Jayapura, Jubi – Laurenzus Kadepa, Papua legislator has called for a referendum in Papua to prove the results of a Political Indicator survey that said 60 percent of Papuans (OAP) refused to separate from the Unitary Republic of Indonesia (NKRI).
He said if the survey results were true, certainly the Jakarta should not worry about holding a referendum.
“Yes, it should be a referendum to prove that the majority of indigenous Papuans want to remain with the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia and if they do not dare to hold a referendum, then the results of the survey are questionable,” said a member of Papua House of Representatives Commission I on government, politics, law and human rights to Jubi, Sunday (May 7).
He suspected that the pole was being made by the Government of Indonesia to shape public opinion, that Papua is doing well. He refers to Indonesian delegation speech by Foreign Minister Retno Masudi in the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) May 3 in Geneva.
It is precisely these things that will become the international spotlight, he continued. Since other countries also have data related to Papua, things like this, including the results of the survey, he added, just add to the problem; bring new turmoil.
Previously, in the publication of satuharapan.com that launched the news, Jakarta Post mentioned the results of a poll conducted by Political Indicators, a survey institutions found that 60 percent of OAP refused to separate from Indonesia. Only 18 percent supported the idea of independence and 22 percent had no opinion.
“Most of them are faithful to the country (Indonesia),” said Director of Research of Political Indicators, Hendro Prasetyo, Friday (May 5).
According to Hendro Prasetyo, the survey was conducted March 23-April 3, 2017 in various regions throughout Papua. The number of respondents is 700 people. The sample selection was done by using multistage random method.
The survey also claims to found 77 percent of respondents are satisfied with the performance of President Joko Widodo in Papua. (*)
Children playing in a piece of remain land inside palm oil plantation – IST
Jayapura, Jubi – Delays in granting new licenses and improvements in management of primary natural forest and peat land are a policy that required commitment from multi-stakeholders in order to postpone number of proposed forest utilization new licenses.
This is important in order to reduce carbon emissions of forest degradation and deforestation in Indonesia, as stated by Friends of the Earth (Walhi) Papua in its press release recently.
“The SBY government has issued Presidential Instruction No. 6/2013 regarding the postponement of new licenses to improve the management of natural forests and peat lands,” said Aiesh Rumbekwan, Director of Walhi Regio Papua and West Papua in a press conference on Friday (May 12) .
Rumbekwan said President Jokowi’s stated his commitment in a speech at the conference of the parties (COP 21 UNFCCC) in Paris 2015. He promised to commit to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 29 percent Business as usual in 2030 and 41 percent with international support.
This commitment is downgraded by Presidential Instruction No. 8/2017 that would delays the granting new licenses and improvements in primary natural forest and peat land management.
“This is done after seeing the fact that expansion of extractive industry on primary natural forest and peat lands continues to occur and tends to increase over time,” he told to the press.
He added despite the policy of moratorium on forest and peat land utilization’s permit, the fact that expansion of extractive industry in Papua is still quite high, especially on oil palm plantation sector.
So far, it seems that there is no certainty that there will be any extension of delay or reduction or even cessation of extractive industry expansion on primary natural forest and peat land in Papua, according to the essence of the moratorium. Meanwhile, he said presidential instruction No.8 / 2015 itself end on May 13 2017.
“The new permits issued by the government to extractive industries, especially oil palm plantations and mining in the period of postponement/moratorium are considered to be a form of political economic conspiracy between corporations and the government. The example of what happened between PTPN II Arso and indigenous people in Keerom is the proof, “Rumbekwan said.
This is followed by the issuance of PP 13/2017 on the amendment to PP No.26 / 2008 on the national spatial plan which is considered as inconsistent with Indonesia commitment and international.
Meanwhile, according to Foker NGO Papua, Decky Rumaropen the impact that will occur is the granting of licenses without complying with the policy of moratorium will raises resistance of indigenous peoples to defend their rights to land and natural resources which are often politicized with criminalization.
“The fact that many people who are victims of investment by government and corporation lose their land right and management rights, especially natural resources as their livelihood,” said Rumaropen.
Observing the condition, Walhi and Foker Papua NGOs asked the Papuan and West Papua governments to stop recommending extractive industrial companies to invest in Papua. It considered does not provide any benefit to the indigenous people.
Walhi Papua and Foker NGO Papua will fight against the potential of forest degradation and deforestation that increasingly leads to prolonged conflict among the people that even cost lives.
Furthermore, they requested the Government of Papua and West Papua to make a real effort through local regulation in order to save the people and forests of Papua and build strategic partnership with the community for forest management in Papua.
There should be concrete efforts to urge the central government, especially the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) to issue a standard of procedure and criteria (NSPK) in the implementation of Perdasus (special regulation in Papua Special Autonomy Law) No 21./2008 on more sustainable forest management in Papua to recognize indigenous peoples’ rights to forests in Papua.
“For the governor of West Papua together with the relevant agencies to immediately issue Perdasus to implement the Special Autonomy Law in connection with sustainable management in the Province of West Papua by ensuring the customary rights of Papua’s forests,” said Aiesh Rumbekwan.(*)
Timika, Papua (ANTARA News) - Gold and copper mining firm PT Freeport has reportedly laid off 840 employees for going on strike in Timika, Papua province, some time ago.
Septinus Soumilena, Head of the Immigration, Transmigration and Public Housing Office, confirmed he had received a report from PT Freeport about the dismissal of some 840 employees.
"We have received a letter of notification from the management of PT Freeport stating 840 employees had been laid off. Of course, this is a cause of major concern for all of us," he said.
The Immigration, Transmigration and Public Housing Office in Mimika tried its best to prevent the layoff by writing to the management of PT Freeport on April 12 but to no avail, he revealed.
"It turns out that the letter we have sent was late, because by the time it was sent, about 430 workers had been laid off. Today, we sent a letter urging the management of PT Freeport to cancel the layoff. The number of employees discharged has reached 840," he said.
The Mimika district government will act, as soon as possible, to facilitate a meeting between the management of PT Freeport and leaders of labor unions, he stated. (*)
Jayapura, Jubi – Member of Papua House of Representatives on government, law and human rights commission, Laurenzus Kadepa suggested the Papua Provincial Government to establish a local apparatus organization (OPD) or a special agency for handling indigenous Papuans (OAP).
If an OPD is not possible, he said a special agency for dealing with OAP can be established, similar to Health Development Acceleration Unit (UP2KP) which focusing on health issues in Papua.
“I suggest establishing OPDs or specialized agencies in dealing with OAP,” he said to Jubi last weekend.
The tasks of the agency or OPD are among others to list the number of OAP from year to year, how many had died and born. He also suggest the agency would also collect data on percentage of indigenous Papuan’s children who received education from early childhood to college, who study abroad, as well as access to education and health services.
“Based on those data, the government’s development policy then can be well targeted. The government will take a policy based on the number of OAP because I do not really believe the Papuan People Assembly (MRP) would do that,” he said.
He acknowledged that Special Autonomy Bureau exists in Papua Province, but according to him the scope of their policy is so wide. He would like to make sure that the focus of (new) agency is more to monitor development of OAP from year to year, which is not conducted by the existing agencies.
“Do not take for granted the euphoria of development that makes us forget human development of Papuan. To focus only on development will ignore the number of OAP who’s increasingly diminished,” he said.
Separately, member of Papua House of Representatives Commission V on population, Natan Pahabol said it is impossible to ensure the proper use of special autonomy if the government does not have responsible data on the number of OAP.
“How will the government claim to protect OAP if it does not have accurate data on the number of OAPs? How can the program claimed to be targeted to OAP?” Natan said. (*)