Friday, May 19, 2017

1) Indonesia must step up over Papuan development, says ELSAM

2) Papua Appreciates Presidential Efforts
1) Indonesia must step up over Papuan development, says ELSAM
  May 19, 2017
                              Speakers at the Elsam "Decolonialisation to Marginalisation" seminar yesterday. Image: ELSAM
The Indonesian government needs to change the policy of development which makes Papuan community a subject, says a non-government organisation that specialises in West Papuan development issues.
This has emerged in the launch of research results and discussion “From Decolonialisation to Marginalisation: Portrait of Government Policy in Tanah Papua for the Last 46 Years” held by ELSAM in Jakarta yesterday.
Research coordinator on Papuan issues Budi Hernawan said that the research focused on three issues — demographic changes in Papua and the impact of development policy, environmental degradation, and militarisation.
ELSAM provided several recommendations related to the three issues.
According to the coordinator of information and documentation of ELSAM, Ari Yurino, the transmigration programme in Papua has evidently brought negative impact to the social life of Papuan natives.
Due to the uneven transmigration and development programme, it has caused the increase of the number of migrants in Papua and the rise of conflict between the newcomers and the indigenous Papuans.
The transmigration programme must be terminated and its policy must be evaluated, Yurino said.
‘Alternative solution’
“As an alternative solution of regional development, the national government should facilitate the cooperation among regions to strengthen the local government in order to be able to seek for autonomous development,” he said.
One of the recommendations to the local government, he added, was to also formulate Perdasi (Provincial Regional Regulations) and Perdasus (Special Regional Regulations) which would encourage the assimilation of the migrants into Papuan culture through formal and informal education.
Meanwhile, in the context of environmental degradation, ELSAM’s programme staff, Kania Mezariani, said the national government needed to urgently conduct environmental auditing on all national scale projects in Papua, especially in the plantation and mining sectors.
According to her, those two sectors often became the triggers of conflicts, both locally and nationally
“The national government should focus on economic development which directly connects to the peoples’ needs,” she said.
Mezariani added that the local government should establish spatial planning in Papua and West Papua provinces in order to guarantee the life space of the indigenous Papuan people, especially related to the domination of the rainforests and lands of Papua.
Also the coordinator of human rights defenders capacity building of ELSAM, Mike Verawati, spoke about the importance of reviving community police in Papua.
‘NZ-aided community police’
“In Java, such a pattern is applied. Previously, the community police was run — through assistance from the Netherlands and New Zealand police institutions — quite successfully.
“That project should be run again. The government officers assigned in Papua should also receive the briefing about anthropology in order to understand and use the approach in accordance with Papuan characteristics,” she said.
Other than that, she also called on the national government to terminate the extension of authority to the Indonesian National Army over the defence role as specified in Law No 34/2002 on Indonesian National Army.
Budi Hernawan saisd ELSAM also urged Komnas HAM and the Attorney-General to immediately complete the documentation of human rights violations cases in Papua.
Hernawan added that local government must immediately establish a human rights protection instrument, especially like the Regional Commission on Human Rights, Human Rights Court, and Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Papua and West Papua, as mandated by Law No 21/2001 on Special Autonomy.
2) Papua Appreciates Presidential Efforts
Friday, 19 May 2017 | 08:15 WIB
TIMIKA, NETRALNEWS.COM - Michael Manufandu from Papua appreciated the efforts of President Joko Widodo is opening the isolation of Papua remote and inner areas through infrastructure constructions. Manufandu said from Papua on Friday (19/5/2017) that the constructions include road, airport and supporting policies.
He said that the attention should be appreciated by all people, and it is time for local governments in Papua to work with central government to improve the area.
Manufandu, who is a former ambassador for Columbia, said that from seven presidents of Indonesia, President Widodo visited Papua the most. He added that beside roads, the following airports are also being constructed in hinterlands, including in Wamena, Dekai Yahukimo, Ilaga, Kenyam, Asmat, Timika, Wagete and Nabire. (*)


Jayapura, Jubi – Papua Governor Lukas Enembe calls on all Papuans to be more concerned about the problems occur in Papua than to think about things that happen outside of Papua.
Following solidarity action of “a thousand candles for Ahok” conducted in several areas in Papua including Jayapura and Jayapura Regency, Enembe support it as good initiative because it shows sympathy on human values.
But since human values are universal and equal, Enembe hopes Papuans should also show sympathy to human rights violations cases in Papua.. Especially to those who died because of these violations.
“The value of humanity is universal and equal, it would be good if the people of Papua also light the candles to our brothers who died because of human rights violations. It is also necessary because the Papuans always die in vain,” said Enembe after his candidacy declaration to run for Governor of Papua for the second time, in Biak Numfor Regency in Cenderawasih Yard on Wednesday (May 17).
He asked Papuans should be more intelligent to grasp issues that developed in Indonesia and understand those as a whole. “We might be concerned with issues outside of Papua, but here (Papua-red) many problems should first be our concern and we need to do it together,” he said.
Within days, during last week, Papuans in some areas showed sympathy for the detention of Basuki Cahaya Purnama (Ahok), the Governor of DKI Jakarta, after being sentenced to two years in prison for alleged blasphemy.
In the notes of the Civil Society Coalition for the Enforcement of Law and Human Rights of Papua, from 2012 to 2016, 58 people were recorded as victims of extrajudicial killings, and 41 of them were killed for extrajudicial killings.
The Indonesian government, in early 2016 promised to complete three cases of alleged human rights violations in Papua, namely the case of Bloody Wasior (2001), Bloody Wamena (2000) and Bloody Paniai (2014) by forming an integrated team to resolve cases of alleged human rights abuses in Papua.
The Wamena case claimed 30 dead and 40 seriously injured. In the case of Wasior, four people were killed, 39 were tortured, one was raped and five were forcibly removed. While in the case of Paniai, four students were killed by security forces bullets and dozens of others were wounded.
But until now, there has no clarity on the settlement of three cases of those alleged gross human rights violations. (*)

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