Friday, September 14, 2018

1) Kanaks urged by West Papuan body to vote for independence

2) Amnesty International Demands Jokowi’s Promise on Human Rights
3) Avoiding conflicts of interest on indigenous land mapping


1) Kanaks urged by West Papuan body to vote for independence

The West Papua National Committee has urged New Caledonia's indigenous Melanesians to vote for independence during the upcoming referendum.

The West Papua National Committee chairman Victor Yeimo addressed the demonstration in the Papuan provincial capital, Jayapura. Photo: Tabloid Jubi

The West Papua National Committee chairman Victor Yeimo addressed the demonstration in the Papuan provincial capital, Jayapura. Photo: Tabloid Jubi
In November, New Caledonia is to hold a referendum on possible independence from France.
The Committee, a pro-independence organisation based in Indonesia's Papua region which goes by the acronym KNPB, said Kanaks should reject all French propaganda to maintain the territory's status quo.
Its chairman, Victor Yeimo, claimed it was important that the Kanaks took up the opportunity of decolonisation which he said West Papuans had been denied.
"I just want to tell something to the people of Kanaky (New Caledonia), to please choose yes for your future. Because if you don't choose yes for your future, it means you allow your people, your land to be extinct. Our people in West Papua will all support you to choose yes, so you can become a nation, a freedom nation," said Victor Yeimo.
Mr Yeimo credited France with allowing a referendum to go ahead, pointing out that it stood in direct contrast to the situation in Indonesian-ruled Papua region.
"Democratically, it was good of France to realise that they give the space for the people of Kanaky to choose what they want for their future," he said.
"But in Indonesia, we can't do that, because Indonesian colonialism is not like European colonialism, like they didn't know about democracy."
Mr Yeimo said West Papuans were an example of the disastrous consequences of colonial manipulation. He cited the lack of participation by Papuans in the 1962 agreement between Netherlands and Indonesia which led to the former Dutch New Guinea being taken over by Indonesia.
"We are victims of a failed decolonisation process," Mr Yeimo said, adding that no matter how difficult, independence was better than being colonised.
"France should... know about the spirit of decolonisation. They have to give the opportunity for the Kanak people to develop their country by themselves.
"If they can give them feedom, it means the process of decolonisation is final. The referendum is not final if people, under the French provocation, still choose to stay with France, it doesn't mean that it's final."
New Caledonia's independence referendum will be held on 4 November, with voters to be given the choice of remaining a part of France or becoming an independent country.

2) Amnesty International Demands Jokowi’s Promise on Human Rights
TEMPO.COJakarta- Human rights organization Amnesty International Indonesia demanded President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo to fulfill his promises to resolve the alleged violation of human rights in Papua. According to Amnesty International Indonesia executive director Usman Hamid, Jokowi had earlier pledged to settle the shooting incidents involving civilians in Paniai, Papua.
"We underline one promise, one commitment delivered by President Joko Widodo following the Paniai incident that the President wants the case to be settled to prevent further incident in the future," said Usman in a plenary meeting with the House of Representative (DPR)'s Legal Commission in the Parliament Complex, Senayan, Jakarta, Wednesday, September 12, 2018.
Usman explained that there was an alleged excessive mobilization of power and weapons from the security apparatus in Papua. Throughout January 2010 until February 2018, Amnesty International Indonesia recorded 69 cases of alleged extrajudicial killings in Papua.
The most dominant perpetrator was the National Police (Polri) officers (34 cases), followed by Indonesia Armed Force (TNI) (23 cases), joint officers of TNI and Polri (11 cases) and Public Order Agency (Satpol PP) in one case.

Usman explained a total of 25 cases were not investigated, 26 cases were studied without disclosure, and 8 cases ended customarily. "Usually, it is about certain compensations for the victim’s family," Usman said.
According to Usman, the series of those gross facts was a proof that the government lacked independent, effective, and impartial mechanisms to cope with the civilian’s complaints concerning human rights violation performed by the security personnel.
The former coordinator of the Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (Kontras) urged the government to create measures to resolve the human rights violation in Papua and demanded the government admit the incident and draft procedures for security officers in a bid to prevent violence in the region.
"President Jokowi expects Papua to be a peaceful land," Usman said.
Meanwhile, the House’s Legal Commission deputy speaker Trimedya Panjaitan pledged to question the findings issued by Amnesty International Indonesia to the National Police Chief Tito Karnavian in the upcoming session. "We will ask the police chief in the next meeting on September 24," Trimedya said.
3) Avoiding conflicts of interest on indigenous land mapping

Jayapura, Jubi – The indigenous land mapping in Jayapura District is very important, but it should be noted that it might have a tendency of contestation or conflict of interest among communities.
According to an anthropologist at the University of Papua I Ngurah Suryawan, the claim of land has a long history of dynamic and inconsistent movements. It needs a thorough study of the form of the indigenous land mapping, as it is inherent in the rights of indigenous people.
“Speaking of this, the indigenous people’s land’s right is currently facing a strong onslaught of change. “People are busy talking about land rights, but then they just see how their land was taken by companies, their relatives or other clans of family,” said Ngurah on Thursday (9/6/2018).
Meanwhile, Jayapura Regent Mathius Awoitauw has also formed a task force to do mapping on the indigenous territories. The task force chaired the Regional Secretary of Jayapura District which members are including the Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago (AMAN), NGOs and indigenous communities.
“The task force was launched on Friday (5/9/2018) after many consultation and finalization among members and communities.” (*)
 Reporter: Timoteus Marten
Editor: Pipit Maizier

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