionist movement might argue that West Irian had never participated in Indonesia’s independence struggle, but international law challenges this claim.
Eddy said that demands for a referendum went against the legal principles of territorial integrity and uti possidetis juris ("as you possess under law"), with the latter providing that newly decolonized states should retain the borders they had before independence.
Papua, along with the other regions that make up modern-day Indonesia, formed the Dutch East Indies that came under Japanese imperial rule during World War II, at the height of the Indonesian independence movement. Following Japan's defeat in 1945, the Netherlands attempted to restore control over its former colony.
The Dutch-Indonesian Round Table Conference of 1949 recognized Indonesian sovereignty, with West New Guinea/West Irian set aside as a pending matter to be settled later. The Netherlands and Indonesia eventually signed the New York Agreement on Aug. 15, 1962 that determined West Irian to be an Indonesian administrative territory.
Indonesia consolidated its sovereignty of West Irian in 1969, when selected representatives of the local population voted unanimously for Indonesian rule in the controversial but legitimate Act of Free Choice – or Pepera in Indonesian – which was monitored by UN observers and US diplomats.
In contrast, East Timor was a Portuguese colony from 1702 until 1975, when Indonesia occupied the region. An overwhelming majority of the Timorese people voted against Indonesian integration during the UN-led referendum in 1999, paving the way to independence and the establishment of Timor Leste in 2002.
Sovereign duty
However, even though the repeated calls for Papuan self-determination cannot be recognized under international law, Jakarta is still bound by duty to address the root causes of the prolonged conflict in Papua.
Papua and West Papua have been rocked by protests and rioting since Aug. 19 over claims that authorities and local mass organizations perpetuated racial discrimination against Papuans. The government responded by sending the Indonesian Military to maintain public order and imposed a temporary internet blackout across the region.
Long considered a backwater region that was exploited for its wealth of mineral resources, Papua and West Papua have been a development focus under President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo, whose administration has spent up to Rp 92 trillion (US$6.5 billion) on building roads and other basic infrastructure.
Jokowi also officially ended decades of “transmigrasi”, a state migration policy on distributing people from Java and other Indonesian islands to Papua. Some experts claim the policy sowed mistrust of the government among the Papuan people.
The Papuan people are ethnically Melanesian, a characteristic that informs Indonesia's foreign policy in the island nations of the South Pacific, where the majority of people have Melanesian ancestry. Nations including Vanuatu have previously attempted to internationalize the Papuan issue at the UN, irking Jakarta.
Eddy said the people of Papua could not legally demand another referendum based on alleged violations of human rights or their political, economic and social rights, because Indonesia had already guaranteed these rights in the 2001 Special Autonomy Law, which gave the people of Papua and West Papua the authority to manage the two provinces.
West Papua human rights lawyer Yan Christian Warinussy said the law took special care to recognize Papua's unique history.
“What that particular history is, in my legal interpretation, is the Act of Free Choice,” said Christian, while also noting that the law stipulated the establishment of a truth and reconciliation commission to address unresolved human rights issues.
Controversial election
Indonesia's nationalist narrative on Papua, however, has not been without controversy, with Christian stressing that the tensions in Papua were deeply rooted in the Act of Free Choice.
Under Article XVIII of the New York Agreement, Indonesia is obliged to “make arrangements [...] to give the people of the territory an opportunity to exercise freedom of choice”.
Point (a) of the article stipulates that consultations (“musjawarah”) should be held with local representative councils on the procedures and appropriate methods to be followed “for ascertaining the freely-expressed will of the people”.
However, point (d) of the same article specifically mentions that all adults, male and female, who are not foreign nationals, are eligible to participate in the act of self-determination – that is, the 1969 Pepera election.
“The agreement says that all [eligible] adults must [vote], but this did not happen. If [the election] was handled well, surely no waves of protest would have ensued from the people of Papua feeling cheated,” he said.
Out of the 800,000 Papuan population recorded at the time, only 1,205 people voted in the Pepera, which caused protests to erupt in major cities across the mountainous, forested region.
Critics have decried the 1969 election as a sham, while Jakarta has insisted that those who voted still represented the will of the Papuan people, based on its agreed-upon consultations with local tribal councils.
The international community accepted the results of the Pepera under UN General Assembly Resolution 2504 (XXIV), which reaffirmed as legal fact that West Irian had always been a part of Indonesia. (tjs)
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3) Nearly 700 native Papuan students return home
4 hours ago


Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA) - Some 700 native Papuan students studying at various universities outside Papua Province have returned home in the aftermath of the Surabaya incident although they have received safety and security guarantees from all regional police chiefs.

The national police chief had ordered all regional police chiefs to guarantee the safety of the students to help them focus on completing their studies, Papua Police Chief Inspector General Rudolf Rodja said while deploring the returnees' decision. Speaking to journalists after meeting with rectors of the University of Cenderawasih (Uncen) and Jayapura University of Science and Technology (USTJ) here Monday, Rodja said a majority of the returnees were previously studying in Manado, North Sulawesi Province.

He deplored their decisions to return home before completing their studies because it would affect their future. Instead, the returnees should have prevented themselves from falling victim to the elites or certain vested interests.

After returning home, they would find it difficult to continue their studies at local universities. For their colleagues who are still focusing on their studies in various Indonesian cities, he suggested that they continue with their studies.

They need not fear their routine activities because their safety and security has been guaranteed by all regional police chiefs, he said.

Related news: Police guarantee Papuans' safety, security in West Sulawesi
 

Meanwhile, West Sulawesi Police Chief Brig. Gen. Baharuddin Djafar held a dialog with Papuan residents Monday.

All Papuan residents in West Sulawesi Province are safe following the recent violent protests in Papua and West Papua and their security is guaranteed, he affirmed.

"All Papuans residing in West Sulawesi Province are safe," West Sulawesi Police Chief Brig. Gen. Baharuddin Djafar informed journalists after holding a dialog with residents of Mamuju.

In fact, the situation was brought under control in the two easternmost provinces, though tensions later rode high after the locals were incited by fake news and groundless information disseminated in the aftermath of the Surabaya incident.

In response to this, the National Police have made all-out efforts to prevent the unrest from resurfacing, he stated, affirming that all Papuans residing in West Sulawesi Province are safe.

"We are all brothers and sisters without being restricted by racial, cultural, and ethnical backgrounds. Most importantly, we all have equal rights to have a sense of security," Djafar said.

Papuans in West Sulawesi are expected to keep their relatives in the loop about their safety, he emphasized.

Violence erupted in several parts of Papua and West Papua in the aftermath of the Surabaya incident that had triggered public ire among native Papuans.

Over the past weeks, native Papuans in several parts of the provinces of Papua and West Papua held demonstrations protesting alleged racist slurs against the Papuan students in Surabaya, East Java, August 16.

On August 29, indigenous residents of Jayapura again staged protests, venting their anger over the alleged racist behavior against their compatriots in Surabaya, but their rally then turned violent.

The brutal demonstrators went on a rampage, setting ablaze several government buildings. The office of ANTARA, Indonesia's national news agency, in the city was also intentionally damaged by the demonstrators.

On August 28, violence also broke out in Deiyai District, some 500 kilometers away from Jayapura, resulting in the deaths of an army soldier and two civilians.

Related news: Photographer loses camera, lenses during Jayapura riots
Related news: NGO in Papua facilitates victims of violence to report incidents

Reporter: Evarukdijati, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Sri Haryati

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4) Veronica Koman Meets Her Duties, Not Spreading Hoax: Activists
ranslator: 
 
Editor: 

Markus Wisnu Murti

TEMPO.COJakarta - A solidarity group defending human rights activist Veronica Koman stated that the advocate did not disseminate false or hoax news regarding the conditions of Papuan students in Surabaya in mid-august this year. They opined that she spread valid information originating from her clients.
The group in question consists of the Legal Aid Institute for the Press (LBH Pers), Safenet, the Jakarta Legal Aid (LBH Jakarta), the Indonesian Legal Aid Institute Foundation (YLBHI), Satu Keadilan Foundation, LBH Apik, Perlindungan Insani, and other individuals.
“The information presented by Veronica on her Twitter account is facts, real events,” said Tigor Hutapea from the Jakarta Legal Aid (LBH Jakarta) at the Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) office, Jakarta, Monday, September 9.
On September 6, East Java Police Chief announced Veronica as a suspect for spreading hoaxes on social media through her six tweets.
According to him, Veronica distributed factual information as she got it from her clients, Papuan students in Surabaya. “They [Papuan students] in Surabaya told Veronica for her capacity as a lawyer,” he explained.
Tigor said that Veronica had been an advocate since 2014. She has actively defended human rights since her joining LBH Jakarta in 2012. She has actively been advocating for women, workers, minorities, and vulnerable groups. She is also known to be highly concerned about human rights violations in Papua.
“She has been an advocate of students in Surabaya since 2018,” he added.
Therefore, Veronica Koman has the rights to carry out advocacy, education, and assistance as regulated in the Human Rights Law and the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, Tigor declared.
FIKRI ARIGI
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5) Police Name Another Suspect in Papua Riots
Translator: 
 
Editor: 

Markus Wisnu Murti

TEMPO.COJakarta - National Police spokesman Brig. Gen. Dedi Prasetyo announced that the police had arrested someone identified as FBK for allegedly masterminding the waves of riots in Papua.
“[We have] named a new suspect, FBK,” said Dedi at the Police HQ, Jakarta, Monday, September 9.
FBK was apprehended at Sentani Airport, Jayapura, Friday, September 6, when he was about to depart to Wamena.
Dedi explained that FBK was the intellectual actor during the riots. He also provoked several figures who were members of the Papuan Students Alliance.
“He stirs people from grassroots, he is also an actor in the Jayapura riots and a few other regions in Papua,” he said.
Previously reported, per Thursday, September 5, the police have named 57 suspects in the demonstrations that ended in anarchy in Papua and 21 suspects of riots in West Papua.
DEWI NURITA
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6) Police guarantee Papuans' safety, security in West Sulawesi
7 hours ago

Mamuju, W Sulawesi (ANTARA) - West Sulawesi Police Chief Brig. Gen. Baharuddin Djafar affirmed that all Papuan residents of the province remain safe and secure while guaranteeing their safety following the recent violent protests in Papua and West Papua.

"All Papuans residing in West Sulawesi Province are safe," West Sulawesi Police Chief Brig. Gen. Baharuddin Djafar informed journalists after holding a dialog with Papuan people living in Mamuju on Monday.

In fact, the situation was brought under control in the two easternmost provinces, though tensions later rode high after the locals got incited by fake news and groundless information disseminated in the aftermath of the Surabaya incident.

In response to this condition, the National Police have made all-out efforts to prevent the unrest from resurfacing, he stated, affirming that all Papuans residing in West Sulawesi Province remain safe and secure.

"We are all brothers and sisters without being restricted by racial, cultural, and ethnical backgrounds. Most importantly, we all have equal rights to have a sense of security," Djafar affirmed.

Papuans in West Sulawesi are expected to keep their relatives in the loop of their safety, he emphasized.

West Sulawesi provincial police spokesman, Adjunct Sen. Coms. Mashura, remarked that the current situation in Papua and West Papua remains conducive.

The Papuans partaking in the dialog expressed gratitude to Brig. Gen. Baharuddin Djafar and local governments for the respectable treatment given during their stay in West Sulawesi.

"During our stay in this province for studying, working, and trading, we have never been treated badly by the people of West Sulawesi. We lead a peaceful co-existence," he noted.

"We are all sons of the Motherland. Living akin to a rainbow with a diversity of colors is beautiful," a respected figure of the Papuan community members in West Sulawesi stated.

Related news: Biak residents issue peace declaration, rejecting separatism
Related news: Hearts, minds approach instrumental in tackling Papuan issues: speaker


Violence broke out in several parts of Papua and West Papua in the aftermath of the Surabaya incident that had triggered public ire among native Papuans.

Over the past weeks, native Papuans in several parts of Papua and West Papua as well as several other provinces of Indonesia rallied to protest alleged racist slurs against the Papuan students in Surabaya, East Java, on August 16.

Due to the gravity of the Surabaya incident, National Mandate Party (PAN) patron, Amien Rais, has appealed to the central government to tackle pressing issues in Papua and West Papua.

The government must not undermine the problems in these two easternmost provinces, Rais remarked while conversing with journalists on the sidelines of a ceremony marking PAN's 21st anniversary on August 23.

Indonesia should take a cue from big nations, including the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, that had borne witness to their disintegration despite their economy, military, intelligence, and police being relatively powerful.

Hence, he suggested that the government seek solutions to the problems afflicting the two provinces.

Rais also expressed deep concern over the foreign interference in Papuan issues and urge the government to adopt a multi-dimensional approach in resolving them.

Related news: Police name another suspect in Papua riots
Related news: House backs restrictions on foreigners in Papua

 
Reporter: M.Faisal H, Rahmad Nasution
Editor: Sri Haryati
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7) All tribes in Manokwari to issue peace declaration
4 hours ago

Manokwari, W Papua (ANTARA) - Representatives of all tribes in Manokwari District, West Papua Province will issue a peace declaration, Wednesday to help restore security following a violent rally 
protesting alleged racist slurs against Papuan students in Surabaya, East Java.

"We will organize the activity to issue a peace declaration on Wednesday. All elements of the community and all tribes will be involved. To be sure, all state civil apparatuses must be present," Assistant for Administrative Affairs to the West Papua Provincial Government Musa Kamudi said in Manokwari, Monday. The provincial government hoped that the peace declaration would expedite the restoration of security in the capital of the West Papua Province, he said.

All businesses in Manokwari which is the center of economic activities in the province were disrupted in the aftermath of the riot in August 19, he said.

"In the past couple of weeks, almost all government services have been affected. Rumors about the demonstration spread so quickly that state and civil apparatuses were reluctant to come to offices for security reasons. With the peace declaration, we hope everything will return to normal," he said.

Before issuing the peace declaration, the participants will march from Percetakan Street to Borarsi Square at Jenderal Sudirman Street in Manokwari. During the event, some participants will deliver a peace-loving declaration and representatives of five different faiths will recite prayers.

"Residents who have no other activities can be present. We will keep coordinating with the Provincial Police and the Provincial Military Command to discuss the security arrangements during the event," he said.

Related news: Three suspected of loot, rioting in Manokwari under police arrest
Related news: West Papua police arrest 20 alleged rioters


In related developments, the government and people of Raja Ampat District in West Papua Province have pledged to preserve security and peace in the district which is a global tourist destination.

The commitment was made at a function marking the declaration of "Raja Ampat Loves Peace" at the yard of the Raja Ampat district head's office in the district capital of Waisa Monday.

Raja Ampat District Head Abdul Faris Umlati, Regional Secretary Yusf Salim, Chief of the Police Resort Adjunct Senior Commissioner Edy Setianto Erning Wibowo, Chief of the District Military Command 1805 Major A. Y Padang, regional apparatuses, students, and local people were present at the event.

Umlati read out the text of the peace declaration that appealed to the locals to love one another irrespective of their ethnicity and religion; have mutual respect for the district’s residents; offer mutual help to fellow residents, and denounce violent demonstrations in any form that lead to disintegration, vandalism, looting, and violence.

The participants also supported and trusted the government and law enforcement agencies to initiate legally processes against the perpetrators of racist slurs, vandalism, and looting, as well as ethnicity-, religion-, and race-related cases.

They also pledged to keep the Unitary Republic of Indonesia intact and always pray to God Almighty for the security and peace of Raja Ampat, West Papua, in particular, and Indonesia, in general.

The declaration mirrored the blessings bestowed upon Papua and the love for peace among the people of Papua, particularly Raja Ampat, Umlati noted.

He appealed to everyone in the community to maintain peace and order so that Raja Ampat can set an example not only for the Papuan people but also for the global community.

Alleged racist slurs against Papuan students in Surabaya, East Java, on August 16, set off a chain of violent rallies in several parts of Papua and West Papua.

In the West Papua provincial capital of Manokwari, a rally turned violent August 19, with some protesters torching a local parliamentary building and tires in several parts of the city.

Another violent demonstration erupted in the Papua provincial capital of Jayapura August 29. The brutal demonstrators went on a rampage, setting ablaze several government buildings.

The police have alleged that Papuan separatist Benny Wenda was the mastermind behind the riots, supposedly disseminating hoaxes and attempting to provoke on social media the leaders of states in the Pacific region.

Related news: Biak residents issue peace declaration, rejecting separatism
Related news: Wiranto discloses conspiracy involving separatist leader Benny Wenda

Reporter: Toyiban/Suharto
Editor: Sri Haryati
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8) Unidentified individuals toss sacks of snakes into Papuan student dormitory: Students
Rizki Fachriansyah and Ivany Atina Arbi The Jakarta Post

Jakarta   /   Mon, September 9, 2019   /   07:11 pm
A group of unidentified individuals tossed two sacks of snakes into the front yard of a Papuan student dormitory on Jl. Kalasan in Surabaya, East Java in the early hours of Monday, according to the Papuan Students Alliance (AMP).
AMP central committee head Yohanes Giai said that four unidentified people riding two motorcycles pulled up outside the front gate of the dormitory and proceeded to throw a couple of untied sacks containing snakes onto the lawn at 4:19 a.m.
“The sacks were already open. One sack, which was made from plastic, contained one snake weighing 15 to 20 kilograms. The other sack, made of burlap, contained two aggressive snakes – presumably poisonous,” Yohanes said.
He said residents of the dormitory had managed to secure the large snake. However, the two other snakes had managed to escape. 
Yohanes went on to say that several students who went after the unidentified perpetrators retrieved a pair of binoculars about 20 meters from the dormitory. He said the binoculars were possibly used by the perpetrators to spy on Papuan students living in the dormitory. 
“We have yet to report this incident to the police,” he told The Jakarta Post
Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Wiranto expressed his skepticism regarding the snake-throwing incident. 
“There are rumors of snakes being thrown into the [Papuan student dorm]. What actually happened was our Papuan brothers physically assaulted several security personnel. We’re currently investigating [the incident], but I don’t think anyone would ever catch snakes and throw them like that,” Wiranto said. 
Late last month, Papuan students living in the dormitory refused to welcome East Java Governor Khofifah Indar Parawansa and Papua Governor Lukas Enembe weir dorm in the wake of a racist abuse case, which involved the students being called “monkeys” and “pigs” over an alleged desecration of the national flag on the country’s 74th Independence Day. 
A number of students even chanted “Papua Merdeka” (Free Papua) as they threw rocks at the motorcade. Due to security risks, the governors decided to leave as local police attempted to diffuse the tension.
The students also put up a banner in front of their dormitory reading "Referendum is the Solution" and on Aug. 30 some unidentified people threw paint on the banner to obscure the statement, AMP said in its release on Monday.
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9) Human Rights Watch calls for Indonesia to investigate Papua killings
3:25 pm on 9 September 2019 

At least 10 people have been killed in the worst unrest to hit Papua in years, as thousands have taken part in anti-racism rallies.
Human Rights Watch's Australia Director, Elaine Pearson, says the deaths need to be investigated, including a bloody clash in Deiyai regency.
Indonesian police said at least five people and a soldier were killed in Deiyai when security forces were attacked during a riot on August 28.
A former Deiyai resident, John Pakage, said he and hundreds of others have fled the regency.
"The situation in Deiyai until now [is] tense. And then many military Indonesians come to West Papua, also Deiyai and many violence."
John Pakage said eight civilians were killed in Deiyai when soldiers opened fire on what he says was a peaceful demonstration. The claims are consistent with how the incident has been described by rights groups and activists.
A government-imposed internet blackout across Papua which has only been gradually lifted has made verifying information difficult.
A police spokesperson, Ahmad Mustofa Kamal, was quoted by local media as saying 14 people have been named suspects in connection with the Deiyai riot for crimes including unlawfully possessing firearms, opposing authorities and incitement.
News outlet Suara Papua reported on Thursday the West Papuan suspects are still undergoing treatment at a local hospital after they were injured in the clash.
In its statement on Saturday, Human Rights Watch said Indonesia should also investigate an alleged incident in Jayapura on September 1 when a vigilante mob, along with police and soldiers, stabbed a Papuan student to death and injured more than 20.
A video taken in Fakfak - where nationalist civilian militia groups have clashed with Papuan protestors - showing a disembowelled Papuan man should also be investigated, it added.
"Governments concerned about the unrest and violence in Papua should press the Indonesian government to take prompt action to end the bloodshed, protect the rights of all, and allow full and open reporting of the situation," Ms Pearson said.
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10) Indonesia Clarifies 'Distorted Information' About Papua to UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

BY : TELLY NATHALIA
SEPTEMBER 09, 2019 
Jakarta. Indonesian representatives have approached the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva to clarify what they say is "distorted information" about Papua and West Papua, Indonesia's two easternmost provinces which were rocked by violent protests against ethnic and racial discrimination last month.
Meanwhile, Indonesia's Chief Security Minister Wiranto said on Monday that security situation in the two provinces has returned to normal. 
According to the minister, markets, offices and schools have reopened after almost two weeks of violent demonstrations in which government buildings and public facilities were damaged. 
"We admit there are still threats. Some people have distributed pamphlets encouraging people to conduct more rallies and provoking anarchy," Wiranto said.
"We have strategies to overcome [those threats]," he said in a press conference in Jakarta.
The minister said "distorted information" has led to some Papuan students living in other islands in Indonesia to return home. 
Rumors had spread that there will be revenge attacks against Papuan students living in other cities across Indonesia. 
The retired Army general said at least 835 students have returned home to Papua and West Papua since the riots began. 
Military Commander Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto said he will arrange for two Hercules planes to take those students back to their place of study. 
Tension in Papua and West Papua ran high when violent demonstrations broke out in several cities last month. The protests were initially triggered by racist acts against Papuan students on the island of Java.  
Later, there were calls for Jakarta to allow an independence referendum for Papua and West Papua. 
The government had throttled internet access in the two provinces as the demonstrations spread but by Monday it has restored the internet in almost all areas. 
Wiranto said the government has set aside Rp 100 billion ($7.1 million) to fix public facilities that were damaged by protesters. 
Police meanwhile have charged several people with provoking the riots in Papua and West Papua. 
National Police Chief Tito Karnavian last week said Benny Wenda, the chairman of the United Kingdom-based United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), is the main person behind the riots in Papua and West Papua.
According to the police chief, Benny has been working with at least two other groups in Indonesia, the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) and the Papuan Students Alliance (AMP).
"Their target is Sept. 9, when there will be a meeting of the Office of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights in Geneva. They created the riots so people will talk about Papua. They also want to raise the issue [of Papua independence] during the UN General Assembly on Sept. 24. Papua is not on the agenda [at the assembly]. But Benny has approached one or two countries to raise the issue. They created the riots to strengthen their argument [for independence]," Tito said last week in Papua.
According to police, Benny now holds a foreign passport.
The East Java Police have also charged Veronika Koman, a human rights lawyer working for the KNPB, with spreading fake news and provocative content on Twitter to provoke widespread protests in Papua and West Papua.
"Our permanent representative in Geneva has met with the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to explain [the real situation in Papua]. We will not let it [distorted information] be accepted as the truth," Wiranto said.
Last week, the Indonesian ambassador to Geneva Hasan Kleib said embassy staff had met with officials from the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights before Sept. 4 to explain the real situation in Papua.
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